Sioux Valley Dakota Nation hosted the Manitoba NDP caucus for an afternoon of learning and reflecting at the former Brandon Indian Residential School site Wednesday.
Sioux Valley Chief Jennifer Bone said they were honoured to host the NDP for the first day of its retreat in Brandon.
Her hope, she said, is that the caucus gained a better understanding of the lasting impact of residential schools in First Nations and the need to investigate unmarked graves. It’s believed there are 104 graves at the former Brandon Indian Residential School.
“Sioux Valley has been carrying on with our own project in relation to the residential schools since 2012,” Bone said. “It makes people aware of the history of residential schools and how it has brought us to where we are to today.”
It was powerful bearing witness to Dakota elders sharing stories of their experience at the institutions, she said. Their stories brought the impact of residential schools to life for guests and drove home the urgency of identifying and preserving unmarked graves.
“They [the NDP caucus] have a better understanding of what we have gone through as Indigenous people, and what we continue to go through,” Bone said.
Healing is needed in communities, she said, and the Calls to Actions cited by the Truth and Reconciliation Commission show unfinished work remains in Canada. She added many issues must be addressed to see true reconciliation take place.
“We’ve come a long way … but there’s still a lot of work that needs to be done,” Bone said.
Sioux Valley has hosted other groups at the site, including Manitoba Keewatinowi Okimakanak and Southern Chiefs Organization. Bone said Sioux Valley wants to see these groups work together to ensure students buried at former residential schools can find their way home.
NDP Leader Wab Kinew said given the conversations surrounding former residential schools and unmarked graves in Canada this year, it was important to reach out to Sioux Valley because they have stepped up as caretaker for the Brandon residential school site.
“I am the son of a residential school survivor. I’ve heard many recollections and memories and it never fails to have an emotional impact, even though I’ve probably heard from residential school survivors more than the average person,” Kinew said. “Listening to the people talk today about some very painful memories from their childhood and how it affected their family relationships for years afterwards, it really affects you on an emotional level.”
He added as someone in a position of leadership, it is important to hear these stories, and as a team vying to form a majority government in Manitoba, it is critical to unpack these accounts to ensure the NDP remains grounded in compassion, empathy and doing what is right.
Kinew said there is a pressing need to take action because there is a short window of time to preserve the stories and oral histories of survivors. He expects that within the next two decades or so, the voices of those who attended residential schools will be lost.
Kinew would like to see work done to commemorate and honour survivors while they are still here. This can be in the form of dates like the National Day for Truth and Reconciliation on Sept. 30 or through installations commemorating survivors and victims at the former Brandon Indian Residential School site. These actions show survivors they are remembered and their experiences are valued.
“You have to have people dedicated to it, people whose job it is to move the work of commemorations and education forward,” Kinew said. “As people involved in the provincial system, I think that’s what we’ll be pushing for — a dedicated task force, dedicated resources to help make this work happen.”
Sioux Valley Coun. Elton Taylor and Simon Fraser University PhD candidate Katherine Nichols spoke to guests about the potential unmarked graves at the former Brandon residential school site. Nichols is originally from the Brandon area, and Sioux Valley chief and council and other landowners have collaborated with her to identify graves in the area.
“These children need the respect and the honour that they deserve. We honour and respect all other cemeteries and all other graves. Why are these ones being left out and unattended? Why aren’t these ones protected in the same manner as all others? It is an injustice that these kids are left out,” Taylor said.
Each site with potential unmarked graves is unique, and it’s important to use all available evidence, including survivors’ stories, archival records, archeology and forensic anthropology, to identify potential areas of interest.
The duo provided a tour of the area, highlighting the site of the former school and potential unmarked graves. They are currently working to confirm locations and figure out how to best protect and honour the children found in a way desired by their communities.
The project to have the graves recognized has been underway for more than a decade, Taylor said, and it can be a challenging task when the changes and answers needed are at the institutional level provincially and nationally.
Governments need to step in and change policies and legislation, Taylor said, while ensuring funding is secured so work can continue.
Having the NDP caucus come to the former residential school site was a step in the right direction, Taylor said, because they were willing to sit, listen and learn.
He called on people to keep these experiences on their minds and share stories with those who are unaware of the legacy of residential schools.
“At the end of the day, a lot of history gets forgotten and we don’t want this to be one of those topics,” Taylor said. “Whether it’s social media, whether it’s Truth and Reconciliation Day — keep those things in your mind and understand why there is a day.”
For those affected by the recent discovery of unmarked graves at former residential schools, the National Indian Residential School Crisis Line is available 24-7 at 1-866-925-4419.
» Twitter: @The_ChelseaKemp
Chelsea Kemp, Local Journalism Initiative Reporter, Brandon Sun