Representatives from communities impacted by mining projects in Colombia, the Philippines, Nunavut and the “Ring of Fire” region in Northern Ontario protested Monday outside the Prospectors and Developers Association of Canada’s annual conference, a large event that attracts more than 1,000 exhibitors, 2,500 investors and 23,000 attendees.
The Mining Injustice Solidarity Network, organizers of the rally, explained that the Ring of Fire is a proposed project covering a 5,000 square kilometre area in Northern Ontario that’s estimated to contain massive quantities of chromite, nickel and copper, among other critical minerals’ needed for the production of electric vehicles and other “green” technologies.
In April, Noront Resources’ stake in the project was sold to Wyloo Metals which some say has a history of failing to respect Indigenous rights in Australia. Two Ontario First Nations in the area have entered into agreements with the province, while in December Neskantaga First Nation sued the Ontario government for their failure to adequately consult First Nations about the project. The Ring of Fire mining project could damage the area’s peatlands, which store over 30 billion tons of carbon, the protest organizers said.
Chief Wayne Moonias of Neskantaga First Nation, and Aliqa Kanangnak Illauq of Clyde River, Nunavut, blamed the mining operations for contaminating rivers in their communities and for not having access to drinking water.
“These mining industries come to our homes and hurt our children’s future, in the name of money,” said Kanangnak Illauq, pointing to the Metro Toronto Convention Centre, which hosts thousands of mining producers and investors during the three-day conference.
Chief Moonias said his community hasn’t had drinking water for 27 years. “My 24 years old. daughter never had clean drinking water,” Moonias said. “Those are the stuff we have to deal with as a community. And they want to build a road through our territory without consultation, without accommodation, without our consent. That’s why we are here. We want to be heard.”
Accompanied by drums and dancers, community leaders spoke up against the Prospectors and Developers Association Conference, the world’s biggest mining expo, which they defined as the “world’s ‘greenest’ corporate colonial supervillain convention”
On behalf of Anakbayan, an organization of Filipino youth and students in Canada, Myka Jaymalin stated that Canada is home to 75 percent of the world’s mining companies. She alleged that Canadian mining firms “are notorious for corruption and human rights abuses, especially in the parts of mining regions, like the Philippines.”
Protestors speak at Toronto mining conference. Video by Isabel Inclan.
She alleged that between 2001 and 2019, at least 300 environmental defenders were killed in the Philippines, “most are our Indigenous leaders.” In an interview with New Canadian Media, Kirsten Francescone, the Latin America Program Coordinator at Mining Watch Canada, explained that even though Canadian mining companies say their operations are sustainable, fighting against the climate crisis and are not environmentally harmful, this is not the reality.
“What we see on the ground in Latin America, just like here in Canada, is the Canadian companies are perpetuating systems of colonial and imperialist domination,” she alleged. “They are engaging in practices that are destroying the environment. They’re committing environmental and human rights crimes.”
After attending Ecuador Day as part of the PDAC convention, Francescone said even though indigenous people from the Ecuadorian Amazon have constantly condemned mining operations in the region, areas of the South American country were being sold to mining companies like an “auction.”
A similar situation is happening in Colombia with “several Canadian mining companies engaging in violent practices,” she added. “Canadian mining companies were trying to mine in the Paramo region, which is an ecologically sensitive region that was rejected overwhelmingly by communities and organizations and who are still facing threats”.
One of the PDAC exhibitors, Christopher Haldane, of GCM Mining, a Canadian company with gold mining operations in Colombia, assured NCM that his Canadian company is doing well in terms of sustainability. “We’re doing a lot with water treatment and education, and small mining. Everything that we’re doing is to make sure that whatever we take out, we don’t leave an environment that is in worse shape than what we found it,” he said, adding that they take the environmental part “quite seriously” and they have first-class operations in Colombia.
But the organizers said that in Latin America alone, conflicts with Canadian companies resulted in more than 400 injuries and 44 deaths reported between 2000 and 2015. Four UN bodies and the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights have called on Canada to keep its corporate actors accountable.
In January 2018, the Government of Canada created the Canadian Ombudsperson for Responsible Enterprise (CORE) to investigate human rights abuses by Canadian companies operating abroad in the oil and gas, mining, and garment sectors.
But for Francescone, CORE is just “another attempt for the Canadian government to see or appear internationally that they care about human rights, but in reality, it’s just a piece of paper that’s not worth anything. It’s an office that is not independent of Global Affairs and is letting Canadian companies continue to operate with complete impunity abroad.”
She highlighted the urgency to implement “binding legislation that can hold corporations criminally to account for the environmental and human rights crimes that they commit.” She called for an independent ombudsperson that has the power to investigate, compel witnesses, to charge companies for their crimes. Right now, we have nothing. And we need much stronger legislation in Canada to be able to control operations abroad.”
Mining Injustice Solidarity Network said that PDAC sponsor Teck Resources last year faced the largest fine ever given under Canada’s Fisheries Act for massive selenium pollution of rivers in southeastern B.C.
The first day of the PDAC conference continued unhindered, with maps on display of territories for exploration and exploitation of gold, silver and other minerals.
Isabel Inclan, Local Journalism Initiative Reporter, New Canadian Media