Unable to open its doors due to the pandemic, the New York Philharmonic Orchestra has taken its music to the streets of the city with a series of pop-up concerts. (Oct. 13)
A downtown Toronto mosque remained closed on Monday night after it received several violent and offensive threats by email early Saturday. Toronto police are investigating.On Twitter, Prime Minister Justin Trudeau said he was "deeply disturbed" by the news, while Toronto Mayor John Tory said the threats are "completely unacceptable" and he stands with the Muslim community.Mustafa Farooq, CEO of the National Council of Muslims, said he is calling on the federal government for a national action plan to dismantle white supremacist and neo-Nazi groups in Canada in the wake of the threats. He said such groups preach hate. Farooq said the council has no plans to name the mosque out of concern that it could be targeted further. "These messages were extraordinarily violent," Farooq said in an interview from Ottawa. "When we get these threats, we don't take them lightly. And that's why the mosque was shut down and remains shut down."Mosque administrators, based on advice from various experts, have closed the mosque for now, he said. It is not known for how long it will be closed.The threats come a month after a fatal stabbing of a volunteer caretaker at an Etobicoke mosque. On Sept. 12, Mohamed-Aslim Zafis, 58, was stabbed once while he sat in a chair outside the front doors of the International Muslims Organization (IMO) mosque at 65 Rexdale Blvd., near Kipling Avenue. Zafis had been controlling access to the mosque to ensure it was complying with public health regulations. He was pronounced dead at the scene. Guilherme "William" Von Neutegem, 34, has been charged with first-degree murder in connection with the killing of Zafis. Von Neutegem appears to follow a hate group founded in the U.K., according to the Canadian Anti-Hate Network, a non-profit organization.Farooq noted the threats also follow a shooting attack on a Quebec City mosque on Jan. 29, 2017 in which six men were killed and five others critically injured.Farooq said the council has spoken to the imams at the downtown mosque. "Obviously, there's a lot of fear. There is a lot of concern. There's a lot of trepidation as to what happened. Why is this happening? What's going to happen next?" he said.Farooq said he is pleased that police are investigating the threats, but said the federal government must take action and the council would like to see a plan within weeks.Action is needed to ensure "we don't have to keep having these interviews, so that we don't continue to keep having to go to funeral after funeral, to respond to threats after threats," he said."This is unacceptable. It needs to stop and the way that needs to stop is through a national action plan to dismantle these kinds of white supremacist, neo-Nazi, violent, Islamophobic or xenophobic groups," Farooq said."I won't allow someone who was trying to terrorize us and intimidate us succeed. We're going to stand up as Canadians. We're going to stand up Canadian Muslims. And I know that so many communities are standing with us," he said.In an open letter to Trudeau, dated Oct. 5, the council urged the government to take action on white supremacist groups. The letter was signed by organizations that represent Jewish, Sikh, Black and Indigenous communities in Toronto, among others, Farooq noted.Police say no arrests have been made yetConst. Alex Li, spokesperson for the Toronto Police Service, said police were contacted about the threats on Saturday.Li said police are appealing for members of the public to remain vigilant, report any suspicious or threatening behaviour and come forward if they have information that could aid the investigation."Hate crime is a possibility. We have not ruled anything out," he said.Li said police will enhance its patrols around Toronto mosques throughout the city to reassure the Muslim community. No arrests have been made and no suspect information is available.Trudeau pledges action, Tory expresses supportTrudeau, for his part, said: "We must do more to counter hatred and we will,"Tory said, for his part, said: "Any form of hatred and discrimination towards a place of worship and those who visit these places will not be accepted in our city."In a statement on Monday, Mary-Liz Power, press secretary for Public Safety Minister Bill Blair, said the government recognizes it needs to take more action."Our government has taken significant action to end violence in our communities, and we also know there is more to do. We are committed to doing that work," Power said.Power said the government has received the Oct. 5 letter and shares the council's concern about the prevalence of violence from white supremacist groups in Canada."It is our greatest responsibility as government to keep our communities safe, and we are committed ending and preventing violence in all its forms," she said."We are constantly monitoring all forms of terrorism as they evolve, and our response will meet it." Research facility says action plan neededBarbara Perry, director of the Centre on Hate, Bias and Extremism, a research facility at Ontario Tech University in Oshawa, said a national action plan is needed. Perry estimates there are "easily" about 300 hate groups in Canada. Islamophobia is "rampant" in these groups, she said."This has come to such a point where communities are at risk across the country. It's absolutely time to intervene," she said. "If a mosque is attacked, that is an attack on the whole congregation."
It's the first time snow has fallen in Calgary this fall, and in some spots there's so much on the ground kids are building snowmen.Unlike other years, it's been a long, warm autumn for southern Alberta but the forecast predicts that is starting to change.Environment and Climate Change Canada said on its website that while rain showers or flurries will end this afternoon, on Wednesday there will be more periods of snow.CBC Calgary asked Calgarians on Facebook to send us their snow shots, and the weather across southern Alberta sure did vary.In the northwest of Calgary, snow can be seen scattered across lawns and homes. In Calgary's south quadrants, some homes weren't too affected by the snow.However for those that live up in Cochrane, 31 kilometres northwest of Calgary, the snow was pretty solid.So solid in fact that children were able to build a snowman out of it!It's not just the north part of Calgary that is experiencing this. Down in Millarville, which is 35 km southwest of Calgary, snow can be seen in backyards.
The Vancouver Canucks have acquired defenceman Nate Schmidt from the Vegas Golden Knights for a third-round pick in the 2022 NHL draft. The Canucks announced the deal on Monday night, shortly after the Golden Knights reportedly came to an agreement with free agent defenceman Alex Pietrangelo on a seven-year deal. The 29-year-old Schmidt appeared in 59 games for Vegas in 2019-20 and recorded seven goals and 31 points.
Ottawa health officials don't know the source, or are still lacking crucial information, for more than a third of all COVID-19 infections in the nation's capital — and some experts say that's concerning.Ottawa Public Health (OPH) categorizes the source of COVID-19 infections under five labels: outbreak, close contact, travel, no known source and no information available.Based on the latest numbers reported Monday, unknown sources of infections and cases with no information available have made up more than 36 per cent of Ottawa's 5,546 cases since the start of the pandemic."That number to me was concerningly high," said Patrick Saunders-Hastings, an epidemiologist risk scientist and manager of life sciences and environmental health at Gevity Consulting. "[It] suggests that there is a weakness or shortcoming in our contact tracing and testing ability."What does 'unknown' and 'no info available' mean?This is how OPH defines both categories: * No known source means the person with a positive case was asked about risk factors and exposures, but "no source of exposure was able to be identified." * No information available means people who test positive "have not been asked about risk factors and exposures yet," and they haven't been identified as a close contact to another person with COVID-19."No known source in particular are those where there's no epidemiologic link," explained Saunders-Hastings. The no-information category in particular is "a bit of a black box," he said, because those cases haven't been traced or followed up. In early October, the city's medical officer of health Dr. Vera Etches called Ottawa's contact tracing system "nearly broken" under the current demand. Last week, OPH said it would focus contact tracing on high-risk spreaders.> Unless we control those sources, we are not going to get a handle on the COVID situation. \- Dr. Smita Pakhalé, U of O associate professor of epidemiologyOPH said in an email to CBC News that though the no-information category may appear "high at first," it's readjusted over time as diagnosed people give them more information. "This is a stressful time for those individuals, who are often feeling unwell, and it can be a difficult process that takes time," wrote a OPH spokesperson.Why do those categories matter? As of Monday, OPH was reporting 781 unknown source cases and 1,243 cases with no information available."The higher that number is, the more cause for concern there would be," said Saunders-Hastings.In an ideal world, health officials would know the source of infection for every case — but that's not possible realistically, he said. Not knowing sources of infections could "diminish" public health's ability to respond to COVID-19, Saunders-Hastings said.> People still have to do their part and limit their number of contacts. \- Dr. Theresa Tam, Canada's chief public health officer"They don't help us target where transmissions are occurring," he said. "They are missed opportunities to refine and tailor our response strategies."Saunders-Hastings added that the city "may no longer be able to keep up with the surge," and that might lead to further restrictions."We're currently experiencing more cases, or possible cases, than we are able to deal with."Lack of knowledge 'very dangerous'Not knowing the sources of infection is "very dangerous" for community transmission, said Dr. Smita Pakhalé, staff respirologist at The Ottawa Hospital and a University of Ottawa associate professor of epidemiology."If we do not know that information, then all those people [with COVID-19] may not be self-isolating and [there] may be potential of spreading to some others," said Pakhalé. "Unless we control those sources, we are not going to get a handle on the COVID situation."WATCH | U of O prof says Ottawa's marginalized people affected disproportionately:Pakhalé also suggested there's a chance marginalized people could make up a large part of the category with no information available."A lot of people who are living in the margins of society — people who are homeless or at risk for homelessness, or racialized minorities — have been disproportionately impacted," Pakhalé said.The city's vulnerable often don't have a phone, stable housing nor equal access to information via the internet, said Pakhalé, who also leads the Bridge Engagement Centre research clinic, which works with Ottawa's marginalized communities."We don't have information about them, and ... maybe a lot of them [are] represented in that [no information available category]," she said. "And that is a very unfortunate reality of our unequal society today.""It is concerning because as we heard, the public health system['s] capacity is not limitless," said Canada's Chief Public Health Officer Dr. Theresa Tam during a news conference Tuesday, in response to a question about the sources of one-third of infections remaining unknown."So people still have to do their part and limit their number of contacts."
LOS ANGELES — When ABC decided the Johnsons of “black-ish” were due a portrait, it sought an artist who understood the family's perspective. The task went to painter and illustrator Kadir Nelson, a chronicler of contemporary African American experience and an admirer of the sitcom. The result is a captivatingly sly, 70x70-inch oil-on-linen work that depicts series stars including Anthony Anderson and Tracee Ellis Ross in character and part of a riff on the “sipping tea” meme. Nelson said the approach fits a tumultuous time of political conflict and racial reckoning. “I was thinking about how the fictional Johnson family would respond,” he said, when he hit on the meme. “You’re kind of sitting back and observing with this knowing look: ‘I know what’s going on. I may say something sassy, but I’m just going to be over here minding my business, sipping my tea.' And that’s what the Johnson family is doing.” Created by Kenya Barris, “black-ish” returns Oct. 21, with Laurence Fishburne, Jenifer Lewis and Deon Cole among the cast members. The prolific Nelson, an award-winning book illustrator and author, has paintings in institutions including the Smithsonian and the National Museum of African American History and Culture. Among his New Yorker magazine cover images is a powerful tribute to George Floyd and other Black victims of violence. Art is essential to help navigate such a “rollercoaster” period, he said. “It's a way of documenting our times, expressing our fears, our angst, our dreams, our thoughts and emotions. And it gives us a way to look forward,” he said, citing visual images delivered through smartphones, computers and TV as especially influential. "There are very important or visceral images that grab our attention and provoke thought and may inspire us to take action or do something that brings forth the best part of ourselves, hopefully.” With his painting for “black-ish,” Nelson sees himself following the path of the late artist Ernie Barnes, whom he described as a mentor. “The Sugar Shack,” Barnes' joyous painting of a music club, was used in the 1970s sitcom “Good Times” and as cover art for Marvin Gaye's 1976 album “I Want You.” Nelson's art has appeared on album covers including Drake's “Nothing Was the Same.” Nelson's painting will be the basis for “black-ish” print, digital and other promotion in its seventh season, based on a high-resolution image of the work that he has retained. The artist anticipates that the original will end up with a collector. In 2017, he created another work for “black-ish,” this one used in the “Please, Baby, Please” episode that was a lament on social and environmental ills and took sharp jabs at at President Donald Trump. Shelved by ABC, it saw the light of day when Disney corporate sibling Hulu released it earlier this year. ABC said Nelson was “the first artist on the list” for the family portrait, citing his contribution to “Please, Baby, Please” and his recent works for The New Yorker and Rolling Stone. The latter used Nelson's “American Uprising,” depicting a woman and child at the forefront of a protest march, to illustrate a Black Lives Matter cover story. In developing the concept for the “black-ish” painting, the network and the show's producers gave him “pretty much free reign,” Nelson said, and a sketch sold them on the idea of the Johnsons coping together despite the pandemic quarantine. Like “The Cosby Show” before it, Nelson said, “black-ish” depicts a successful family with humour and warmth, headed by professionals (dad is an advertising executive, mom a medical doctor) who are attentive parents. While the Johnsons face issues common to all Americans, providing a Black family's perspective allows the series to hit “very key points that we all need to think about,” he said. ”And we have to talk about them to provoke conversations, to inspire conversations and and inspire action," Nelson said. ___ Lynn Elber can be reached at email@example.com and on Twitter at http://twitter.com/lynnelber. Lynn Elber, The Associated Press
President Donald Trump has returned to the campaign trail, holding his first rally since he contracted the coronavirus. The president was sidelined from the campaign trail for more than ten days after he tested positive for the virus on October 2. The rally in Florida, a must-win state for Trump, kicks off an aggressive week of travel for the president, which also includes stops in Pennsylvania, Iowa and North Carolina.
A late-stage study of Johnson & Johnson’s COVID-19 vaccine candidate has been paused while the company investigates whether a study participant’s “unexplained illness” is related to the shot. The company said in a statement Monday evening that illnesses, accidents and other so-called adverse events “are an expected part of any clinical study, especially large studies,” but that its physicians and a safety monitoring panel would try to determine what might have caused the illness. The pause is at least the second such hold to occur among several vaccines that have reached large-scale final tests in the U.S.
NEW YORK — With performance halls shut because of the coronavirus pandemic, the best concert venue a violinist could hope for one recent October Friday was a sidewalk in the Bronx. Fiona Simon tuned her instrument as she prepared for one of her only public performances with the New York Philharmonic in months. The setting was a far cry from the orchestra's usual home at Manhattan’s Lincoln Center. Traffic hummed and sirens wailed as a crew laid cables and unloaded speakers from the back of a double-parked pickup truck. But Simon said the pop-up concert — one of several the Philharmonic has been playing around the city this fall — filled a need she’s had since indoor performances stopped in March, depriving musicians of not just a paycheque, but a sense of purpose. “You’re not a complete musician if you’re just playing for yourself,” Simon said. Simon, a native of England who joined the New York Philharmonic in 1985, says she has struggled to cope with not having an audience, sometimes performing for friends virtually over the phone. “I think it’s a fundamental human need," she said. The Philharmonic came up with the idea for a series of outdoor, pop-up performances over the summer, even as it was forced to lay off or furlough nearly half its staff as it faced a multimillion-dollar budget deficit. On that Friday, Simon and a few colleagues played three corners of the city as part of the series they’re calling the NY Phil Bandwagon. The first show of the day was outside a Bronx school, the second outside a public library in Queens and the final one in a Brooklyn park. The bandwagon itself — a red Ford pickup truck — rolls up to the curb carrying a sound system, music stands, lights and orange traffic cones to keep the audience socially distant. The musicians follow in a van. The Philharmonic plans to hold its final Bandwagon concert of the year this weekend, and then resume the program in the spring. New York’s street life has always been vibrant, but these days, the city’s outdoor spaces are more important than ever as many residents are stuck in small apartments working from home. “There’s this whole myth that New York is dying, but it’s only dying in the places that were built for people not from New York — the people in New York are thriving,” said Curtis Stewart, a Grammy-nominated violinist who joined for a guest performance with the Bandwagon. As the group began its final performance of the day, countertenor Anthony Roth Costanzo kicked off the show from the bed of the truck. “We’re going to play you a little concert,” he said as people began to linger in the warm glow of an early autumn sunset. The set lasted 20 minutes. A trio of violins preformed well-known tunes from George Gershwin and Charlie Parker, as well as Henry Purcell’s “Dido’s Lament” — a sorrowful piece that Costanzo said “responds to the moment in a more emotional way.” As the audience swelled to dozens — couples, families, dogs and their owners — it became clear that the concert is as much an emotional outlet for the crowd as it is for the musicians. “I think as we’re closeted up in our homes dealing with the storm that is current events we need an outlet. We need a place to put our feelings, we need a place to feel safe,” Stewart said. “You don’t know what you’ve got until it’s gone.” Robert Bumsted, The Associated Press
OTTAWA — Canadian Security Intelligence Service employees see the spadework needed to obtain a judicial warrant as "a necessary evil" that detracts from more valuable activities, says an independent review that calls for a cultural shift inside the spy agency. The review, obtained by The Canadian Press, found that ineffective training, excessive secrecy and a generally poor understanding of responsibilities contributed to CSIS failing to meet its obligation of full and frank disclosure to the Federal Court when seeking investigative warrants. The problems have prompted judges to criticize CSIS for falling short of its "duty of candour" to the court, including a recent case in which the spy agency neglected to disclose its reliance on information that was likely collected illegally in support of warrants to probe extremism. In September 2019, CSIS director David Vigneault asked Morris Rosenberg, a former federal deputy minister of justice, to conduct an independent review with the aim of addressing the ongoing difficulties. Rosenberg, who had access to CSIS documentation and employees, examined spy service policies, procedures and operational files, as well as Federal Court transcripts relating to warrant applications. He also consulted Justice Department lawyers, including those assigned to CSIS, and officials from the National Security and Intelligence Review Agency, a spy agency watchdog. "While warrants are seen as an essential investigatory tool, work supporting the warrant acquisition process is seen as burdensome and has not been valued in the culture of the Service," Rosenberg concluded. "Supporting positions are difficult to staff as the role is seen as career limiting in a culture where status and advancement are generally associated with operational roles." The review says the role of the affiant, a CSIS employee who swears to a supporting affidavit, "is seen as a necessary evil, done on the side of the desk, and taking away from intelligence work." The Canadian Press recently obtained a redacted version of the secret review, completed early this year, through the Access to Information Act. Among Rosenberg's other findings: — Employees' understanding of the duty of candour varies, even among supervisors, with some senior managers unaware of the protocol; — Inadequate time and resources are allocated for training; — The role of the Federal Court is not valued or understood, and employees do not understand the reasons for court decisions; — There were clashes between the duty to be forthcoming with the "need to know culture" at CSIS that emphasizes shielding sensitive intelligence; — Court findings of a breach of the duty of candour have been followed by inconsistent implementation of corrective measures. The review urges improvements including better training and clarification of roles, but says they won't succeed without addressing the "cultural issues around warrants." In a note accompanying the review, CSIS said it agreed with Rosenberg's findings, adding they reveal issues that go beyond the service's disclosure responsibilities with the court. As a result, Vigneault has launched a project that will draw on the review, consider concerns raised in recent Federal Court rulings and build on other initiatives already underway, the note said. CSIS spokesman John Townsend said that since the launch of the project in June there has been extensive engagement with employees to solicit ideas. The project aims to adapt existing policies and practices, as well as provide extensive training to employees, Townsend said. Training modules developed to date focus on increasing awareness of CSIS's candour requirements as well as clarifying roles and responsibilities for operational employees, affiants and counsel, he said. In a ruling made public in July, Federal Court Justice Patrick Gleeson found CSIS had breached its duty of candour to the court in probing extremism, part of a troubling pattern dating back years. “Having approved operations that were on their face illegal, the service then collected information which in turn was put before this court in support of warrant applications, without notifying the court of the likely illegality,” Gleeson’s ruling said. “The circumstances raise fundamental questions relating to respect for the rule of law, the oversight of security intelligence activities and the actions of individual decision-makers." This report by The Canadian Press was first published Oct. 13, 2020. Jim Bronskill, The Canadian Press
Buoyed by massive fundraising success, Democratic Senate candidates are mounting a push in Republican states that few would have thought possible just a few months ago, placing continued GOP control of the chamber at risk. In South Carolina, Sen. Lindsey Graham's challenger, Democrat Jaime Harrison, shattered fundraising records when he announced on Sunday a $57 million haul for the quarter that ended in September. MJ Hegar in Texas reported raising over $13 million during the same period for her race against Republican Sen. John Cornyn.
Taylor Hall refused to buy into the negativity surrounding the Buffalo Sabres, and instead focused on the positives. The opportunity to alongside captain Jack Eichel was a factor. Add in Buffalo being close to his home in Toronto, and the the Sabres willing to sign Hall to a one-year deal, allowing him to keep his options open for next year, were enough to put him over the top.
Saskatchewan NDP Leader Ryan Meili is criticizing his opponents in the Oct. 26 election of speaking of COVID-19 in the past tense. Meili says in a news release Monday that the first page of the Saskatchewan Party's election platform says, “We faced the pandemic — together.” Meili says COVID-19 is not over — not in Canada, and not in Saskatchewan.
VANCOUVER — An actor is sharing his gratitude towards a Vancouver service specializing in finding lost rings after losing his own wedding band, kicking off a panicked search attempt. Jon Cryer, known for his role in the television series Two and a Half Men, was walking along Vancouver's seawall to meet up with castmates, on Friday when he lost his wedding ring. "I pulled my hand out of my pocket and heard a 'ping!' To my left. I walked a couple more steps and realized my wedding ring was gone...," he wrote on Twitter. Cryer said he frantically searched for the missing wedding band but rain and a lack of working lamp posts hindered his efforts. Losing the ring was especially hard, due to COVID-19 travel restrictions restricting him from seeing his wife regularly while filming in Vancouver, he wrote. He returned Saturday to search through a muddy section of grass he believed the ring could be in, but didn't have any luck. Cryer turned to a company called the Ring Finders, that specialize in searching for rings and other lost valuables, to help him in his quest. "In my mind, I'm thinking 'there's a 95 per cent chance it was probably dropped where someone could've seen it'," said Chris Turner, who founded the company in 2009. But the pair were lucky. Turner says it took him three minutes to locate the ring using a metal detector. The ring was found buried in a clump of grass near to where Cryer had searched on Saturday. "This one surprised me. The odds of that ring making it to the grass, not only the grass, the deepest part of the grass ... I was just astonished. I was like 'the gods are on his side for sure'," he said. Cryer said he's stunned at how quickly the ring was found. "I’m still beside myself," he wrote on Twitter. This report by The Canadian Press was first published Oct. 13, 2020. Nick Wells, The Canadian Press
Montreal Mayor Valérie Plante says she's working with federal and provincial governments to temporarily house people who are homeless in mostly vacant hotels once again, as shelters continue to see an increase in demand due to the COVID-19 pandemic. "I think we must seize the opportunity to quickly give a roof to many people who are currently on the streets or who have a very precarious status," Plante said on Tout le monde en parle Sunday night. She says the city's mandate is to try to find good resources for people, depending on their situation."There are many people who have decided to turn to shelters, and when we talk about homelessness, there are many different types of profiles," Plante said. The city opened up hotel rooms as an emergency solution during the first wave, but Plante says she wants things done more quickly this time, and she wants to provide shelter for more people. This time around, 450 to 500 homeless people could be housed in hotels, Plante said."Several hotels have contacted us, including those that were requisitioned last spring," Plante said. "We are looking into it with them."Not everyone is comfortable in a hotel, she said, so the city is also looking into using dormitories. In May, Plante said the governments of Quebec and Canada need to develop a housing plan for Montreal "as quickly as possible." The pandemic has made the situation worse than ever, Plante said at the time, as the economic shutdown had taken a toll on so many jobs.She encouraged anybody who needs housing help to call the city's 311 hotline. The city has increased its staff and streamlined resources, boosting its social-housing reference service.This way, people who need help are accompanied through the process of finding an affordable place to live, Plante said.Permanent solution needed: advocatesHomeless shelters have seen an increase in demand since the pandemic started, and as temperatures drop, ensuring homeless people have shelter is even more urgent, advocates say. Sam Watts runs the Welcome Hall Mission in Montreal. He says with winter coming, uncertainty is mounting with regards to how badly the pandemic will affect the city's homeless population. "We've started planning for it, but honestly, we don't know what we're going to face come November or December," Watts said. He says temporary emergency housing is necessary, but the main goal should be to provide as many people as possible with permanent housing before winter hits. Watts is working with the city to get another overflow shelter set up by the end of November, but he says he hopes the city will do more to come up with permanent solutions.
Three weeks from Election Day, the largely white congregation at Prestonwood Baptist Church, as well as other white evangelical churches across Texas, are fighting a defensive battle to keep their increasingly diverse state from flipping to support for Democratic presidential nominee Joe Biden. “These confirmation hearings could not have come at a more opportune time for the Trump campaign,” said the Rev. Robert Jeffress, a leader of another of the Dallas area’s large, politically influential evangelical megachurches.
Toronto police are searching for a man in relation to a sexual assault reported in an East York park on Sunday night.Police said the man allegedly sexually assaulted a woman at Taylor Creek Park, 260 Dawes Rd., shortly after 7:30 p.m. before he fled the area.In a news release on Monday, police described the suspect as having a dark complexion with black curly hair. They said he was wearing black-rimmed glasses and a surgical mask at the time of the incident. Anyone with information is urged to call police at (416) 808-7474, or Crime Stoppers anonymously at (416) 222-TIPS (8477).