A small plane crashed and burned Thursday in a street just outside a small airfield in Los Angeles' San Fernando Valley. (Nov. 12)
A small plane crashed and burned Thursday in a street just outside a small airfield in Los Angeles' San Fernando Valley. (Nov. 12)
WASHINGTON — Disputing President Donald Trump’s persistent, baseless claims, Attorney General William Barr declared the U.S. Justice Department has uncovered no evidence of widespread voter fraud that could change the outcome of the 2020 election.Barr's comments, in an interview Tuesday with the The Associated Press, contradict the concerted effort by Trump, his boss, to subvert the results of last month's voting and block President-elect Joe Biden from taking his place in the White House.Barr told the AP that U.S. attorneys and FBI agents have been working to follow up specific complaints and information they’ve received, but “to date, we have not seen fraud on a scale that could have effected a different outcome in the election.”The comments, which drew immediate criticism from Trump attorneys, were especially notable coming from Barr, who has been one of the president's most ardent allies. Before the election, he had repeatedly raised the notion that mail-in voting could be especially vulnerable to fraud during the coronavirus pandemic as Americans feared going to polls and instead chose to vote by mail.More to Trump's liking, Barr revealed in the AP interview that in October he had appointed U.S. Attorney John Durham as a special counsel, giving the prosecutor the authority to continue to investigate the origins of the Trump-Russia probe after Biden takes over and making it difficult to fire him. Biden hasn't said what he might do with the investigation, and his transition team didn't comment Tuesday.Trump has long railed against the investigation into whether his 2016 campaign was co-ordinating with Russia, but he and Republican allies had hoped the results would be delivered before the 2020 election and would help sway voters. So far, there has been only one criminal case, a guilty plea from a former FBI lawyer to a single false statement charge.Under federal regulations, a special counsel can be fired only by the attorney general and for specific reasons such as misconduct, dereliction of duty or conflict of interest. An attorney general must document such reasons in writing.Barr went to the White House Tuesday for a previously scheduled meeting that lasted about three hours.Trump didn't directly comment on the attorney general's remarks on the election. But his personal attorney Rudy Giuliani and his political campaign issued a scathing statement claiming that, "with all due respect to the Attorney General, there hasn’t been any semblance” of an investigation into the president's complaints.Other administration officials who have come out forcefully against Trump's allegations of voter-fraud evidence have been fired. But it's not clear whether Barr might suffer the same fate. He maintains a lofty position with Trump, and despite their differences the two see eye-to-eye on quite a lot.Still, Senate Democratic leader Chuck Schumer quipped: “I guess he’s the next one to be fired.”Last month, Barr issued a directive to U.S. attorneys across the country allowing them to pursue any “substantial allegations” of voting irregularities before the 2020 presidential election was certified, despite no evidence at that time of widespread fraud.That memorandum gave prosecutors the ability to go around longstanding Justice Department policy that normally would prohibit such overt actions before the election was certified. Soon after it was issued, the department’s top elections crime official announced he would step aside from that position because of the memo.The Trump campaign team led by Giuliani has been alleging a widespread conspiracy by Democrats to dump millions of illegal votes into the system with no evidence. They have filed multiple lawsuits in battleground states alleging that partisan poll watchers didn’t have a clear enough view at polling sites in some locations and therefore something illegal must have happened. The claims have been repeatedly dismissed including by Republican judges who have ruled the suits lacked evidence.But local Republicans in some battleground states have followed Trump in making unsupported claims, prompting grave concerns over potential damage to American democracy.Trump himself continues to rail against the election in tweets and in interviews though his own administration has said the 2020 election was the most secure ever. He recently allowed his administration to begin the transition over to Biden, but he still refuses to admit he lost.The issues they've have pointed to are typical in every election: Problems with signatures, secrecy envelopes and postal marks on mail-in ballots, as well as the potential for a small number of ballots miscast or lost.But they've gone further. Attorney Sidney Powell has spun fictional tales of election systems flipping votes, German servers storing U.S. voting information and election software created in Venezuela “at the direction of Hugo Chavez,” – the late Venezuelan president who died in 2013. Powell has since been removed from the legal team after an interview she gave where she threatened to “blow up” Georgia with a “biblical” court filing.Barr didn't name Powell specifically but said: “There's been one assertion that would be systemic fraud and that would be the claim that machines were programmed essentially to skew the election results. And the DHS and DOJ have looked into that, and so far, we haven’t seen anything to substantiate that.”In the campaign statement, Giuliani claimed there was “ample evidence of illegal voting in at least six states, which they have not examined.”“We have many witnesses swearing under oath they saw crimes being committed in connection with voter fraud. As far as we know, not a single one has been interviewed by the DOJ. The Justice Department also hasn’t audited any voting machines or used their subpoena powers to determine the truth,” he said.However, Barr said earlier that people were confusing the use of the federal criminal justice system with allegations that should be made in civil lawsuits. He said a remedy for many complaints would be a top-down audit by state or local officials, not the U.S. Justice Department.“There’s a growing tendency to use the criminal justice system as sort of a default fix-all," he said, but first there must be a basis to believe there is a crime to investigate.“Most claims of fraud are very particularized to a particular set of circumstances or actors or conduct. ... And those have been run down; they are being run down,” Barr said. “Some have been broad and potentially cover a few thousand votes. They have been followed up on."___Associated Press writers Lisa Mascaro and Eric Tucker contributed to this report.Michael Balsamo, The Associated Press
Il n’est pas nécessaire d’aller bien loin afin de dénicher des activités extérieures à faire avec les membres de sa maisonnée, une fois l’arrivée des temps plus froids et de la neige. Malgré la situation que l’on vit tous, il sera loisible de profiter, au cours de l’hiver, d’une programmation saisonnière au Parc régional éducatif du Bois de Belle-Rivière, à Mirabel. Un sentier de glace en forêt fait partie des activités à réaliser seul ou avec les membres de sa bulle familiale. D’une longueur de 2,5 km, il saura ravir vos petits comme les plus grands, alors qu’une zone glacée sera disponible pour les débutants. D’ailleurs, vos férus de hockey pourront profiter d’une patinoire de grandeur réglementaire, afin d’improviser des parties. À noter cependant qu’il n’y a aucune location d’équipement sur place. Cela dit, les amateurs de ski de randonnée, de glissade et de raquette hors piste seront aussi choyés. Le parc régional offre 7 km de piste de niveau débutant dédié au ski en forêt. On y retrouve également une pente d’une hauteur de 20 mètres qui, assure-t-on, fera l’unanimité auprès des jeunes et des grands qui désirent faire de la glisse. La COVID-19 Le parc régional est désormais en zone rouge, comme Mirabel et la région des Basses-Laurentides. Cela veut dire que les rassemblements sont interdits et que les visiteurs doivent garder en tout temps une distanciation sociale de deux mètres. Ceux-ci peuvent se présenter avec les membres de leurs familles, restant au sein de la même résidence. L’équipe du Parc régional éducatif Bois de Belle-Rivière dit continuer à s’ajuster à la situation pandémique pour la sécurité de ses visiteurs. Notons qu’il est recommandé de joindre l’un des préposés du site et du service à la clientèle par téléphone ou par courriel. Dans les circonstances actuelles, les responsables des lieux offrent aux visiteurs de les accompagner pour la préparation et la réalisation de leur journée. Pour trouver les coordonnées et pour plus amples informations, il suffit de visiter le [www.boisdebelleriviere.com]. Nicolas Parent, Initiative de journalisme local, L'Éveil
Elliot Page wrote a heartfelt note on Instagram: “I love that I am trans.”
Si la voiture électrique est bien partie pour devenir le moyen de locomotion du futur proche, être un « électromobiliste » n’est toutefois pas une sinécure dans l’Est-du-Québec en 2020. Nicolas Falcimaigne en sait quelque chose : propriétaire d’une Chevrolet Spark 2015, soit un des véhicules les plus abordables sur le marché, il dispose d’une autonomie qui ne dépasse pas les 100 km. Lorsqu’il est en déplacement, ce résident de Trois-Pistoles est donc dépendant des bornes de recharge éparpillées sur le territoire, plus précisément des bornes rapides qui lui permettent de recharger sa batterie en une vingtaine de minutes (contre plusieurs heures pour les bornes classiques). Or, il lui arrive régulièrement de tomber sur une borne qui ne fonctionne pas bien, ce qui a des conséquences importantes pour lui : « Depuis trois ans, ça m’est arrivé plusieurs fois, même en hiver, de devoir passer une soirée à Rimouski avec les enfants, voire d’y dormir, parce que la borne rapide était défectueuse… » En ce mois de novembre, l’unique borne rapide de Rimouski a même eu un problème pendant plus d’une semaine : elle fonctionnait à débit réduit. « Il a fallu une heure à ma conjointe pour charger sa Nissan Leaf de 15 à 89 %, contre 20 minutes normalement », explique M. Falcimaigne. Face à ces impondérables, difficile de planifier des déplacements sur de longues distances. « Les bornes rapides, c’est pour les trajets interurbains, rappelle celui qui est aussi propriétaire du Caveau des Trois Pistoles. Les bornes lentes, c’est pour quand on reste dans sa propre ville : on se branche pendant qu’on se promène ou qu’on va au magasin, juste pour entretenir la charge. » M. Falcimaigne regrette que le grand public ne fasse pas la différence entre ces deux types de bornes, ce qui mène parfois à des incompréhensions. « À Trois-Pistoles, il y a eu des travaux à la station-service où se situe la borne rapide, ce qui a bloqué son accès. J’ai parlé au contracteur, il m’a répondu d’aller à la borne de l’aréna (qui n’est pas rapide). Il ne comprenait pas que la borne rapide représente une étape indispensable d’un trajet. » La plupart des propriétaires de voiture électrique ne peuvent pas se permettre d’en sauter une, étant donné la faible autonomie dont ils disposent. Doubler les prises Mais la contrariété majeure pour les électromobilistes est l’absence de redondance de bornes de recharge rapide dans l’Est-du-Québec. En d’autres termes, il y a la plupart du temps la place pour brancher une seule voiture. Si elle est prise par quelqu’un d’autre, il faut attendre patiemment son tour, parfois plus d’une heure s’il s’agit d’un véhicule à grande autonomie. Hydro-Québec est en train d’installer des bornes rapides doubles dans six sites du Bas-Saint-Laurent (Saint-Pascal, Rivière-du-Loup, Le Bic, Rimouski, Pohénégamook et Causapscal) et trois de Gaspésie (Cap-Chat, Rivière-au-Renard et Carleton-sur-Mer, en plus d’une borne simple à Murdochville). Ces stations qui font partie du réseau Circuit électrique devraient toutes être opérationnelles d’ici février, dit le porte-parole Louis-Olivier Batty. « Dans notre stratégie de déploiement, c’est clair qu’on favorise une distance de 50 à 80 km entre chaque station de recharge », précise-t-il. Deux bornes rapides ont aussi été inaugurées à Mont-Joli. Cet été, l’achalandage des bornes rapides a augmenté de 53 % au Bas-Saint-Laurent et en Gaspésie, contre 40 % pour l’ensemble du Québec. Ces nouvelles zones de recharge sont donc bienvenues. Reste que certaines zones seront encore mal desservies : par exemple, entre Cap-Chat et Rivière-au-Renard (presque 200 km), on ne trouvera que des bornes simples – à Sainte-Anne-des-Monts, Mont-Louis et Grande-Vallée. Louis-Olivier Batty conseille aux électromobilistes d’utiliser le planificateur de trajet du Circuit électrique, qui permet d’optimiser ses arrêts et ses recharges en fonction de l’achalandage des bornes, pour gagner du temps. Mieux localiser les bornes Si le réseau va finir par se compléter, la localisation de certaines bornes fait cependant sourciller Nicolas Falcimaigne. Par exemple, les deux qui vont être inaugurées à Rimouski sont situées dans une station-service en face du parc Beauséjour, alors que « la nouvelle tendance, c’est de les mettre près de l’autoroute, et non pas dans des centres-villes. Ce n’est pas du tourisme qu’on fait, on se déplace! » Le choix des sites se fait en considérant plusieurs paramètres, répond Louis-Olivier Batty. « On veut que ce soit le plus près des axes routiers, pour ne pas que les gens aient à faire un grand détour, mais on veut aussi qu’il y ait des services à côté. » Des ententes doivent être prises avec des commerçants, qui réservent une place de stationnement et permettent aux électromobilistes l’accès aux toilettes. Mais là encore, il y a loin de la coupe aux lèvres : toujours à Rimouski, à la borne rapide située près de l’accueil touristique, on n’a pas accès à des toilettes dès que ce dernier est fermé. « Plusieurs bornes sont mal situées, surtout pour le soir, confirme un autre propriétaire de véhicule électrique de Trois-Pistoles, Éric Dubois. Il y a clairement un enjeu d’urbanisme. Le choix des lieux où sont installées les bornes devrait revenir aux municipalités. » En attendant, des acteurs privés ont bien compris qu’il y avait beaucoup à gagner en fournissant de l’électricité : IGA va installer une centaine de bornes électriques rapides devant ses magasins, dont quatre dans l’Est-du-Québec.Rémy Bourdillon, Initiative de journalisme local, Le Mouton Noir
When the Town of Happy Valley-Goose Bay approved the use of body cameras for municipal enforcement officers in September the Office of the Information and Privacy Commissioner (OIPC) for the province had some concerns, and two months later he still does. Privacy Commissioner Michael Harvey said that when he found out through the media that the town had passed the policy and officers were wearing them, he contacted the town with a number of recommendations, but hasn’t heard back. “We made some recommendations to council and also all sorts of questions, and we put them to the council in mid-October and have not received any response since then. We’re still waiting.” Harvey said town staff did have an informal discussion with his office, but the town has only intermittently been forthcoming, which is leading to increasing frustration on his end, and may yet lead to a formal investigation. “I’m getting to the point where I may well do that,” he said of a formal investigation. “I’ll make that decision in the coming days.” Harvey said some of the recommendations include that the town clarify when the cameras are being used in the course of the officers' duties, that elected officials not have access to body camera footage and that the town complete a privacy impact assessment. He said there were verbal commitments to some changes made in a meeting between his staff and the town, but his office has yet to see changes to the policy, and the cameras are still in use. “They seem to go long periods of time not responding to us and then respond to us. This is one of the reasons why it’s starting to look more appropriate for me to launch a formal investigation because that would give a formal framework for these questions and in the course of a formal investigation, I have the authority of a commissioner of the Public Inquires Act. Simply not answering my questions becomes less of an option.” A recent incident in the town involving a member of the public and a municipal enforcement officer that is now the subject of an independent investigation also prompted him to contact the town, Harvey said. He said there are four questions he wants answers to: whether the body camera was on and the details of when and how it was used; whether the footage would be provided to the independent investigator; if it was within the scope of the investigation, why the body camera wasn’t on; and what the legal authority was for the officer to be doing whatever he was doing. The last question is important, Harvey said, because public bodies like the town are only allowed to collect personal information with some sort of legal purpose, and only certain things the officer would be doing qualifies as law enforcement. The issue of body camera footage sparked a discussion in the town council meeting on Thursday. Coun. Jackie Compton Hobbs said she doesn’t understand why council members couldn’t simply view footage from the body cameras in some incidents instead of having to potentially spend money on external investigators. “It could be some minor infraction on a property that someone could be insinuating something, and the council could look at and say, ‘That’s wrong, it’s this way,’ and not have to call in a lawyer to get advice on it, that’s my thinking. As for the OIPC recommendations, at the end of the day, decisions are made by council. They’re only recommending that the mayor and town manager view the cameras, but at the end of the day it’s council’s discretion.” Harvey said when he makes recommendations like this they could be construed as advice, but when he makes formal recommendations in a report under the act, some can be formed into court orders and have legal force behind them. Compton Hobbs said she would like council to discuss the recommendations with the OIPC, which had been requested previously. Harvey said he wasn’t aware of any such request, and while it would be unusual for him to meet with an individual council, he would like to discuss the recommended changes with the town. He stressed that his office doesn’t have a particular issue with body cameras, but if a public body wants to use them, they have to comply with privacy legislation. Evan Careen, Local Journalism Initiative Reporter, The Telegram
FRANKFURT — The OPEC oil producers' cartel was to push ahead with a new round of discussions Tuesday about how much to pump next year as countries wrestled over whether to extend the production cuts that have been supporting prices depressed by the pandemic.Members adjourned a videoconference after a first day of deliberations Monday ended without an agreement. They also put off from Tuesday to Thursday a meeting with non-OPEC oil producers like Russia, who have been co-ordinating their actions with the cartel in recent years to increase their influence.Oil producing countries face a difficult situation. The pandemic has sapped demand for fuel across the economy, which induced them to cut back production this year to keep prices from sagging even more than they have. Yet the lower production means less revenue for governments that depend on oil sales to fill state coffers.And the outlook for demand is mixed across the globe; economies in the U.S. and Europe have been disrupted by a second upsurge in coronavirus infections, while activity and travel in China have rebounded more strongly.Oil traded 19 cents lower at $45.15 per barrel Tuesday on the New York Mercantile Exchange. That is off from $63 at the start of 2020.The sag in demand has been reflected in lower prices to consumers for auto fuel in the U.S. Gasoline prices at the pump dipped well below $2 per gallon in many parts of the country in May as the pandemic took hold, and have remained flat after a mild rebound. The U.S. average was $2.12 as of Nov. 30, down 45 cents from the same week a year earlier but little changed from this summer, according to the U.S. Energy Information Agency.Analysts at UniCredit bank said the oil producing countries were likely to agree to extend this year's production cuts of about 7.7 million barrels a day.“In our view, the delay should not be a concern and we still expect the current curbs to be extended into the first quarter of 2021,” they said, adding that it is not unusual for OPEC meetings to last longer than scheduled and virtual discussions slow the negotiation process.“Moreover, both Saudi Arabia and Russia – the two leaders of the group – favour an extension of the cuts and this should be enough to square the circle and finalize the deal on Thursday.” Saudi Arabia tends to take a leadership role within OPEC, while Russia is the biggest non-OPEC country to co-ordinate with the cartel.David McHugh, The Associated Press
The remains of a 17-year-old soldier were unearthed four years ago in Belgium — and it turns out they are those of a member of the Newfoundland Regiment, who fought in the First World War and died 103 years ago. The details of the discovery and identity were announced Tuesday at an event at The Rooms in St. John's, with the provincial archivist being acknowledged as having played a major role in the process. Pte. John Lambert died Aug. 16, 1917. He was born July 10, 1900, in St. John's, according to officials with the Department of National Defence and the Canadian Armed Forces. His remains were discovered during an archeological dig near St. Julien, Belgium. There were three other sets of human remains found, but it's not clear if the others have been identified. Lambert's name was memorialized on the Beaumont-Hamel Newfoundland Memorial in Bowring Park, which commemorates soldiers from Newfoundland who died during the First World War and have no known grave. Lambert lied about his age to fight in warAccording to a biography on the federal government's website, Lambert lied about his age and claimed he was 18 years old when, in fact, he was 16. He joined the 2nd Battalion in Scotland, and made his way to France, where he joined the 1st Battalion of the Newfoundland Regiment in June 1917. Members served with the 88th Brigade of the 29th Infantry Division of the British Expeditionary Force.On Aug. 16, 1917, an attack was launched by the Newfoundland Regiment — in what become known as the Battle of Langemarck — with members successfully overtaking the enemy's trenches and bunkers. Lambert suffered wounds during the attack, and later died from them. Another 26 men were killed in that battle. N.L.'s provincial archivist played key roleLambert's remains were found alongside a number of artifacts in 2016. Those included a shoulder title of the Newfoundland Regiment, an Inniskilling Fusiliers cap badge, two Hampshire Regiment shoulder titles, general service buttons, British bullets and a few other small items.DNA samples from the soldier's descendants made it possible to confirm Lambert's identity — making it the first time a Newfoundland Regiment soldier has been identified by this process, according to the provincial government. It was Greg Walsh, the provincial archivist and director of The Rooms' provincial archives, who "provided vital archival research to locate Private Lambert's direct descendants," according to a Newfoundland and Labrador government media release. Walsh, speaking to reporters at Tuesday's event, praised Lambert for being "so courageous."When pressed about the fact that this was the first local case of its kind, Walsh acknowledged the significance, but noted it was a team effort. "I just feel like it was one of the most rewarding things I have ever done, I have ever been asked to do, and I'm so proud of the work I did, and the work we did as a team," he said. "I do feel like we have put a name to a face and that's a huge part of what we do as archivists and we don't get to do that everyday."Patience and tenacityHow Walsh got to the point of identifying the remains was a lesson in patience and tenacity. "Military records confirmed there were 16 Newfoundland Regiment soldiers who had fought in the vicinity, with no known grave. Walsh, began his year-long search with this list of 16 soldiers and proceeded to find living descendants for 13 of the 16," reads a statement. Walsh combed through many information sources, including vital statistics registers, census records, newspaper records, phone books and online search engines, to find anything that might help with the process. Ultimately, it was a combination of historical, genealogical, anthropological, and DNA analysis that helped the Casualty Identification Review Board identify Lambert, according to the government's website.Col. Perry Grandy, who is chairman of the Royal Newfoundland Regiment Advisory Council, said identifying Lambert, and the process that led to that, are both significant. "This has connected our modern day life with something that happened in history that we only read about," Grandy said. Burial to come at 'earliest opportunity'The Canadian Armed Forces have notified Lambert's surviving next of kin, and are providing them with ongoing support, according to the government. Lambert, who was born to Richard and Elizabeth Lambert, will be buried at the Commonwealth War Graves Commission's New Irish Farm Cemetery in West-Vlaanderen, Belgium, as the "earliest opportunity," according to the federal government. It's expected that family members, along with representatives from the Canadian, United Kingdom and Belgian governments will attend, as will representation from the Canadian Armed Forces. Read more from CBC Newfoundland and Labrador
Nonfiction 1. A Promised Land by Barack Obama, narrated by the author (Random House Audio) 2. Greenlights by Matthew McConaughey, narrated by the author (Random House Audio) 3. Unf—k Your Brain by Faith G. Harper, PhD LPC-S ACS ACN, narrated by the author (Blackstone Audio, Inc. ) 4. The Art of War by Sun Tzu, performed by Aidan Gillen (Audible Studios) 5. Atomic Habits by James Clear, narrated by the author (Penguin Audio) 6. Mind Power Mixtape by Common, performed by the author (Audible Originals) 7. Smokey Robinson: Grateful and Blessed by Smokey Robinson, performed by the author (Audible Originals) 8. Habits for Happiness by Dr. Tim Sharp, performed by the author (Audible Original) 9. Becoming by Michelle Obama, narrated by the author (Random House Audio) 10. Be Calm by Jill P. Weber, PhD, narrated by Bernadette Dunne (Blackstone Audio, Inc.) Fiction 1. Ready Player Two by Ernest Cline, narrated by Wil Wheaton (Random House Audio) 2. The Queen’s Gambit by Walter Tevis, narrated by Amy Landon (Blackstone Audio, Inc.) 3. The Awakening by Nora Roberts, narrated by Barrie Kreinik (Macmillan Audio) 4. Rhythm of War by Brandon Sanderson, narrated by Kate Reading & Michael Kramer (Macmillan Audio) 5. Dead Acre by Rhett C. Bruno & Jaime Castle, performed by Roger Clark (Audible Originals) 6. 1984 by George Orwell, narrated by Simon Prebble (Blackstone Audio, Inc.) 7. The Weirdies by Michael Buckley, performed by Kate Winslet (Audible Originals) 8. A Christmas Carol: A Signature Performance by Tim Curry by Charles Dickens, performed by Tim Curry (Audible Studios) 9. Sherlock Holmes by Arthur Conan Doyle & Stephen Fry - introductions, performed by Stephen Fry (Audible Studios) 10. American Gods: The Tenth Anniversary Edition (A Full Cast Production) by Neil Gaiman, narrated by Ron McLarty, Daniel Oreskes & full cast (HarperAudio) The Associated Press
When council had its first look at the capital budget it discussed using outside consultants to complete some crucial planning projects. Southgate needs to do an industrial plan, urban expansion and updates to the official plan and zoning bylaw. Asked why outside help was needed, township planner Clint Stredwick told council it comes down to workload. Of course, subdivision proposals are now coming in regularly he said. “It’s not just residential any more. It’s commercial and industrial… They all require site plans, they require thought,” If he was to take up those extra projects, “you would have people breaking down your door asking where your planner is,” Mr. Stredwick said. Coun. Jason Rice posed the question about the pace of development, and the costs. Mr. Stredwick said that growth will come to an end unless the limits of wastewater capacity are solved. CAO Dave Milliner expanded on that. He agreed that you don’t want to spend money building capacity that isn’t used, and no one can predict if current interest in Dundalk will stay strong. But right now, he said, the demand is high, and he and the planner are fielding many, many calls from people who want to move their business out of Toronto. The new interest in living in Dundalk drives pressure on pricing in our community to almost unaffordable levels for some people, he said, but it also drives the economy. The budget also contains expenses to open up more land for development. About $1.7 million will be spent in 2021 on the first phase of construction of the Highway 10 Bypass, which was deferred to 2021. In 2022, an estimate of $2.3 million is given for the second phase of that construction. About $1 million from the sale of industrial land is expected in 2021, an amount that also was deferred from this year. Water and wastewater are budget categories that don’t come out of resident’s taxes. Money for big water and wastewater projects comes from reserves that are built up from user fees and from Development Charges. Design for the new Dundalk water tower is planned for 2021, with the tower to be built in 2022. Also, servicing will be changed to a loop rather than a dead end at Hagan and Gold Street . While 2021 will see pump replacements, in 2022 about $16 million is forecast for sewage treatment facility upgrades. Work will also have to be done within the next five years on pumping stations to move sewage.M.T. Fernandes, Local Journalism Initiative Reporter, Dundalk Herald
SANTÉ. Il est déjà connu que la pandémie, tout comme les autres types de catastrophes, engendre des séquelles psychologiques importantes dans la population. La docteure Mélissa Généreux, professeure-chercheuse à la Faculté de médecine et des sciences de la santé de l’Université de Sherbrooke, termine une deuxième phase de l’étude québécoise sur les impacts psychosociaux de la pandémie. Elle est maintenant en mesure de comparer les résultats observés avec ceux de septembre dernier. La conclusion : il faut agir, dès maintenant ! «Les jeunes de 18 à 24 ans forment, comme il y a deux mois, le groupe le plus susceptible de présenter des symptômes significatifs d’anxiété ou de dépression majeure (46 %). Les travailleurs de la santé ont toujours eux aussi une prévalence élevée d’anxiété ou de dépression probable (31 %). Les personnes en télétravail s’ajoutent maintenant au lot des personnes affectées psychologiquement par la pandémie dans une proportion de 27 %», précise Mélissa Généreux qui est également médecin-conseil à la Direction de santé publique de l’Estrie. Réalisée auprès de 8 500 adultes, l’enquête s’est déroulée du 6 au 18 novembre dernier dans toutes les régions du Québec. On y apprend que : · Un adulte sur 4 (un jeune adulte sur 2) rapporte des symptômes compatibles avec un trouble d’anxiété généralisée ou une dépression majeure. Ce phénomène est en hausse, surtout chez les hommes et les jeunes. · Les idées suicidaires sérieuses sont 2 fois plus fréquentes qu’avant. · Les troubles psychologiques sont nettement plus présents à Montréal. · Les travailleurs essentiels et les télétravailleurs sont davantage touchés. · Tant la pandémie que l’infodémie influencent la santé psychologique. · Le sentiment de cohérence demeure un facteur protecteur très important. · La consommation abusive d’alcool est en hausse chez les 35 ans et plus. · Seuls 6 adultes sur 10 seraient prêts à recevoir un vaccin (en baisse). · Les consignes sont perçues comme étant exagérées et peu claires par plus du quart de la population. «Alors que l’homologation de vaccins approche, le désir de se faire vacciner diminue. Elle ne se traduit pas par un refus, mais plutôt par une plus forte hésitation à se faire vacciner. Nous attribuons une partie de ce phénomène au faible sentiment de cohérence et aux attitudes négatives face aux consignes gouvernementales : selon l’étude de novembre, ces consignes sont perçues comme étant exagérées et peu claires par plus du quart de la population», explique la professeure-chercheuse en santé publique. Malgré des résultats somme toute inquiétants, Mélissa Généreux est toutefois confiante. «Plus nous en connaissons sur la nature, l’ampleur, la distribution et l’évolution des impacts psychosociaux de la pandémie et les facteurs de risque ou de protection associés, plus nous pouvons éclairer les décisions prises par les autorités. Je suis vraiment fière que nos dernières recommandations permettent aujourd’hui des collaborations pour assurer une prise en charge concrète et immédiate de la situation». En effet, le ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux, par l’entremise du ministre Lionel Carmant, annonçait des investissements de 100 M$ en santé mentale le 2 novembre dernier. Pour instaurer des solutions concrètes à court terme, le ministère s’est adjoint les services de la docteure Mélissa Généreux qui a coordonné avec la communauté de Lac-Mégantic des projets contribuant à renforcer la résilience des individus et des collectivités. Elle agira comme conseillère sur le déploiement de l’organisation pour tout le Québec, d’équipe d’éclaireurs en santé mentale. «L’expertise a été et est encore développée en Estrie, et toutes les instances impliquées collaborent de façon coordonnée. Le tout, bien sûr, dans le but de faire profiter des meilleurs soins et des meilleures pratiques à notre communauté, mais aussi à la population du Québec», conclut Mélissa Généreux. Stéphane Lévesque, Initiative de journalisme local, L'Hebdo Journal
York Regional Police released surveillance video on Tuesday of a convenience store robbery in Richmond Hill in the hope that it will draw in tips. Officers said the robbery occurred the evening of Nov. 3 and they’re working to identify the suspects, both of whom are believed to be men.
CENTRE WELLINGTON – A heritage study in Centre Wellington has identified 18 areas of importance and recommends prioritizing urban areas for further study. At a special committee of the whole meeting on Monday, a Cultural Heritage Landscape (CHL) study draft report was presented to Centre Wellington council. Mariana Iglesias, senior planner with the township, said with recent development pressures in the township they’ve found the need to protect larger areas that are historically and culturally significant. These areas are called CHLs, which the presentation to council identifies as a grouping of heritage features such as buildings, structures, spaces, views, archaeological sites or natural elements valued together. This study was commissioned as a starting point to identify the most significant CHLs in collaboration with the public, Indigenous groups and stakeholders. Annie Veilleux, consultant from Archaeological Services Inc., said the township is known as a scenic area with the Grand River being the backbone of influencing development in the township. “The significant CHLs are spread out throughout the township but are concentrated on the Grand River corridor,” Veilleux said. The study further identified higher priority areas that are more likely to have adjacent development, risk of altering heritage attributes or with more economic and tourism benefits. The report prioritizes the following urban areas for technical studies: Veilleux said CHLs in rural areas tend to be more stable. Also, those owned and managed by the Grand River Conservation Area have existing regulations and protections. These lower priority areas include: Council was very receptive to this report with councillor Kirk McElwain saying it should be part of the local school curriculum. He asked if a CHL designation provides any additional protection and noted that GRCA properties could be threatened by recent proposed changes to conservation authority mandates. Veilleux clarified that this report does not give protections to the CHLs but provides recommended priority areas for further study. “Following this study, the township may take on additional technical studies that are CHL specific and those studies would have the opportunity to develop protection measures for these places,” Veilleux said, adding that these measures could come from the heritage, planning, zoning. The CHL study is open for comments from the public until Jan. 29 where it will be later finalized and approved by council. Keegan Kozolanka, Local Journalism Initiative Reporter, GuelphToday.com
Regina– On Nov. 19, the Ministry of Health released updated modelling information which provided four possible forecasts of what could happen in the coming months as COVID-19 spread across Saskatchewan. Several slides referenced Nov. 29 as part of a 14-day forecast. So what actually happened? Generally speaking, even with regularly climbing daily case counts in Saskatchewan, reality has been much less harsh than those models were predicting. While Saskatchewan has continued to show exponential growth in its 7-day average new case count, reality turned out to be much lower than the projected forecast. The “14 Day Forecast of Lab Confirmed Cases (to Nov. 29, 2020)” slide shows a band of possibilities, with a “50 per cent Forecasted Value” line, the “Upper Credibility Interval (97.5 per cent),” and the “Lower Credibility Interval (2.5 per cent).” The chart also says “*Interpret with caution.” The forecasted 50 per cent value was roughly 1,400 cases per day on Nov. 29, with the upper number coming in around 2,100 and the lower number at 660. In actuality, Saskatchewan’s new case count on Nov. 29 was 351, one of its highest days, but its 7-day average on that day was 250 cases per day. Three days earlier the average case count of 243 cases per day exceeded the 240 case per day level – a doubling from 120 average cases per day reached 16 days earlier on Nov. 10. Saskatchewan had been seeing a doubling of average cases per day roughly every 14 days since Oct. 10. Similarly, the “14 Day Forecast of Acute Hospital Admissions (to Nov. 29, 2020)” was also substantially off the mark. It’s 50 per cent forecast line came in at 90 new admissions per day, with the high mark at 130 and the low mark at 40. The daily COVID-19 updates from the province do not speak of new admissions per day, but rather provide how many people are in hospital, overall new cases, recoveries and deaths. So while the total number of people in hospital may increase by eight, as it did on Nov. 30, there will be churn within the number for people recovering and going home, and new admissions coming in. Thus, in reality, on Nov. 30, Saskatchewan had 123 people in total hospitalized throughout the province, the highest level to date. That was an increase from 115 the day before. On Nov. 30, the 325 new cases also came with were 49 recoveries. There were two deaths reported on Nov. 30, and 23 people were in intensive care. Manitoba and North Dakota compared With 325 new cases announced on Nov. 30, Saskatchewan’s 7-day average is now 262.9 cases per day. That number shows a continuing growth pattern, but perhaps not as sharply as the previous two months had been, and it may no longer be on the same exponential curve that it had been on from Oct. 1 to Nov. 15. In comparison, Manitoba has remained relatively flat since Nov. 13, when its 7-day average case count hit 400.4. Since then there have been fluctuations in the daily count, but the average has remained in a narrow band between 371.6 and 422.7 average cases per day. On Nov. 30, Manitoba’s 7-day average was 392.4 cases per day. Prior to mid-November, Manitoba had been undergoing exponential growth at a rate almost exactly the same as Saskatchewan, but roughly 16 to 18 days ahead of Saskatchewan’s curve. By Dec. 1, that had stretched to 30 days, as Saskatchewan’s growth rate slowed and Manitoba’s flattened out. North Dakota, which received national headlines as one of the worst affected states in the union, has not only flattened its curve, but bent it substantially down in the last two weeks of November. North Dakota, too, had been seeing exponential growth of new COVID-19 cases for the two months leading up to mid-November, albeit at a lower rate of growth than either Saskatchewan or Manitoba. Its overall numbers were much higher, however. North Dakota’s 7-day average crested on Nov. 18, at 1,415.7 average cases per day. Its highest individual case count for a day was 2,278 on Nov. 14. But in the two weeks since, that 7-day average case count made a steady decline, falling to 1035.7 by Nov. 27, and 848.1 on Nov. 30. On an individual day bases, Nov. 30 was the best day North Dakota had seen in over a month, with 598 new cases. The last time the state had a number in the 500s, it was Oct. 26, at 527. Brian Zinchuk, Local Journalism Initiative reporter, Estevan Mercury
The Ontario government has announced it will be providing financial relief for families facing new education-related expenses in the COVID-19 era. The announcement, totalling $380 million, will provide parents or guardians with a one-time payment of $200 for each child aged 0 to 12 or $250 if their child or youth aged up to 21 with special needs. Parents or guardians residing in Ontario will have to complete an online application to apply for the funds — applications will remain open until January 15, 2021. The program was launched Monday at a press conference in Vaughan, by Premier Doug Ford, Stephen Lecce, Minister of Education, and Rod Phillips, Minister of Finance. “During this very difficult period, our parents have been the unsung heroes in the fight against COVID-19, whether it’s screening their child before school or assisting them with remote learning,” said Ford. “Parents have been there for us, and our government will continue to be there for them. That’s why we’re providing additional payments to help families with some of the costs of learning and childcare as we battle the second wave of COVID-19.” The new Support for Learners program was designed to offset additional learning costs, whether their children attend school in person, online or a mix of both. Funds can assist with additional education expenses during COVID-19. This initiative is part of the 2020 Budget, Ontario’s Action Plan: Protect, Support, Recover. “COVID-19 has imposed many costs on families in this province, which is why we are again providing financial support directly in the pockets of working parents,” said Minister Lecce. “Our priority remains keeping schools safe and open, and supporting families every step of the way through this incredible challenge.” To be eligible for funding, you must live in Ontario and be a parent or guardian to a child that is between the ages of zero and 12 or if the child has special needs, the age limit will be increased to 21. For students with special needs, the provincial government is defining special needs as any student reported to be receiving special education programs or services by their school board, any child enrolled in licensed child care reported to be receiving special needs funding or support, and any child identified as having a special need. On the Ontario government website, it indicates that it doesn’t matter if your child is enrolled in school or child care. All children are eligible based on their age. Parents will be eligible to apply if their child attends a publicly funded school, attends a private school, attends a First Nation operated or federally operated school, attends school in-person or online, is homeschooled, is enrolled in child care, or a child that stays home. Only one parent or guardian may apply for each child. Each application will be verified, processed and paid separately. Parents or guardians with more than one child may not receive payments at the same time. Sean Vanderklis is a Niagara-based reporter for the Niagara Falls Review. His reporting is funded by the Canadian government through its Local Journalism Initiative. Reach him via email: firstname.lastname@example.orgSean Vanderklis, Local Journalism Initiative Reporter, Niagara Falls Review
BRUSSELS — European Union lawmakers lashed out Tuesday at the head of Frontex over allegations that the border and coast guard agency helped illegally stop migrants or refugees entering Europe, calling for his resignation and demanding an independent inquiry.The lawmakers grilled Executive Director Fabrice Leggeri over an investigation in October by media outlets Bellingcat, Lighthouse Reports, Der Spiegel, ARD and TV Asahi, which said that video and other publicly available data suggest Frontex “assets were actively involved in one pushback incident at the Greek-Turkish maritime border in the Aegean Sea.”The report said personnel from the agency, which monitors and polices migrant movements around Europe’s borders, were present at another incident and “have been in the vicinity of four more since March.” Frontex launched an internal probe after the news broke.“In his handling of these allegations, Executive Director Fabrice Leggeri has completely lost our trust and it is time for him to resign,” senior Socialist lawmaker Kati Piri said in a statement after the parliamentary civil liberties committee hearing. “There are still far too many unanswered questions on the involvement of Frontex in illegal practices.”Pushbacks are considered contrary to international refugee protection agreements, which say people shouldn't be expelled or returned to a country where their life and safety might be in danger due to their race, religion, nationality or being members of a social or political group.Frontex’s board met to discuss the allegations late last month. The board said afterwards that the European Commission had ordered it to “hold a further extraordinary meeting within the next two weeks in order to consider in more detail the replies provided by the agency.” That meeting is scheduled to take place on Dec. 9.“Migrants and refugees are very vulnerable to pushbacks by border guards,” Greens lawmaker Tineke Strik said. "We must be able to rely on an EU agency which prevents human rights violations from happening and not inflict them. But Frontex seems to be a partner in crime of those who deliberately violate those human rights.”Strik raised doubts about whether the internal Frontex probe would produce results and urged the assembly's political groups to consider launching their own inquiry.Leggeri said that no evidence of any Frontex involvement in pushbacks had been found so far. He said EU member countries have control over operations in their waters, not Frontex, and he called for the rules governing surveillance of Europe's external borders to be clarified.“We have not found evidence that there were active, direct or indirect participation of Frontex staff or officers deployed by Frontex in pushbacks," he told the lawmakers. When it comes to operations, Leggeri said, “only the host member state authorities can decide what has to be done.”Leggeri also said that Frontex staff were under extreme pressure around the time of the alleged incidents in March and April. He said that Turkish F-16 fighter jets had “surrounded” a Danish plane working for Frontex, while vessels were harassed by the Turkish coast guard and shots fired at personnel at land borders.He called for EU “guidance” on how to handle such situations.The allegations are extremely embarrassing for the European Commission. In September it unveiled sweeping new reforms to the EU’s asylum system, which proved dismally inadequate when over 1 million migrants arrived in 2015, many of them Syrian refugees entering the Greek islands via Turkey.Part of the EU's migration reforms includes a system of independent monitoring involving rights experts to ensure that there are no pushbacks at Europe’s borders. Migrant entries have dropped to a relative trickle in recent years, although many migrants still languish on some Greek islands waiting for their asylum claims to be processed or to be sent back.EU Home Affairs Commissioner Ylva Johansson told The Associated Press on Tuesday that she still has confidence in Frontex’s managing board but remains deeply concerned about the allegations.During a visit to Morocco, Johansson said that the report "concerns me a lot. If it’s true, it’s totally unacceptable. A European agency has to comply to EU law and fundamental rights with no excuse.”Johansson said she has “full confidence in the process that (has) gone on in the management board and the sub-group they are setting up” to continue the investigation, but, she noted that “there were a lot of questions put to the director. And he has not answered these questions.”___Tarik El Barakah reported from Rabat, Morocco.Lorne Cook And Tarik El Barakah, The Associated Press
Elliot Page, Halifax's own Hollywood star, has shared that he is transgender.The actor is known for his Oscar-nominated role in Juno, as well as Inception and most recently The Umbrella Academy. He addressed his social media followers on Tuesday with a lengthy Instagram post, in which he shared that he is trans and that he uses the pronouns he/they."I feel lucky to be writing this. To be here. To have arrived at this place in my life. I feel overwhelming gratitude for the incredible people who have supported me along this journey," Page wrote."I love that I am trans. And I love that I am queer. And the more I hold myself close and fully embrace who I am, the more I dream, the more my heart grows and the more I thrive."Page describes 'fragile' joyPage said he has been inspired by many in the trans community, and thanked them for their courage, generosity and working to make the world a more inclusive and compassionate place. While Page said his joy is real, it is also "fragile." Despite feeling profoundly happy and acknowledging his privilege, he is also scared of the invasiveness, the hate, the jokes and the violence.He cited the Human Rights Campaign's figure that nearly 40 trans people have been killed in the United States in 2020 alone, with the majority of those being trans women of colour. "Enough is enough. You aren't being 'cancelled,' you are hurting people. I am one of those people and we won't be silent in the face of your attacks," Page wrote.Outpouring of appreciationThe letter was met with an outpouring of appreciation on social media, with Canadian musicians Tegan and Sara tweeting that Page's strength, bravery and activism is "truly special."The official Umbrella Academy and Netflix accounts also tweeted their support, saying they are "proud of our superhero," in a nod to Page's character Vanya on the popular show.For years, Page has been one of the most visible queer actors in Hollywood since publicly coming out as gay in 2014 during an emotional speech at the Time to Thrive conference, an LGBTQ youth event.He married New York dance teacher Emma Portner a few years ago, and the 2016 series Gaycation saw Page and Ian Daniel explore LGBTQ cultures around the world.Page is also a passionate environmental activist, and made his directorial debut alongside Daniel with There's Something in the Water, a documentary that screened at TIFF last year.Inspired by a book of the same name by Dalhousie University professor Ingrid Waldron, the documentary takes on environmental racism — the way climate change disproportionately affects communities of colour — in Page's home province of Nova Scotia.Through this project, Page learned about the challenges people in Shelburne, N.S., had with contaminated wells. He pledged the money needed for a new community well in the south end of town, which the local council accepted in February.Warm welcome Non-binary CBC journalist Faith Fundal said they were excited by Page's announcement."We're sort of at a time where more and more people are feeling safe to come out, and to look at their own gender identity," Fundal said."And for some folks, like Elliot, realizing that, 'You know what, I'm not who I was gendered to be.'"WATCH | Fundal 'excited' by Page's news:Fundal said in their experience, and based on what they've heard from other trans people, coming out can be a scary experience."There is that very real fear of violence, of being beaten up or kicked out of your community, people not accepting you," they said. "So seeing all of these very positive things [about Page] from folks is heartwarming."Fundal said the people they've talked to are "happy to see this kind of visibility, to see this kind of representation, because representation is important."Nik Basset, an education co-ordinator at the Youth Project in Page's hometown of Halifax, is warmly welcoming Page to the trans community. The Youth Project is an organization offering support and services to LGBTQ youth.Basset, who uses they/them pronouns, told CBC's Mainstreet that they are "so excited for somebody to be moving into their authentic selves.""The courage that it takes to come out and advocate for your identity is a really hard thing to do," they said. "So I'm just really proud of Elliot."While Basset said someone with Page's profile may bring a lot of visibility to the trans community, they cautioned that such visibility is not always representative of social change.LISTEN | Basset welcomes Page to trans community: Basset said actions like misgendering (referring to someone by the wrong pronouns) or deadnaming (referring to someone by their former name) can be very harmful to a trans person.They said they understand what Page meant about his joy being "fragile.""From my lived experience, hearing pronouns that I don't identify with, or hearing my dead name, my given name, it reminds me of a time when I was closeted and afraid and confused," they said."I can't imagine — because I'm not famous — what it will feel like moving forward having this huge body of work tied to a name that they no longer use."Basset said there is a strong, supportive community for those who come out or who are questioning their gender identity."You're valid, no matter what," they said.
Up to $100,000 will be given to the N.W.T. resident or company that submits the strongest proposal for an investment in technology. That financial pledge comes from the N.W.T. Manufacturing Innovation and Technology Contribution, a GNWT fund designed to find a project that will reduce costs, increase productivity for an N.W.T. business, and increase local employment. Members of the N.W.T. Manufacturing Association and new businesses looking to become a manufacturer can apply, as can individual N.W.T. residents. Those applying must be prepared to make an equity contribution of at least 20 per cent of the cost of their proposal. The project seeks to “support and encourage innovation in the N.W.T. manufacturing sector by supporting research into existing and emerging technologies.” Entries must be submitted by December 13. Application details and eligibility criteria can be found on the GNWT’s website.Sarah Sibley, Local Journalism Initiative Reporter, Cabin Radio
SILVER SPRING, Md. — U.S. construction spending jumped 1.3% in October, the fifth straight monthly increase, again on the strength of single-family home building.The October gain follows a strong upward revision to 0.5% in September, from a previous estimate of a 0.3% gain, the Commerce Department reported Tuesday. It's the largest increase since a 2.8% jump in January, before the coronavirus pandemic all but shuttered the U.S. economy. Spending in October was stronger than economists had expected.Single-family home building has been a consistent bright spot for months as a lack of new homes has pushed builders to ramp up projects. Single-family home construction rose 5.6% in October, helping to boost a 2.9% increase in total private residential construction for the month.Nonresidential private construction fell 0.7%, with the category that includes hotels and other lodging falling 3.1%.Spending on government construction projects increased 1% after generally lagging for months, possibly due to budget restraints by state and local governments as the pandemic wiped out large amounts of tax revenue. Construction of roads, schools and public safety projects all increased.During the first ten months of 2020, construction spending is up 4.3% over the same period last year.Matt Ott, The Associated Press
Ottawa Public Health (OPH) is turning to a nasal spray as its primary flu vaccine for residents between the ages of two and 59. FluMist was originally available only for private purchase this year, but is now being offered by the Ontario government as demand continues across the province, according to a memo to the mayor and council from Dr. Vera Etches, the city's medical officer of health.The spray will be available at OPH clinics starting Friday. It will also be distributed to pharmacies and family physicians, OPH said.The unprecedented demand for the influenza vaccine this year caused some pharmacies to run out, delaying vaccination for some Ottawa residents.Nasal spray 'proven to be effective'Etches said the nasal spray, which is authorized for use in Canada in children and adults up to 59, is "proven to be effective" and has the support of the National Advisory Committee on Immunization. OPH has distributed the spray in previous flu seasons, Etches said. Infants, adults over 60, people who are immunosuppressed, pregnant women and those with uncontrolled asthma will receive a flu shot instead of the spray.Concerned about the possibility of a "double pandemic" and the resulting strain on the health-care system, public health officials have been especially adamant about residents getting vaccinated against influenza this season, and residents have apparently heeded the call.More than 48,000 Ottawa residents have been vaccinated against influenza since OPH began the current campaign in October. That's more than four times the number vaccinated during the previous flu season. "OPH will continue to offer available appointments on our website based on community demand and vaccine availability," Etches wrote. "OPH continues to recommend that individuals at high risk of influenza-related complications seek out opportunities to get the flu vaccine as soon as possible."
NEW YORK — Let Thanksgiving have the turkey. Let Christmas have fruitcake. Every other day, it's got to be pizza. So argue Thom and James Elliot, brothers and pizza makers from England who have written a book celebrating the worldwide phenomenon of roundish dough cooked with toppings. In the 270-page “Pizza" (Quadrille), the brothers offer over 30 recipes for homemade pizzas — including a carbonara and one with asparagus and pancetta — as well as eating guides to delicious slices in cities like Rome, Paris, Chicago and New York. It turns out New Haven, Connecticut, has a very distinct and vibrant pizza scene, though its just 70 miles from New York. The Elliots marvel that while the pizza we eat today was invented in Naples in the late 1800s, other cultures have their own versions, from one with spiced ground meat in Lebanon to a baguette topped with mushroom and cheese in Poland. “All these countries came up with this on their own. And that is the definition of a good idea, right?” says James Elliot. “It’s a bit like the way so many cultures created beer independently. Just great ideas make it through.” The brothers include sections on controversial ingredients — pineapple, that’s you — and which drinks to pair with a slice, as well as the various ways people can eat it, from rolling it into a cigar to a technique called the “snag and drag.” They present the info without judgement, refusing to weigh in on whether coal ovens are better than wood or if buffalo milk is better than cow milk for making mozzarella. “There’s that saying: There’s two kinds of people in the world — people that love ABBA and liars,” says James Elliot. “Not all music has to be high and mighty in the same way that not all pizza has to be high and mighty. You can love different songs and different pizzas for all kinds of different reasons.” The origins of the book began when the brothers ditched their regular jobs in 2012 to go to Naples and learn all about pizza. They travelled the length of Italy and the world and, once educated in all things delicious, came back to the United Kingdom to open a chain of pizzerias, Pizza Pilgrims. In Chicago, they encountered that city's famous, dense variation. “We ate four deep dishes a day for five days,” says Thom Elliot. “I really surprised myself. I went to confirm my hatred of it, but actually left being like, ‘This has got a place for sure.’” The book is a distillation of all they learned, from pizza records ("Cheesiest Pizza," “Furthest Pizza Delivery") to how to work with active dry yeast. The working title was “The Pizzapedia,” but the authors felt that didn’t convey their love of the food. “Encyclopedia just feels quite cold and quite factual,” says Thom Ellliot. “We’ve been told by so many people in so many different ways that pizza is not enough to carry a book. ‘There are not enough interesting things to say about pizza.’ And so we have been on this mission for five years to write a longer and longer and longer and longer list of why these people are wrong.” Despite the brothers' obvious respect for the classic Neapolitan version, they acknowledge the impact of the huge pizza-making chains, like Pizza Hut and Domino's. The book includes interviews with their executives, who oversee companies making millions of pizzas a year. “You can’t ignore it. They’re doing something right. Whatever you think, they’re doing something right,” says Thom Ellliot. "They love pizza. These are not people who are just sitting there going, ‘Oh, we don’t care. It's just all about the margin and how do we sell more for less.’” Pizza, to the brothers, is clearly woven into the fabric of humanity, a cheap, delicious, satisfying meal that can be scaled up or down. It's a food we eat when we are celebrating, gathering for entertainment, working hard collectively or when we're just in need of a hug. “Pizza is the place that people turn when they’re struggling, when they break up, when they lose their job, when they’re just having a tough day. Pizza is the food that they talk about — like their spouse — that thing that carries them over the line,” says Thom Ellliot. "I really genuinely think that you don’t get that with any other kind of food, even the ones that people obsess about, like barbeque. People don’t turn to barbecue in their time of need. They geek out about it and they obsess about it and they see perfection. But they don’t have it like a crutch in their life." ___ Mark Kennedy is at http://twitter.com/KennedyTwits Mark Kennedy, The Associated Press