A wild kangaroo goes swimming in the ocean off the coast of Queensland, Australia. Just a quick dip!
Two weeks ago, Justin Trudeau told Canadians the country was at a "crossroads." On Friday, the prime minister said we were at a "tipping point."Though the metaphors might now be mixed, it's at least clear that the pandemic situation in Canada has become only more precarious over the last two weeks."This second wave is really frustrating for a whole bunch of people who've been through this spring and who don't want to see this happen right now," Trudeau said. "A whole bunch of us would love to see this simply go away. Well, it'll only go away if we all do our part."That's true. We will not awake one day to find that COVID-19 has magically disappeared. It will take a collective effort to mitigate the spread of the virus and, ultimately, eradicate it.But with cases surging again, questions about who is or is not doing their part are unavoidable. And frustrations about a second wave will test the public's willingness to rally behind their leaders, as they did this spring.A predictable calamityIf the second wave in Canada matches or surpasses the first wave — in terms of infections or economic hardship — it will be doubly frustrating because no one can claim to have been surprised by the possibility of a resurgence. The prospect of a second wave in the fall or winter was first discussed and worried over months ago.If governments have any advantage now, it's that they should have a better understanding of how to handle health-related restrictions and the economic supports necessary to get people and businesses through those lockdowns. On that note, Finance Minister Chrystia Freeland rolled out a new rent subsidy for businesses on Friday that the government hopes will be an improvement on the rent assistance program it tried out in the spring.Trudeau suggested Canadians can also draw on the knowledge that the tide of outbreaks can be stemmed. "I know this is discouraging, especially going into Thanksgiving weekend," he said. "But remember this — when things were at their bleakest during the first wave, Canadians pulled together and flattened the curve. We flattened the curve before, we can do it again."But will Canadians be more tempted this time to blame their governments — or each other?The federal Conservatives continue to insist that the new infections in Canada can be blamed on a lack of access to rapid testing for COVID-19 and that the federal government should have moved faster to ensure such tests were available.The utility of rapid testing is a point of debate in the United States. But the Liberals have responded by saying that testing is not a "silver bullet," that rapid tests need to be accurate enough to be useful and that politicians shouldn't be pressuring federal health regulators to make approvals (they also have promised that rapid tests will be distributed this fall).Perhaps — as epidemiologist Colin Furness of the Institute of Health Policy, Management and Evaluation has suggested — Health Canada officials could be less conservative in how they review testing options. But however much rapid tests might help to control the spread of COVID-19 while reopening the economy, it's not obvious that a lack of such tests is to blame for, say, the long lines and backlogs in Ontario.Unless the premiers were told to expect a rollout of rapid tests — something that no one seems to be claiming — provincial governments should have put in place the resources necessary to handle this fall's demand with the existing options.Don't blame the tools, says epidemiologist"Rapid testing is a 'nice to have' but not essential for controlling spread," said Ashleigh Tuite, an epidemiologist at the Dalla Lana School of Public Health in Toronto. "Many other countries are successfully managing the pandemic with the same tools we have access to in Canada."The Trudeau government has responsibility for national agencies like Health Canada and for health care in Indigenous communities, which are also seeing an increase in infections. But Canada is (to its endless frustration and benefit) a federation and the vast majority of health policy is set by the provinces."I think most of the responsibility for the current situation falls to the individual provinces [and] territories," said Tuite. "The management and response has varied tremendously across the country and we see that in the very different outcomes."The federal government provided $21 billion to the provinces to assist a "safe restart" this fall — but the prime minister ignored a reporter's suggestion on Friday that perhaps he could invoke the Emergencies Act to take over authority where provinces are struggling to contain COVID-19.WATCH / Ontario Premier Doug Ford announces pandemic shutdownsIn Ontario, Premier Doug Ford is facing many questions about how his government has managed the situation and communicated with the public. In that province, the low reported case numbers and the move to reopen bars and restaurants over the summer "telegraphed to the whole population that there's no problem," said Furness, who also argues the Ford government has been more "reactive" than proactive.Reopening the economy to some extent might have been necessary, and perhaps some kind of second wave was inevitable; countries across Europe are reporting significant new outbreaks. But it's not clear that the reopening has been done with due care.At the same time, the small business lobby is now describing Ontario's new restrictions as a "crushing blow" and it remains to be seen how much "pandemic fatigue" or anti-lockdown agitation will complicate any efforts to reverse course now.Trudeau has nothing to gain from criticizing any other level of government — he can't claim to have done everything perfectly over the last seven months and it doesn't do anyone any good to have governments battling or casting doubt on each other in a crisis. Trudeau might have to deal with the consequences of economic disruption or unhappy citizens, but he can only offer federal support and hope that other levels of government succeed.This spring was hard, but the hardest thing to think about might have been something few of us wanted to face — the idea that it was not going to get much easier, at least not for a while. Furness said he believes we might be only at the start of a second, bigger wave.But if the country has come to the crossroads — or a tipping point — so have its leaders. And the test of leadership now might be even harder than it was in the spring, as a crisis we might have allowed ourselves to think was getting better suddenly becomes worse again.
It's a quirky rule that has confounded many people: while the Canada-U.S. land border is closed to non-essential traffic due to the COVID-19 pandemic, Canadians can still fly to the United States for leisure travel. "It's like having your front door locked but your back door wide open," said U.S. immigration lawyer Len Saunders, whose office sits close to the Canadian border in Blaine, Wash."It just doesn't make sense."To add to the confusion, the flying rule isn't reciprocal: Canada bars American travellers from entering by any mode of transport, unless they get a special exemption. Saunders said he has been bombarded with calls from Canadians during the border closure inquiring about flying to the U.S."People are still calling me saying, 'I just want to clarify that this is OK. And why can I fly, but I can't drive?'"CBC News asked the U.S. government that same question, but didn't get a response. Foreign relations expert Edward Alden suggests the reason why Canadians can still fly to the U.S. may be rooted in the fact that, compared to Canada, the U.S. has less stringent travel restrictions for air passengers."The measures in the United States are just across the board far more relaxed," said Alden, a professor of U.S.-Canada economic relations at Western Washington University in Bellingham, Wash."[It's] certainly one of the reasons we have higher [COVID-19] case numbers."'I could have walked'To help stop the spread of COVID-19, Canada and the U.S. agreed in late March to close their shared land border to non-essential travel.Since then, many Canadians have flown to the U.S, after discovering that it's still allowed. But the flying exemption has also sparked bewilderment.Birgit Heinbach lives in Surrey, B.C., just seven kilometres from her American husband's home across the border in Blaine, Wash.Because she can currently only fly to the U.S., Heinbach said it took seven hours and two flights — from Vancouver to Seattle and then Seattle to Bellingham — to get to her husband's home when she visited him in July. "The whole thing was ridiculous," she said. "I could have walked in my own little shoes — in 45 minutes — to my husband's house."Canadian snowbird Tamara Carmichael lives in a non-winterized mobile home in Leduc, Alta., in the summer. Her winter home sits in an RV park in Yuma, Ariz.Although Carmichael can still fly to the U.S. this winter, she said that's not an option because she needs her truck to get around in Yuma, and can't afford the fee — upwards of $1,500 — to ship it. She argues the U.S. flying exemption is nonsensical because driving is a much safer way to travel during the pandemic."Sticking everybody on an airplane is not a solution," said Carmichael. "You're packed into a tin can with a bunch of other people."According to a U.S. government document, it sanctioned the land border closure because "non-essential travel between the United States and Canada poses additional risk of [COVID-19] transmission."CBC News asked several U.S. government departments and agencies why the government still welcomes Canadian air passengers. The Department of Transportation and Customs and Border Protection (CBP) referred CBC to the Department of Homeland Security's main office. That office and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention referred CBC to CBP.No one provided an answer, despite repeated inquiries.Experts offer theoriesAlden theorizes that Canada — which has strict travel restrictions — prompted the land border closure, and that while the U.S. agreed, it had no desire to take it further. Canada has restricted most foreigners from entering the country by any mode of travel during the pandemic. But foreigners can still fly to the U.S. as long as they haven't visited Brazil, China, Iran, Ireland, the U.K. or 26 European countries in the Schengen Area 14 days prior. Canada was never added to that no-fly list. Neither was Mexico, even though Mexico and the U.S. have also agreed to close their shared land border to non-essential travel. "Generally, the United States has a much looser regime in terms of trying to keep out travellers," said Alden. "They don't see casual travellers as much of a threat, because they're worried about drugs and illegal migrants and terrorism."WATCH | U.S. President Donald Trump tells people not to fear the coronavirus:Alden also said that the U.S. may have reasoned it would be too cumbersome for the country's airlines to weed out the non-essential travellers if the country expanded its land border bans to air passengers."If you were going to make distinctions between essential and non-essential travellers, the airlines were going to have to be involved in some way."Lawyer Saunders said he spoke this week with a senior U.S. CBP official who believes the U.S. still welcomes Canadian air passengers due to pressure from U.S. airlines to keep flights in operation."He said the airline industries would have lobbied hard when they were drafting this border closure," said Saunders.But the actual reason why Canadians can fly to the U.S. remains a mystery — until and unless its government offers an explanation.
A 3.5-metre great white shark caused some concern on P.E.I. Saturday morning when data from the research organization Ocearch appeared to show it far down the Hillsborough River.Ocearch Chris Fischer said it was a satellite issue and the shark was actually close to the shoreline on the north shore.The 334-kilogram shark, named Bluenose, was tagged last year off Nova Scotia by Ocearch, a non-profit research organization that generates tracking data and does biological studies for large predators like great whites.Fischer said the group noticed "ping" from the unusual location on the Hillsborough River on Saturday morning and began investigating."The shark appeared to be just up and down very quickly and the satellite was struggling to get a lock on the tag, so we removed the ping from the river. We believe the animal is just tight to the beach there on the north shore of P.E.I. not too far away from its location."Fischer said it usually has to do with location of the satellites over a particular region and happens once or twice a year."Occasionally it will place a ping in a place like this, which we always then drill down into the data to determine the accuracy because it affects so many people," he said."We don't want people to be alarmed."He said there have been instances when white sharks have gone far down rivers, but it's usually when an event like a "bait run" is occurring or there is a large amount of biomass in the area."So it does happen, but it doesn't appear to be happening in this particular case."More from CBC P.E.I.
Yellowknifer Eric McNair-Landry lives in an unusual home.It was designed by architect Gino Pin and locally, it's known as the "eraser house."In the 1970s, Pin convinced the city to sell him a lot on a cliff, upon which he built a multi-story house. The steps to the first floor are at a sharp angle and the stairwell has a switchback.So when McNair-Landry considered the prospect of getting his grandfather's upright piano — a family heirloom — to the third floor, he carefully weighed the options."One would be to lose all my friends trying to get them to take it up the stairwell here," he said."A crane wouldn't work, and even with boom extenders, it wouldn't have been possible to lift the piano."The 'only way up'That's when he had to make an unconventional choice.He and his family rented a helicopter which cost them around $2,000, the rough price per hour of renting the aircraft.On Thursday, a pilot from Great Slave Helicopters delivered the heirloom."This was kind of the only way up," he said.The pilot was right on target, landing his cargo metres from the house.Workers in hard hats guided the helicopter onto a small landing platform — the family's back deck. The piano was packaged up in a wooden crate, which McNair-Landry's friends disassembled before lifting the piano onto the top floor.Watch the piano get airlifted to the family's cliff-side home in Yellowknife:McNair-Landry and his family watched from the rocks behind their house as the downwash shook the trees. His young child looked upon the scene in awe.He says the family is still waiting for the final bill, but the landing went off without a hitch.Not its first moveThe piano is well travelled. It was moved from New Hampshire, U.S.A., to New Brunswick to Yellowknife.Asked why he went to such great lengths to move it, McNair-Landry said, "this has got a lot of family history and it's hard to replace that."His grandfather would have purchased it from Steinway and Sons in Boston, he says.McNair-Landry says he hopes the piano will stay where it is and that they won't have to move it ever again.
A 10-year-old from West Vancouver raised over $20,000 to buy a car for a family injured in a violent crash on the Sea-to-Sky Highway last month.Jonathan Yeung spent several hours over the past month calling friends, relatives and local businesses asking for money for the family, who were all injured when a Lamborghini and Range Rover spun out of control on the highway up to Whistler on Sept. 5.Everyone involved in the crash, including two children, were taken to hospital. The drivers of the Lamborghini, as well as a Range Rover that was part of the rally, are under investigation and police are considering criminal charges."Two kids were badly hurt and they were my age," said Yeung, who is 10 years old. "I was very sad and shocked that this happened to them."Yeung spent over four weeks fundraising for the family, whom he had never met in person. He got to meet them for the first time Friday afternoon when he handed them the keys to a pre-owned Volkswagen at a dealership in Burnaby. The family declined an interview but said in a statement to CBC News that they had immense appreciation for Yeung's act of kindness, generosity, and empathy."It takes an incredibly generous and kind person to donate for some stranger, especially in times like this," the statement read.The family was in awe when Yeung pulled the black cover off their new car, which was waiting at the dealership for them. They told CBC all four of them are recovering slowly but feeling much better.'It could've been anyone'Yeung said he felt the urge to help when he saw the pictures of the crash in a news story his dad showed him."It could've been anyone ... It could've been my dad [because] we always take that road and now I'm on the ski team, so we're gonna take that road often," he said.His father, Kevin Yeung, said his son isn't new to the world of fundraising, having led and participated in several other charitable causes before this one."It's not that smooth sailing," Kevin said. "It's not like he has a bunch of followers [on social media]... it's really been lots of calls, lots of emails.""Sometimes they rejected me, but that doesn't stop me, because I care about my mission to help," added Jonathan.The car will be helpful to the recipient family.They said in their statement that because they did not have optional car insurance they were unable to expense a rental car while the police hold their vehicle for the crash investigation, a process that could take months.
Prime Minister Justin Trudeau wished U.S. President Donald Trump and his wife, Melania Trump, well during a phone call on Saturday, following news of the couple's COVID-19 diagnosis last week."The prime minister also recalled the president's expressions of concern for Sophie Grégoire Trudeau's health after her COVID-19 diagnosis last March," a readout from the Prime Minister's Office said.In early April, Melania Trump also called Grégoire Trudeau following her recovery from the illness.A source with knowledge of the call who spoke confidentially to CBC News said Trudeau reached out to Trump after his diagnosis was made public, but the call was delayed by the president's visit to Walter Reed National Military Medical Center.According to the readout, the two leaders also discussed efforts to keep citizens on both sides of the Canada-U.S. border safe. The source said border restrictions between the two countries — which have been in place since March to limit the spread of the novel coronavirus — did not come up in the conversation.WATCH / Trudeau on Trump testing positive for COVID-19:Engagement on efforts to free Kovrig, Spavor: sourceDuring the call, the prime minister also thanked Trump for his support "in seeking the immediate release" of detained Canadians Michael Kovrig and Michael Spavor, the PMO said. Kovrig and Spavor were detained in China in December 2018, days after Huawei executive Meng Wanzhou was arrested in Vancouver. Meng was arrested at the request of U.S. authorities, who allege that she violated U.S. sanctions on doing business with Iran.The source told CBC News that there has been engagement between Canada and the U.S. in recent weeks on the push to get the pair freed.According to the source, Kirsten Hillman, Canada's ambassador to the U.S., has raised the matter with the White House and has spoken to U.S. national security adviser Robert O'Brien. The phone call comes as Dominic Barton, Canada's ambassador to China, was granted "virtual consular access" to Kovrig and Spavor — the first access the men have received since January. Global Affairs Canada said Barton connected with Spavor on Friday and Kovrig on Saturday.In August, Foreign Affairs Minister François-Philippe Champagne said that COVID-19 had complicated providing consular access to the men and suggested a virtual alternative.
For months, Ryan Imgrund has meticulously tracked the ebbs and flows of coronavirus transmission in Ontario.New weekly COVID-19 cases per capita. Infections tied to community transmission. The shifts in impacted regions and age groups.After the Civic Holiday weekend in early August, one rising metric stood out to the biostatistician: The virus's Rt value — the number of cases linked to every primary infection — went above 1.0 after a summer lull. It signalled a shift to exponential growth, where every one person carrying the virus could infect 1.1 more, and so on. "That's when my alarm bells started going off," said Imgrund, who works at Southlake Regional Health Centre in Newmarket, Ont.. As the weeks passed and summer turned to fall, those alarms rang louder and louder. Clinicians, epidemiologists and hospital leaders all started sharing other concerning metrics — including rising demand for testing, spikes in hospital admissions, long-term care outbreaks — and pushed Ontario to take action.But it wasn't until Friday that provincial health officials announced a sweeping rollback to earlier restrictions for the hot zones of Toronto, Peel Region and Ottawa, including the closing of restaurants, gyms, movie theatres, casinos and other indoor gathering spots.A bid to curb runaway case growth before yet another holiday weekend, the move came the same day Ontario reported a new record high of more than 900 COVID-19 cases.So why now? Why not take action on Thursday, when critical-care physicians flagged a one-day spike in ICU admissions not seen since early June?Why not a week ago, when Toronto's medical officer of health called for indoor dining and fitness centre closures to stop "exponential growth" in infections?Why not in early October, after the province's own modelling data projected 1,000 new cases each day?Why not sometime in September, when cases and hospitalizations were rising while new infections shifted from mostly younger adults to more older, vulnerable Ontarians?Why not back in August, when the reproductive number Imgrund kept tracking hit the tipping point for case growth — an early signal of trouble to come?"A couple weeks ago, we didn't see these numbers," Premier Doug Ford told reporters on Friday, referring to this week's record-breaking case growth, which spiked despite lagging testing data and a hefty processing backlog."We saw them creep up, creep up, and then, over a day or two — bang — they doubled."WATCH | Ontario premier's changing message on COVID-19:Ford said closing businesses wasn't an easy decision and involved balancing both public health and the economy. He also said not acting would leave the province in "worse shape" down the road."But it's not too late, folks," the premier said.Others worry there's been a dangerous delay.Cases shifting to older adults"I think we're two to four weeks too late," warned physician epidemiologist Dr. Nitin Mohan, a partner at ETIO Public Health Consultants and adjunct professor at Western University in London, Ont."And frankly, even delaying a week we're going to see unnecessary cases and deaths," said Dr. Samir Sinha, director of geriatrics at Sinai Health in Toronto.That's because the concerning metrics of today foreshadow worse problems to come, and there's no going back in time to change the past.According to Imgrund's data analysis, the number of new cases reported among adults over 60 has tripled over the last month. The finding suggests more vulnerable seniors could soon be facing serious forms of COVID-19 as their illnesses progress, including hundreds of residents — and staff — infected amid outbreaks in long-term care.Hospitalizations of COVID-19 patients over the last three weeks have also increased 250 per cent, the province revealed on Friday, while the number of intensive care unit beds being occupied is expected to cross the 150-bed threshold within the next 30 days. "This will have a direct, negative impact on the ability of some hospitals to provide access to other vital surgeries and procedures," Anthony Dale, president and CEO of the Ontario Hospital Association said following Friday's announcement.And while Mohan said the restrictions are a "step in the right direction," it will take some time before the impact is clear — with many recently infected Ontarians set to become sicker as the days pass."We've now created a situation in the province where we're going to have weeks of hardship," said Dr. Nathan Stall, a geriatrician at Mount Sinai Hospital. "The damage still needs to be mopped up."Ontario aiming to avoid full lockdownTo provincial officials, bringing Ontario back to a cleaner state involves curbing case growth enough to not only avoid an overwhelmed health-care system but also a lengthy lockdown.Health Minister Christine Elliott told reporters on Friday that rolling back to earlier restrictions now is a better bet than waiting until the situation "spirals out of control."Given that the risk that could still occur, Mohan said officials need to refocus their communication to the public during this next phase of the pandemic, since even with targeted restrictions, the takeaway for Ontarians may remain unclear, and enforcement could be a challenge.The closures apply to Toronto and Peel but not to the neighbouring regions of Halton and York; the province is pushing residents to avoid non-essential outings and has halted indoor dining in the three hot zones, yet patios can remain open."What we should be doing is providing these businesses with additional support to help them close down safely so we can curb the spread of the virus and drive case counts low," Mohan said. "If we take this sort of half-step approach, then we can't expect the results we really need to see."Ford said the province is investing millions of dollars to help businesses with fixed costs, including property taxes and hydro and gas bills, while the federal government announced targeted aid, including rent relief for some businesses hit by shutdowns.The question after weeks of alarming metrics and, for many, even more alarming inaction is whether all of the efforts will be enough to bring Ontario back from the edge of disaster."Have we missed the opportunity?" Stall said. "I still think we can control this — we can deal with this — but it's going to delay things."How damaging that delay proves to be only time will tell.
Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas met with World Jewish Congress President Ronald Lauder in the West Bank on Saturday, a Palestinian minister said, following a call by Lauder for Palestinians to revive peace talks with Israel. Lauder, a U.S. businessman who also met Abbas a year ago in New York, attended the Sept. 15 White House signing ceremony of an agreement between Israel and the United Arab Emirates and Bahrain to forge formal ties.
MISSISSAUGA, Ont. — An Ontario man with previous impaired driving convictions is facing charges related to a fatal three-car crash that left a 19-year-old dead on Saturday. Peel Regional Police say they were called to the scene of the collision in Mississauga shortly after midnight on Saturday. The young man was pronounced dead at the scene. Police say one of the drivers was arrested after he tried to flee the scene on foot. The man was taken to a hospital with non-life threatening injuries, along with another passenger in his car, and two other people were treated by paramedics at the scene for minor injuries. Police say the arrested driver, Peter Simms of Orangeville, Ont., now faces charges including operation while impaired causing death and failure to stop after an accident resulting in death. He appeared in court later on Saturday. Police say Simms has two previous impaired driving convictions. The investigation is continuing. This report by The Canadian Press was first published Oct. 10, 2020. The Canadian Press
Molly McGrath had always wanted a pet pig — and this summer, one fell from the sky. At least, that's what they believe likely happened. McGrath works at a veterinary clinic, and a couple found a tiny piglet on a rural dirt road and brought her to the clinic for surrender. The vet said the piglet was newly born and had little chance of survival. She weighed less than 400 grams, just 0.87 pounds.McGrath, who with her family runs South Shore Soaps on a small farm with 20 goats in DeSable, P.E.I., wanted to give the piglet a chance. "The vet did give her a grave prognosis," McGrath said. "The umbilical cord was still attached, so we weren't sure if she had received colostrum from the mum yet." Colostrum is the first form of milk produced by the mother and contains antibodies to protect against disease and infection."It was literally hour by hour the first few days," she said. Family members took turns getting up every two hours around the clock to feed Lilith goat's milk and goat's colostrum."Luckily, I have a teenager who loves to be up most of the night," McGrath said. "It was really a family event." The vet continued to check on Lilith, and after the fist week gave a guarded thumbs-up to the piglet's chances of survival. Scooped up by a bird? That was 12 weeks ago. Lilith is now thriving and living in the McGraths' house. They're still not sure exactly what breed Lilith is, except that she is a miniature.And they're still not sure where she came from. McGrath said the people who found her said they'd searched the area and knocked on doors for a couple of days but didn't find anyone who knew anything about a miniature pig or even kept pigs. "We think that she may have been scooped up by a bird of some sort and then dropped," McGrath said. "Fortunately, her rescuers were at the right place at the right time." It looks like fate chose the right hands for Lilith to fall into. McGrath had already researched how to look after pot-bellied pigs. She also knew a breeder in Ontario, who helped advise her on caring for a newborn. "I like to help wherever I can, especially with animals," McGrath said. "And then, it pulled at my heartstrings seeing this poor little thing.… Everything for a reason, I guess."Like a puppy but 'smarter'Lilith has become South Shore Soap's mascot — a little ironic, since the soap is made with milk from the family's goats. She's also a bit of a scamp. For instance, when the family had the dishwasher open recently, she tried to climb up on the door to lick the dinner plates. "They are so intelligent, so smart," McGrath enthused. "You need to stay one step ahead."It's like having a puppy except, I think, a lot smarter," she said, noting it only took about three days to potty train Lilith. "She's really good at asking at the back door to go out." 'Squeaking at the door'Lilith sleeps at night and naps in a dog crate, and runs freely in the house with the family's other pets during the day, eating mini pig pellets from a dish on the floor as well as fruits and vegetables. She also likes to go outside."She does not like the cold, so she's squeaking at the door wanting back in pretty quickly," McGrath said. McGrath said she is planning not only a product line around Lilith — Hogwash, anyone? — but also a children's book and a puzzle from a local puzzle creator. "Why not celebrate a little miracle? A good news story, for a change," she said. She estimates Lilith will grow to be about 27 kilograms, or 60 pounds. And she said she can't imagine what she'd do if someone came along to claim Lilith."She has grown quite attached to us, and us to her," McGrath said. More from CBC P.E.I.
New research into the diets of dogs who lived on the coast of Vancouver Island has shed new light on the pre-colonial history of the Tseshaht First Nation. Over the past few years, the Tseshaht First Nation has collaborated with scientists and archaeologists to investigate its history, said Darrell Ross, a member of the nation and manager of its natural resources."Archaeology shows deep, unequivocal indication of large populations of Tseshaht who have been in Barkley Sound for thousands of years," said Ross to host Kathryn Marlow on CBC's All Points West.The latest research, detailed in a newly published paper by University of Victoria archaeology student Dylan Hillis, is about the diet of wool dogs that once lived with the nation. The small dogs had thick white fur, very similar to sheep's wool. These dogs were really important for producing wool for the local economy, Hillis explained, with their fur an essential component of ceremonial blankets and other regalia.After contact with European traders and the introduction of cheaper sheep's wool from the Hudson's Bay Company, however, the wool dogs disappeared as a distinct breed. "To keep these dogs pure and have a good supply of wool, you had to keep them isolated from interbreeding with other types of dogs who were later introduced," Hillis said.Diets of dogs almost exclusively marine The dogs that Hillis studied were from between 300 and 3,000 years ago. The diet of the dogs, which was revealed through isotopic analysis, showed that they consumed an almost exclusively marine diet — including salmon, herring and anchovy as well as larger marine mammals like seal and whale."The dogs weren't going out and catching these foods themselves, they were reliant upon Tseshaht people to be out and fishing to supply the food," Hillis said. The data can shed light on not only Tseshaht First Nation fishing practices, but also their animal husbandry practices and the cultural significance of their companion dogs. For Ross, archaeological studies like this one complement Tseshaht First Nation oral history and spiritual traditions."Every time we do something in archaeology, another piece of the puzzle comes forward and that's important to us." Listen to the interview on All Points West here:
Ontario is reporting 809 new cases and seven more deaths of COVID-19 on Saturday, the day that new restrictions take effect in three areas of the province.The total number of people who have died of COVID-19 in Ontario now stands at 3,004. The new restrictions have been imposed in Toronto, Peel Region and Ottawa.A total of 213 people are hospitalized, with 48 in intensive care units and 29 in those units on ventilators.Of the newly reported cases, Toronto had 358, Peel Region had 123, Ottawa had 94 and York Region had 76, Ontario Health Minister Christine Elliott said in a tweet on Saturday.A total of 700 more cases of the novel coronavirus are now marked as resolved, bringing the total number of resolved cases to 49,732.Ontario's total of cases since the outbreak began in January, or cumulative total, is 58,490 as of Saturday.The province's network of labs completed 44,298 tests on Friday.According to Ontario's status of cases webpage, more women than men have died of the novel coronavirus. A total of 1,598 women have died, while 1,373 men have died.Restrictions aimed at bringing numbers downThe latest case count comes a day after the Ontario government announced it had to take action to bring rising numbers of COVID-19 infections under control.Premier Doug Ford said the government had little choice, even though he had argued for some time that he hadn't seen enough data to justify stronger measures. Information presented to him by his health advisors on Thursday evening changed his mind, he said."All trends are going in the wrong direction," Ford said. "Left unchecked, we risk worse case scenarios first seen in Italy and New York City."As of Saturday, indoor dining at restaurants and bars in the three hot spot regions are prohibited, while gyms, movie theatres and casinos are closed. The measures are in place for at least 28 days.The government is also asking all Ontarians to leave their homes only for essential purposes. Schools and places of worship remain open across the province.'These aren't normal times,' premier saysIn a news release on Saturday, Ford urged all Ontario residents to celebrate Thanksgiving with members of their immediate households only. If a person lives alone, that person may join another household, Ford said.The premier said "these aren't normal times," and residents have to make adjustments. "On the advice of the chief medical officer of health, it's not enough to limit the size of Thanksgiving gatherings to 10 people or less. We must all do our part to keep gathering sizes small by sticking to our immediate households," Ford said."If you live alone, you may join one other household to ensure no one is alone or isolated this holiday season, but please take the necessary precautions to keep gatherings small."Dr. Eileen de Villa, Toronto's medical officer of health, had slightly different advice on Friday in her remarks to reporters, saying people who live alone should connect virtually with loved ones on Thanksgiving."My advice is that you are safest spending Thanksgiving only with the people you live with in your home. That isn't an easy ask of people who live alone and I'm sorry that I have to ask it. But if at all possible, connect virtually rather than in person," De Villa said.Here are a list of the measures that take effect Saturday for at least 28 days: * A ban on indoor food and drink services in restaurants, bars, nightclubs and other food-and-drink establishments. * Closure of indoor gyms and fitness centres, casinos, bingo halls, indoor cinemas and performing arts centres. * Closure of interactive exhibits in museums, galleries, zoos and science centres. * A limit of 10 people indoors and 25 people outdoors where physical distancing can be maintained for all social gatherings and organized public events. * A ban on personal care services that require face coverings to be removed, such as beard trimming and makeup application. * Limiting team sports to training sessions. * Reducing real estate open houses to 10 people indoors, where physical distancing can be maintained.
Many seniors in Nova Scotia looking for greater protection from the seasonal flu than a regular shot provides will continue to have to pay for it themselves. A high-dose flu vaccine has been available for four years and offers more of an immune boost than the regular vaccine. The vaccine is manufactured by Sanofi Pasteur Inc. CBC checks indicate the retail price per dose ranges from $60 to $100 in Nova Scotia. The province is providing the vaccine to residents of long-term care facilities but other seniors will have to pay.Bill VanGorder of CARP says it's a puzzling distinction."CARP does not understand why the high-dose [vaccine] isn't available to all at-risk seniors in the entire province," he said. "P.E.I. makes it available to all their seniors. We already put it in our long-term care homes, so we know that it's effective."He said the COVID-19 pandemic makes it all the more important for seniors to protect their immune systems. "We know that people, seniors, are in a high-risk category," he said. "If they get COVID, it's extremely dangerous to them. If they already have the regular flu … then they're going to be even in a worse position."The province says the current policy addresses the most vulnerable seniors."Residents aged 65 years and older within these facilities are at an increased risk of influenza and influenza related complications due to age, compromised health status and institutional living environment," the Department of Health and Wellness said in a statement.It said seniors who are outside care facilities can "choose to purchase the high-dose version through a healthcare provider."Diane Harpell of the Pharmacy Association of Nova Scotia said seniors who may have to purchase the high-dose vaccine also face an availability problem because it is not part of the public supply."So, it is challenging right now to get any supply of high-dose [vaccine]," she said. "So, right now, you're running into issues … where there's not a lot of it available."She said if pharmacists had access to a public supply of the high-dose vaccine they would "absolutely be ready to provide that service to seniors."VanGorder said expecting seniors, many of whom are on a fixed income, to shoulder the expense of protecting themselves is unreasonable and unfair. "if you're on a fixed income, any amount of extra money that you have to pay is a real problem because then you have to make choices, " he said. "If you don't have the money to pay for it, then it's not available to you."Harpell said the vaccine "isn't cheap" and seniors would also have to pay an administration fee that ranges from $15 to $25. She noted the regular flu vaccine is still available for seniors who are not able to obtain or afford the high-dose flu shot. She said seniors should check with their health-care provider or pharmacist about options. Pharmacy association would back programShe said the pharmacy association would support a government-funded program to provide the high-dose vaccine to everyone over 65 who wants it. "We would absolutely be in favour of providing that," she said. "The key thing that you need to remember, and this is with supply of anything … we need to make sure that [the] supply chain is supported."VanGorder believes the province's indication that it has no immediate plans to change its current strategy is based on politics and finances and not the recommendations of health officials."This is another evidence of ageism in our province," he said.MORE TOP STORIES
Iran does not at this stage have enough enriched uranium to make one nuclear bomb under the U.N. atomic watchdog's official definition, the agency's head told an Austrian paper. Iran denies ever having had a nuclear weapons programme, saying its nuclear programme is purely for energy purposes.
One person is dead, a man and a woman are seriously injured and the injured man has been taken into custody after a crash in Mississauga overnight, Peel police say.The crash involving three vehicles happened near the intersection of Mineola Road and Hurontario Street. Emergency crews were called to the road shortly after midnight.Peel Regional Police, Mississauga Fire and Emergency Services and Peel Regional Paramedic Services all attended.One person was pronounced dead at the scene, Const. Heather Cannon told reporters at the scene early Saturday. Police have not released the person's sex or age and are still notifying next of kin.The person who died was the sole occupant of his or her vehicle.A man and a woman, who were in another vehicle, were seriously injured in the crash. The man has been taken into custody, but Cannon declined to say what kind of charges he may be facing.The man and the woman were taken to a local hospital with serious but non-life-threatening injuries.A man and woman in a third vehicle were treated at the scene for minor injuries, Cannon said.Police are appealing for anyone with information to come forward. Local residents who may have seen something, or passing drivers with dashboard camera video, are urged to contact Peel police's major collision bureau.Hurontario Street, which was closed to allow officers to investigate, has reopened in both directions from Mineola Road.
Friends of an elderly Toronto man who's lived in his Parkdale apartment for 45 years fear he's in the process of getting tossed out of his home due to new mobility issues, because he can't afford the solution his landlord is offering him. George Morrison, 77, suffered a heart attack Aug. 23, according to his neighbour Emina Gamulin, and is no longer able to climb the stairs to his third floor unit at 1475 King St. W."We don't think George should be punished because he now has a disability," said Gamulin, who is also a member of the tenants' committee in the building. Since there is no elevator in the heritage apartment building, the tenants are advocating for Morrison to be moved from his two-bedroom third-floor unit to a vacant one-bedroom unit on the first floor, and they say since he's on a fixed income, the rent should remain at $1,000. "This outcome would be in his best interest," wrote a social worker in the cardiology department at Mount Sinai Hospital where Morrison is being treated. In the letter obtained by CBC Toronto, the social worker noted Morrison's "limited income" and new "mobility issues." CBC News asked to interview Morrison about his plight, but was told by his friends he's still recovering and isn't able to respond.Golden Equity, the company that owns the apartment building, said market rent for that one-bedroom unit is $1,650 but they will let Morrison live there for $1,250 and have given him a deadline of this week to decide. "I think it's just too much money for George ... None of this is his fault," Gamulin said. "It's really upsetting, as we know COVID cases are rising again and I think by denying this request they're basically evicting George. It's an eviction by another name," an allegation Golden Equity denies, saying it is offering "more than a reasonable accommodation" to meed Morrison's needs.'Moderate increase' is 'reasonable,' landlord's lawyer says "I don't regard it as any eviction, because it is Mr. Morrison who's wishing to move," said Ian Copnick, the lawyer representing Golden Equity. The company has "met him more than half way," said Copnick, by allowing him to move to the first-floor unit at a "moderate" increase in his rent."If he cannot live in the unit upstairs and if he simply cannot pay for the unit downstairs with that moderate increase, which again is much less than what that is worth right now, then yes, maybe he will have to seek alternate living arrangements or see if he's eligible for further social assistance," Copnick said. "I believe that my client is offering more than a reasonable accommodation to Mr Morrison. They certainly sympathize with Mr Morrison's situation but I don't think it's reasonable to place the entire financial burden of Mr Morrison's new situation on the building," said Copnick. Senior forced into 'impossible situation'Cole Webber, with Parkdale Community Legal Services, points out that the $1,250, rent for the one-bedroom first-floor unit is 25 per cent higher than Morrison pays right now. Morrison has lived in the building for more than four decades and there are rent controls in Ontario, which is why he is paying $1,000 a month in rent. Webber argues that rent control should carry over to the first-floor unit given Morrison has to move there because of a disability."This is his home, it's where he's made a life and where he's grown old," said Webber. "It's the right and decent thing for Golden Equity to do, to transfer him to the new unit at the same rent." Once Morrison is out of the third-floor unit, Golden Equity will be able to repair it and be able to charge much more, said Webber, ensuring "they will make a profit, regardless."He said the "pressure tactic" requiring a decision from Morrison this week — while still recovering in hospital — is forcing the senior "into an impossible situation." "This is a multi-million-dollar corporation and the tenant is a pensioner on a fixed income. The landlord has the chance to do what is reasonable and what is decent, so I think they should take the opportunity to do that," Webber said. 'It could be the Ritz Hotel, and it doesn't matter,' landlord says Video and pictures of Morrison's unit shared with CBC Toronto by the group of tenants show extensive repairs are required, including a hole in the ceiling of Morrison's shower.The unit will "not be left in that fashion," said Copnick on behalf of Golden Equity, and he said it is "regrettable" that Morrison "never advised them of items that needed repair" prior to his hospitalization. CBC Toronto has viewed two maintenance requests with Morrison's signature dated prior to his hospitalization.One dated Jan. 21, 2020, notes a leak in the bathroom ceiling, and pest control required in the kitchen. Another maintenance request dated Aug. 14, 2020 notes "part of the ceiling fell down due to the leak" among other problems.The lawyer representing the landlord said they never received those requests, and emphasized the state of disrepair of the unit is a separate issue. "It does not make a difference what condition his current unit is, it could be the Ritz Hotel and it doesn't matter; he can't climb the stairs and the building doesn't have an elevator." Check in on vulnerable tenants amid pandemic Gamulin argues Morrison's individual repair request was folded into a larger package of tenant issues presented to the landlord back in March, and she says the treatment of Morrison is indicative of what she calls a bigger problem with the company. "I suppose that they are trying to cover up for the situation, obviously it's not a great look for them that they ignored these requests," Gamulin said. "These are not minor things ... This is not the dried caulking in my bathroom, this is serious stuff that they should have been on top of immediately and the fact that they didn't do anything about it is seriously negligent." Her wider message is to check in on seniors, especially now during the pandemic, when they are particularly vulnerable and need secure housing. "Find out what's going on with your vulnerable neighbours and get organized, because I really doubt that we're the only building where this is happening and I doubt George is the only tenant facing this situation."
It's Thanksgiving weekend and a long one for many on Prince Edward Island. How will you use the extra time? Conservationists are urging people not to rake their leaves, so maybe you'll be skipping that task? Meanwhile, there's been a huge demand for bulbs to plant now for spring flowers, so maybe you'll be getting your hands dirty in the garden. Here are a few more ideas for fun things to do this weekend. 1\. Scarecrows in the CityCharlottetown has decorated its streets with 300 scarecrows. Some are funny, others are actually scary! Discover Charlottetown asked P.E.I. artists to create some of the displays, and encouraged city residents to put up their own too.The festival runs Oct. 9-18 and is designed to bring people downtown to shop, eat and visit. For more info, check out the event's Facebook page.2\. Melissa MacKenzie at the TrailsideMelissa MacKenzie is a performer, creator and activist from P.E.I. who tells stories through song and acting. Her show is called Good Girl, and was first presented at 120 Diner in Toronto in February. She'll be on stage at the Trailside at the new Arts Hotel in Charlottetown Sunday evening at 8 with flutist Morgan Saulnier and other special guests.Tickets are $20 plus taxes and fees and are available here.3\. Gustav the Snow ChefEpisode 2 of Short Film Face Off premieres Saturday on CBC, and P.E.I.-made Gustav, The Snow Chef is one of the three films being showcased that night. It was directed by Kelly Caseley.The show is based in Halifax and is hosted by Steve Patterson of The Debaters fame. The series features nine Canadian films and the winner, which gets a sweet production deal for a future film, is chosen by the audience.You won't quite know what's happening as Chef Gustav (well-known Island actor Graham Putnam) presents his delicious creations — all made from snow — to eager diners. Download the free CBC Gem app to watch on any device, or watch on CBC television. Actually, you can watch it here in this story, but then you wouldn't get to see what the celebrity judges think of it.More details on the show's Facebook and Twitter pages.4\. Feelin' Mighty Proud The Confederation Centre has been talking up this production all summer and it's finally ready. Feelin' Mighty Proud is a one-hour broadcast celebrating the legacy of P.E.I.'s most famous red-headed orphan, Anne of Green Gables. Directed by the centre's Adam Brazier with Jason Rogerson, the special was filmed on P.E.I. this summer using many locations that were dear to author L.M. Montgomery or are part of the lore of Anne. There are special appearances by Amybeth McNulty and R.H. Thompson from Anne with an E; Gracie Finley and Glenda Landry, who played Anne and Diana for several years on stage, and the current Anne with The Charlottetown Festival, Emma Rudy.There are new versions of songs from the musical by Lennie Gallant, Vishten, Meaghan Blanchard, Ava and Lily Rashed, and more.Watch it for free on the Confederation Centre's Facebook page starting Sunday at 9 p.m., or on Eastlink Community TV Channel 10. 5\. Butter Tart TourYes, you read that right — a butter tart tour!Oct. 5-11, the idea is to visit bakeries and restaurants on P.E.I., who'll be stocked up and ready to showcase their tiny tarts of buttery goodness. "It's the next best thing to Anne of Green Gables on Prince Edward Island," says organizer Erin Davis. For participating bakeries and some mouth-watering photos of their offerings, visit the tour's Facebook page.6\. The Great Canadian Hike If you need to get moving after the butter tart extravaganza, join in The Great Canadian Hike, happening until the end of October. It's a new national challenge launched by the Trans Canada Trail. The idea is for all Canadians to enjoy the outdoors safely while staying physically distant and socially connected.The trail runs from tip to tip on P.E.I. Visit the website here, find a section of the trail close to you and choose a date and start time, and commit to hike a number of kilometres. It's free! You can also share your challenge with members of your household by adding them as team members. If you share photos and videos of your adventure on social media using the hashtag GreatCanadianHike, you could win some allegedly amazing prizes.Organizers urge hikers to keep a two-metre distance from each other to prevent the spread of COVID-19.More from CBC P.E.I.
Four people died and several more were injured when a fuel tank exploded in a building basement in the Lebanese capital BeirutView on euronews
Ten of the 50 states reported record one-day rises in cases on Friday, including the Midwestern states of Indiana, Minnesota, Missouri and Ohio. Wisconsin and Illinois recorded over 3,000 new cases for a second day in a row - a two-day trend not seen even during the height of the previous outbreak in the spring, according to Reuters data. The Western states of Montana, New Mexico and Wyoming also reported their biggest one-day jumps in cases, as did Oklahoma and West Virginia.