Canadian film director Norman Jewison, a champion of homegrown talent whose Oscar-recognized titles including "Moonstruck" and "Fiddler on the Roof" ran the gamut from romantic crowd-pleasers to racial and social dramas, has died.
A publicist for the Toronto-born filmmaker said Jewison died peacefully at his home on Saturday. He was 97.
The strong-willed director-producer tackled a wide range of genres throughout his distinguished career but was particularly drawn to projects that had a social message and explored the human condition.
"We lost a great giant," Montreal-born director Barry Avrich said Monday.
Avrich said that when he was trying to make it as a filmmaker in the early '80s, Jewison was one of very few Canadian filmmakers he could look to who had enjoyed success outside of Canada. Jewison agreed to meet Avrich to offer some advice.
"He said, 'Always pick something controversial that resonates with the largest possible audience.' That became my blueprint," said Avrich, whose documentaries include 2005's "The Last Mogul" and 2020's "Oscar Peterson: Black + White."
A statement from the Canadian Film Centre lauded Jewison, its founder, as a "national icon, brilliant storyteller, passionate humanitarian, steadfast mentor and friend, compassionate human, and a devoted husband and father."
“Norman was a bold and insightful filmmaker,” said the centre for advanced film studies, which Jewison founded in 1988.
“He had a gift for exploring controversial and complicated subjects and giving them universal accessibility.”
Prime Minister Justin Trudeau said Jewison was a proud Canadian who leaves behind a body of work that is still deeply relevant.
"A staunch believer in social justice, Mr. Jewison was committed to working for the greater good," Trudeau said in a statement.
"He marched in civil rights protests in the 1960s and never shied away from thought-provoking, and often difficult, topics in his work."
Jewison's five-time Oscar-winning 1967 crime drama "In the Heat of the Night" was the first of several of his films to probe the effects of racism.
The issue struck Jewison while hitchhiking across the segregated American South as a teen following his one-year service in the Royal Canadian Navy during the Second World War.
"I saw apartheid for the first time," he said in February 2010 during a Toronto panel discussion on race relations in cinema.
"I couldn't understand at 18 ... why a country would ask young men to go and fight and die for America and then when they came home, they had to sit at the back of a bus and they couldn't get a cup of coffee at Woolworth's."
Jewison revisited themes of racial tension with his three-time Oscar-nominated "A Soldier's Story" in 1984, and "The Hurricane" in 1999, which earned Denzel Washington an Oscar nomination for best actor.
His other Oscar-winning or nominated features spanned film genres, with the crime drama "The Thomas Crown Affair," the musical "Jesus Christ Superstar" and the Cold War satire "The Russians Are Coming, The Russians Are Coming."
There were also the thrillers "...And Justice for All" and "Agnes of God," as well as the romantic comedy "Best Friends."
The beloved romantic comedy "Moonstruck" won Oscars for Cher as best actress and Olympia Dukakis for best supporting actress, as well as best screenplay.
Cher paid tribute to Jewison on X, formerly known as Twitter, with the post: "Farewell Sweet Prince. Thank U For One Of The Greatest, Happiest, Most Fun Experiences Of My Life."
Nicolas Cage, who appeared in one of his most indelible roles as Cher's ardent, one-handed love interest in "Moonstruck," described Jewison in an emailed statement as "the sculptor of so many wonderful stories and performances."
"There was no one better for a young actor to have collaborated with, and I was fortunate to have benefited from his knowledge and guidance," Cage said.
Jewison, born in his grandmother's house in 1926, was raised a Methodist but was often confused for being Jewish because of his surname. He was passionate about performing and storytelling from a young age and obtained a bachelor's degree in general arts from University of Toronto's Victoria College in 1949.
After failing to land acting gigs in New York and Hollywood, Jewison drove a taxi and waited on tables in Toronto to support his fledgling career in show business.
His first steady showbiz work came in television, first as a scriptwriter with the BBC in London and then as a writer, director and producer for CBC-TV in Toronto. It was around this time, in 1953, that he wed model Margaret Ann (Dixie) Dixon, with whom he had three children — Michael, Kevin and Jennifer. They remained married until her death in 2004.
Jewison followed up his CBC gig with a directing position at CBS in New York, where he oversaw performers including Harry Belafonte, Jackie Gleason and Judy Garland.
On the suggestion of actor Tony Curtis, Jewison started directing films and got his breakthrough with the lauded 1965 gambling drama "The Cincinnati Kid."
Many honours followed, including being named companion of the Order of Canada in 1992 and earning the Irving G. Thalberg Award for lifetime achievement from the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences in 1999.
Jewison's name is also immortalized on stars on the Hollywood Walk of Fame and Canada's Walk of Fame.
Cameron Bailey, CEO of the Toronto International Film Festival, remembered Jewison as “such a generous person, not just in his films but in the things he created."
Bailey noted the director returned to Canada in 1978, despite having found success in Hollywood at that time. He said Jewison then actively fostered local talent by sitting on TIFF's board in the ’80s and launching the CFC, which Bailey credits with spurring “a whole new generation of filmmakers,” from Clement Virgo to Sarah Polley.
“He could have just been going out and making more movies but he wanted to be a part of a film community here. And that is rare. There have been lots of very talented Canadians who have gone to Hollywood and done very well, but Norman stood apart in many ways in the degree to which he came back and gave back.”
Avrich recalled annual barbecues the CFC would host during Toronto film festival, where Jewison would sit at a table and hold court in the '80s and '90s, offering advice to young filmmakers.
"You never knew when Norman had a life lesson," he said.
"He always believed in being accessible to young talent. And he would never give up on a script. He would often say to a lot of people, 'There's no such thing as putting a script on the shelf. You keep going at it. If you believe, then a project gets made.'"
Jewison also showed his nationalism by shooting several films in Canada and advocating for Canuck culture during many public speaking opportunities.
"The power of our arts is the essence of Canada," he said in a June 2008 convocation address at what was then called Ryerson University.
"Artists are our most precious commodity because we supply the images and the words through which we see and understand ourselves as a people."
Despite having homes in several cities around North America, Jewison said he always felt most comfortable on Canadian soil, especially at his farm in Caledon, Ont., northwest of Toronto, where he and his family raised pigs and cattle.
"Most people consider me a Hollywood director but I feel very Canadian. I always have," he told The Canadian Press in 1979.
"Canadians can be more objective (about the Americans). We're more like them than anyone else but we're still outsiders."
This report by The Canadian Press was first published Jan. 22, 2024.
Alex Nino Gheciu, The Canadian Press