Chief Clarence Louie (y̓ilmixʷm ki law na) of the Osoyoos Indian Band (OIB) wants people to know that “rez culture” is not his culture — and he’s written a book about it.
Rez Rules is due to be released this fall, and Louie’s hoping Indigenous people and government workers in Canada and the United States will pick it up.
“Most of the book is about the rez culture … which is not our culture. Reserves are not our culture,” Louie tells IndigiNews. “Land ownership is not our culture, elections are not our culture, status cards are not our culture, but it’s what we have grown up with.”
He’s careful to distinguish between rez culture — which he doesn’t identify with — and rez rules, which he says he often cites.
“I use that often in my speeches. A rez rule should be this: no lazy asses. Or a rez rule should be this: if you want to call yourself a warrior, then get a job. You’re not a warrior if you’re on welfare,” he says.
In writing this book, Louie’s first, he says he drew upon his experiences growing up on the OIB reservation, and the role he’s played for the past 37 years — as OIB’s elected chief.
“I’ve often heard people say that one sentence can guide you through the rest of your life,” he says. It can “straighten out your life or give you that boost that you need to get through, whether it’s university or college … personal issues or even business and politics. Rez issues suck.”
IndigiNews asked about the significance of the book’s subtitle: “My Indictment of Canada’s and America’s Systemic Racism Against Indigenous Peoples.”
He says he writes about systemic racism — “whether it’s the slave trade or broken treaties and all the land rip-offs against First Nations people … [and] racism in the police departments.”
"Most people don't realize the racism that Canada and the U.S. were built upon, and there's a lot of unfinished business between the Natives and the Canadian and American governments.”
Some things were harder to write about than others, he says. “Like writing about residential school. Nothing pisses me off much more than that, but it has to be said. It’s got to be brought out.”
Louie says he was inspired to write a book after receiving an email from a Grade 4 student who was doing a class project on leadership.
“She sent me [questions] in her little girl handwriting,” he says. “I answered these four questions in way more detail than a Grade 4 student would need.”
Louie says he also shares what he’s learned about First Nations-led economic and business development.
“I think with everybody who writes, mainly it’s to share knowledge, sharing stories and it might help some people.” Louie says his new book comes with an audio CD in English. Asked what advice he has for new writers, he says: “Get it done … Be ready for long hours and lots of work and a lot of editing and re-editing.”
Athena Bonneau, Local Journalism Initiative Reporter, The Discourse