It was stressful enough for Fionn Kellas to suddenly lose their retail job. But getting the news via WhatsApp message rather than in-person made it worse.
"It was an absolute shock to me," said Kellas, recalling the hurt of being dismissed in a way that felt so abrupt and cold.
Months later, the memory of being laid off from a Toronto-area candy store is still painful for Kellas.
"I was crying."
Using technology to deliver this kind of bad news — whether via email, video call or similar tools — is an approach some organizations embraced during the pandemic, but employees and experts say it fails to factor in the people on the receiving end of job losses.
"I think it's another example of us really not getting our heads wrapped around the best use of technology," said Paula Allen, a senior vice-president of research and total well-being at human resources firm LifeWorks.
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Logging on for layoffs
While such mass terminations at large firms have made headlines, it's not just big business using these tools to part ways with staff.
For Kellas, the jarring WhatsApp-delivered news of employment loss came from the small store's manager.
"I've moved on from it, but it still is kind of a 'What the F?' kind of situation," said Kellas, who noted the manager could have made the moment a little less harsh by calling instead.
But a phone call may not be that welcome in all cases either.
Kelsee Douglas learned she was losing her job at a Saskatchewan hearing clinic halfway through her workday last winter.
First came an electronic message notifying her of a surprise meeting. Then came the phone meeting, during which she was told her employment was coming to an end — immediately.
"I was really, really shocked," said Douglas, who had been in the job for two and a half years.
Allen, the HR firm leader, said it's key that organizations provide employees with support — such as counselling and career coaching — as they adjust to their new reality.
She cautioned that employers may not know the full set of personal circumstances people are facing at the time of a layoff or termination notice — nor do they know how hard employees will take the news.
"A lot of people are dealing with many issues and coming into the office every single day and this is the one straw that makes it very difficult for them to see their next step."
A pandemic uptick
Sixteen years ago, consumer electronics retailer RadioShack notified 400 employees they were losing their jobs via email.
Back then, prominent labour leader Bruce Raynor called it an "outrageous way to treat human beings."
But it's seemingly become more common, especially during the pandemic.
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Cannabis company Canopy Growth used a Zoom announcement to lay off 200 employees back in 2020.
Just last year, 900 people at Better.com learned they were being let go during a much-criticized Zoom call.
Janet Candido, a Toronto-based HR consultant, said she hopes the remote termination approach "doesn't become commonplace."
She said the use of these methods seems to have expanded during the pandemic. As a greater number of people began to use these tools to work remotely, that same technology was being used to let some of them go.
Camilla Boyer, a U.K.-based executive communications consultant, believes globalization has also contributed.
"Companies with employees spread out across the world don't have the option to gather everyone in one room or meet with them face-to-face in an office the way it may previously have been done," said Boyer, who has helped advise firms on layoffs in the past.
"That has given rise to the increased use of technology in carrying out reductions in force," she said in an email.
Room for improvement
"I think the practice has good and bad sides," Martha Maznevski, a professor of organizational behaviour at Western University in London, Ont., told CBC News via email.
Maznevski said the process is "completely dispassionate and cold" and leaves little goodwill among departing employees. But it may also be an efficient way to share key information, particularly in organizations that are spread out geographically.
Nadia Zaman, an employment lawyer with Rudner Law in Markham, Ont., said "employers should be cautious in carrying out dismissals via video or other similar methods."
Aspects of these tools, she noted, may allow an employer to have discussions in a private and confidential manner.
In the long-term, Allen doesn't expect these practices to go away — people will continue to be hired remotely and let go in the same way in some cases.
No matter what the circumstances, she said consideration of the person should be at the centre of the process.
"I think it's the how it's done that needs a little bit more care."