A Greek national flag flutters as the parliament building is seen in the background in Athens
By George Georgiopoulos and Thorsten Severin
ATHENS/BERLIN (Reuters) - Greece risks running out of cash by April 20 unless it secures fresh aid, a source familiar with the matter told Reuters on Tuesday, leaving little time to convince skeptical creditors it is committed to economic reform.
After talks with EU leaders including German Chancellor Angela Merkel in the past week, Athens said it will present a package of reforms to its euro zone partners by Monday in hope of unlocking aid and avoiding a messy default.
"It will be done at the latest by Monday," government spokesman Gabriel Sakellaridis told Mega TV.
Comments from the German foreign minister and the chairman of euro zone finance ministers suggested slightly more optimism among Greece's partners that it may be moving closer to meeting the conditions for the urgently needed cash injection.
"That process is moving once again, I say with some cautious satisfaction. Now there's hard work happening on complementary additions to the (reform) list," said Eurogroup chairman Jeroen Dijsselbloem, who is also Dutch finance minister.
"That they’re all but broke, we knew already," he told RTL Nieuws television. "But my message to the Greeks is then every time again: so then, work with us as quickly as possible on an adjustment to the program.
Athens is hoping the finance ministers will approve its list and allow for the return of about 1.9 billion euros ($2.07 billion) in profits made by the European Central Bank on Greek bonds, the source familiar with the matter said.
The source said Athens also expected the return of about 1.2 billion euros in cash left in the Greek bank bailout fund that was taken back by the euro zone last month - something euro zone officials said the euro zone bailout fund would discuss on Wednesday
Greece argues that its own bank rescue fund should have returned only 9.7 billion euros to the euro zone rather than 10.9 billion euros, since it had used its own cash reserve rather than EFSF bonds to make that recapitalization.
Greek officials have not gone into detail about the latest reform list. Sakillarides said only it would not contain recessionary measures but structural changes.
The reforms are deeply sensitive for leftist Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras, who came to power in January pledging to end austerity policies but was forced to accept an extension to a hated bailout program under the threat of a banking collapse.
Greece has received two bailouts totaling 240 billion euros since 2010 but its economy has shrunk by 25 percent partly due to austerity measures imposed by the lenders. One in four Greeks is out of work, and more than half of all young people.
Tsipras discussed the reforms with German Chancellor Angela Merkel in Berlin on Monday. Sakellaridis said that in a four-hour working dinner they discussed only the outline without going into depth.
Both leaders voiced mutual goodwill during a visit that appeared to have cleared the air after weeks of public acrimony between Athens and Berlin.
German Foreign Minister Frank-Walter Steinmeier said after meeting Tsipras on Tuesday that an improved climate between the two countries would help start serious negotiations for a solution to Greece's debt problems.
The Social Democrat politician told reporters this alone would not solve Greece's financial problems, but it was "no doubt a precondition to begin serious talks in the coming days".
Greek financial markets rallied. The two-year bond yield fell nearly 2 percentage points on the day to below 20 percent.
A spokesman for the European Financial Stability Facility bailout fund said Dijsselbloem had asked the agency to review the Greek case for the cash refund, and had also asked the Eurogroup Working Group to work on the issue.
The move appeared to be a gesture of encouragement to Tsipras after euro zone ministers previously said Athens would get no more money until its reforms were approved by the Eurogroup and implemented to the satisfaction of the creditors.
The source familiar with the government's cash position said Athens had lately relied on repo transactions - where it borrows money from state entities - to cover its cash crunch, but could continue to rely on that only for a few more weeks.
"Although it will be hard, the country can make it without help until about April 20, using the short-term borrowing from public entities," the source said.
British finance minister George Osborne, whose country is not a euro zone member, said the risk of Greece leaving the euro zone was growing again because of the rancor between Athens and the rest of the currency union.
A Greek exit "could happen through accident ... or misjudgment," Osborne told lawmakers in London. "I still don't think that's the likeliest outcome, but it's certainly something we need to be prepared for."
(Additional reporting by Jan Strupczewski in Brussels and Toby Sterling in Amsterdam; Writing by Deepa Babington and Paul Taylor; editing by John Stonestreet)