A former Lytton, B.C., resident has filed a potential class-action lawsuit against both the Canadian Pacific (CP) and Canadian National (CN) rail companies, claiming their negligence caused the fire that burned down her community.
On June 30, a fire tore through Lytton, destroying most homes and businesses in the village and killing two people.
Carel Moiseiwitsch lost her home, her business and her cat in the fire.
According to the lawsuit filed Wednesday, Moiseiwitsch claims the fire was caused by heat or sparks from a freight train owned by CP Rail that was operated by CN Rail on tracks owned by CN Rail.
The lawsuit, which has not yet been certified as a class action, says the defendants knew, or ought to have known, that the weather conditions in the area at the time made it unsafe for trains to operate.
Leading up to the fire, Lytton set nationwide temperature records as it reached 49.6 C the day before the fire started.
None of the allegations have been proven in court.
A spokesperson for CN says they have received the filing.
CP said that because official investigations remain ongoing, "any conclusions or speculation regarding any cause of the Lytton fire or contribution factor remains premature."
The company also said it inspected the train in question, and other trains that went through the community that day, and found nothing to indicate that any of CP's trains or equipment caused or contributed to the fire.
They declined to comment further.
The railways have up to 21 days to file a statement of defence.
The Transportation Safety Board is still investigating the cause of the fire, as both CN and CP trains had been operating in the area when it started. A few days after the fire began, the B.C. Wildfire Service determined the fire was likely human-caused.
Jason Gratl, Moiseiwitsch's lawyer, said his team has completed its own investigation into the fire and believes it was caused by trains.
"It's not a situation where there are other people in the vicinity who started the fire. It's not a situation where lightning struck. It is a fire that started next to the railroad tracks," Gratl said.
"It was highly irresponsible for CP and CN to be operating trains under those conditions."
He said weather conditions, the train schedule, eyewitness accounts and the burn pattern near the rail tracks all lead them to believe the fire was caused by trains owned and operated by CP and CN.
As of Aug. 4, the Insurance Bureau of Canada said 300 claims had been made in relation to the Lytton fire, totalling around $78 million.
Gratl said the timeline for a class action can be anywhere from one to three years. However, he hopes this one will move quickly so the rebuilding process can begin.
"We want to send a message that there's nothing in this lawsuit that should prevent the provincial and federal government from investing in rebuilding and revitalizing the town of Lytton and the surrounding Indigenous land."