1) Original efforts to fight ISIS
On Oct.7 of last year, Canada’s Parliament adopted a motion in support of Canada joining the U.S.-led coalition, including the United Kingdom, Australia, Turkey, France, Germany, Poland, Italy and Denmark, against the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant. The vote, supported by the Conservative majority in the House of Commons and with the help of some independent MPs, passed with 157 in favour and 134 against. All NDP and Liberal MPs, aside from Irwin Cotler who abstained, voted against the motion.
The original motion covered a 6-month time frame for air operations in the Middle East. Canada devoted 69 special forces operatives to advise Kurdish peshmerga fighting ISIS, as well as six CF-18 fighter jets, one refuelling aircraft and two surveillance aircrafts.
As of mid-February, Ottawa had spent $122 million on the air and ground mission.
“Costs will ultimately be higher than that, but how much higher will depend on whether we wrap up the operation at