With Ontario facing dangerously high rates of COVID-19 that threaten more deaths than seen during the first wave, Premier Doug Ford declared a second provincial emergency Tuesday and announced a slate of new restrictions in an effort to bring the virus under control.
Here are the new restrictions in place effective 12:01 a.m. Thursday:
Ontario will be placed under a stay-at-home order, which will require everyone to remain at home with exceptions for essential purposes, such as going to the grocery store or pharmacy; accessing health-care services; exercising; or doing essential work.
There will be no in-class instruction until Feb. 10 at the earliest for the following public health units: Toronto, York Region, Peel Region, Hamilton and Windsor-Essex.
All businesses must ensure that any employee who can work from home does so.
Outdoor gatherings are restricted to five people, consistent with the first-wave lockdown rules.
Masks remain mandatory indoors at open businesses or organizations. Masks are also now being recommended outdoors where physical distancing of more than two metres is not possible.
All non-essential retail stores, including hardware stores, alcohol retailers and those offering curbside pickup or delivery, will be forced to close by 8 p.m. ET and open no earlier than 7 a.m. These limits don't apply to stores that primarily sell food, gas stations, pharmacies, convenience stores or restaurants providing take-out or delivery.
Non-essential construction is further restricted, including below-grade construction, exempting survey.
No restrictions on the purchase of non-essential items.
The province says the measures are in effect for all of Ontario and will remain in place until at least Feb. 11.
WATCH | Premier Ford outlines stay-at-home order starting Thursday:
'Inspection blitz,' but no new rules for big-box stores
There were no new restrictions announced for big-box stores, except for an "inspection blitz" that Ford said could result in consequences for stores that don't enforce public health measures.
"I've seen the crazy lineups," he said Tuesday.
WATCH | What you need to know about the stay-at-home order starting Thursday:
Still, groups such as the Canadian Federation of Independent Business call the rules unfair, pointing out stores like Walmart and Costco can continue to sell non-essential goods in-store and through curbside or delivery methods after 8 p.m. while smaller non-essential retailers cannot.
"How this will help stop the spread of COVID-19 is anyone's guess," the organization said in a release. "No other province has locked down small retailers while handing huge competitive advantages to big-box stores."
So what is allowed?
In an 11-point FAQ released Wednesday morning, the province laid out extra details about its new restrictions.
Officials specify that people who are living alone are still allowed to gather exclusively with one other household, which the province says is to "support their mental health and well-being, as well as to ensure those requiring support continue to have access to essential caregivers."
The FAQ also states that people are able to go outside to exercise, which is considered an essential reason to leave home.
As for if you can go to a local playground or basketball court, the province says that people should "consult their local public health unit or municipality to understand what recreational amenities are open in their community."
The FAQ also notes there is no limit on the amount of times or duration of time that people can leave their homes, but does ask that people "use their best judgment when leaving their home for essential reasons."
No commitment on calls for paid sick-leave
Under the emergency measures, the province says it will give provincial and local police, bylaw officers and provincial workplace inspectors the power to ticket those who don't comply with the stay-at-home order, those not complying with mask-wearing rules and retailers who don't enforce those rules.
Not included in Tuesday's announcement was a commitment to providing financial support for employers to provide paid sick days for low-wage and frontline workers — something Toronto and other officials are calling for.
"We aren't going to duplicate areas of support," Ford said, alluding to the federal government's Canada Recovery Sickness Benefit, which provides $500 per week ($450 after taxes are withheld) for up to two weeks to eligible workers.
That benefit pays less than a full-time minimum wage job, involves processing delays of up to four weeks, and doesn't guarantee job security for workers who use it.
There was also no announcement on a ban on residential evictions, though the province did say it "is exploring all options available to put a temporary residential evictions moratorium in place, and will have more to say in the coming days."
You can read the government's full guidelines for yourself in the PDF below: