Fort McMurray is more prepared for a flood than ever before, says a top official with the Regional Municipality of Wood Buffalo.
All work on permanent flood mitigation is expected to be completed by 2023, Matthew Hough, the municipality's chief administrative officer, told council Tuesday.
"We are a more resilient community," Hough said, adding that he was struck by how much was accomplished this year.
"We became the most protected and prepared we have ever been."
In April 2020, a 25-kilometre long ice jam formed in the Athabasca River, flooding Fort McMurray's downtown and forcing the evacuation of 13,000 people.
An engineering report later found the existing flood mitigation system was incomplete and seriously flawed. A porous berm system allowed water to gush in.
The flood caused an estimated $1.3 billion in insured and uninsured losses, said James Semple, municipal roads supervisor.
The municipality has since spent about $11.4 million on temporary mitigation measures.
Another $19.8 million has been spent on permanent measures, with a further $61.4 million earmarked to complete the permanent measures in future years.
The municipality is currently building permanent flood mitigation infrastructure across Fort McMurray's flood-prone areas, including downtown and the neighbourhoods of Waterways, Ptarmigan Court and Taiga Nova.
By the end of construction, the municipality is expected to have spent $257 million on permanent flood mitigation measures.
Hough said other accomplishments to date include modifications to the water treatment plant, the development of emergency exercises, and insurance advocacy.
This year, the municipality relied on temporary measures, such as sandbags and clay berms, to protect the community during spring break-up of the river ice.
The 2021 plan included more than six kilometres of temporary flood mitigation in Fort McMurray.
As the permanent mitigation is put in place, the temporary measures will be scaled back, Semple said.
"The municipality is improving plans based on the lessons learned from preparedness planning in 2021," he said.
"We've already secured additional triple dams and revised temporary approaches for river breakup 2022."
Coun. Jeff Peddle said while he appreciated all the effort that went into the temporary flood mitigation this year, he didn't want to see Clearwater Drive closed again. That road was temporarily closed as part of a new berm system.
But Hough said it's necessary. "I'll be quite upfront and say that it's highly unlikely that we can establish that temporary mitigation without closing a section of Clearwater Drive again," he said.
Businesses and homes along the road were still accessible through detours.
Hough said the road was closed for a "short, modest time to protect the community compared to the losses of the year before."
He said all flood-prone areas are now fully protected except for Draper, a community of about 200 people 12 kilometres south of Fort McMurray.
Coun. Sheila Lalonde questioned the exclusion of Draper, which was hard hit by the historic flood in 2020.
"We cannot sacrifice one community for the others."
Hough said each property is being assessed individually, as it's not feasible to protect that area with a berm.
There will be more information for Draper residents in the coming months, Hough said.