OTTAWA — "We can rebuild our great country — while protecting Canadians from the ongoing threat of COVID-19. We can get Canadians back to work, be proud of the things we grow, build and produce in Canada again. We must have a government that will keep us safe, and ensure that we are never ill-prepared again."— Conservative Leader Erin O'Toole, in his victory speech\---"Congratulations to (Erin O'Toole) on a hard-fought campaign. It’s now time for our (Conservative) party and movement to come together, and to focus on what's most important: ensuring our country gets moving in the right direction again.— Peter MacKay, who placed second in the leadership race\---"Let's all come together and focus on the things that unite us. We must stay squarely concentrated on working together and focusing on the many things we share in common."— Andrew Scheer, in his farewell speech as Conservative leader\---"Congratulations as well to my friend (Leslyn Lewis) on her remarkable showing in the (Conservative) leadership election. Leslyn has broken through many barriers to become a significant voice in Canadian political life. I hope & expect to see great things from her in the future!"— Alberta Premier Jason Kenney\---"Congratulations to the (Conservative party's) newly elected leader (Erin O'Toole)! I look forward to working with you as we move forward in rebuilding and strengthening Ontario's economy."— Ontario Premier Doug Ford\---"We have a real chance to build a Canada that is healthier and safer, greener, more fair, and more competitive, and while we will have our differences, we hope the Conservative leader will join us in that work.— Suzanne Cowan, Liberal Party of Canada president\---"We expect that Erin O'Toole will ensure that social conservatives are respected and their values represented within the party going forward. If he disrespects the tens of thousands of grassroots members who voted for (Leslyn) Lewis and (Derek) Sloan, he will definitely lose the next general election. Everybody knows you can't win a general election without your base."— Jeff Gunnarson, national president of Campaign Life CoalitionThis report by The Canadian Press was first published Aug. 24, 2020.The Canadian Press
OTTAWA — A new research paper says Canadian intelligence assessments on Iraq were generally accurate in the run-up to the U.S.-led invasion of 2003 — unlike reports produced in Washington and London that were used to justify war.Almost nothing has been said outside government circles about Canadian judgments that Saddam Hussein had no active weapons of mass destruction program, the paper says — partly to avoid embarrassing American and British counterparts."Canada's intelligence assessments on Iraq in 2002 and 2003 subsequently turned out to be largely correct, while the analysis of most other countries on key Iraq issues — as far as is publicly known — was flawed," concludes the paper, recently published in the journal Intelligence and National Security."The most notable difference in the Canadian case was the lack of any significant political or other outside pressure on assessment organizations to slant the Iraq analysis in a particular direction.""Getting it Right: Canadian Intelligence Assessments on Iraq, 2002-2003" was researched and written by Alan Barnes, a senior fellow at the Centre for Security, Intelligence and Defence Studies at Carleton University's Norman Paterson School of International Affairs.He is far from a neutral party on the topic, having been closely involved with the production of the Canadian assessments on Iraq during this period. He was lead drafter of 21 analyses by the Privy Council Office's Intelligence Assessment Secretariat (IAS) and, as director of the secretariat's Middle East and Africa Division, supervised the production of 20 others.Barnes also drew on documents released by key federal agencies over the years — though much classified material remains under wraps — as well as interviews with 11 managers and analysts from the intelligence community who were involved in the assessments.He found that Canada's assessments of U.S. policy on Iraq, Baghdad's weapons capabilities, the regional implications of an invasion and the subsequent internal instability of Iraq proved to be generally on the mark.The paper also points to evidence the information was included in briefings given to then-prime minister Jean Chretien, whose Liberal government decided not to participate in the Iraq War.In late August 2002, a Canadian interdepartmental experts group completed an assessment of Iraq's weapons of mass destruction programs, including chemical, biological and nuclear arms.It concluded any remaining chemical agents or ballistic missiles from prior to the 1991 Gulf War could only exist in very small quantities, and would likely no longer be useful because of poor storage conditions, Barnes writes.The question of whether Baghdad was rebuilding its WMD capabilities since the departure of United Nations inspectors in 1998 got to the heart of the U.S. administration's claims that Iraq was a growing threat to the world, the paper says.Canadian analysts "could see no convincing indications that Iraq was reconstituting its nuclear program. They did not have confidence in the soundness of the evidence being cited by the U.S. as proof of Iraqi nuclear activity."Nor could the analysts detect signs that Baghdad had restarted production of chemical weapons or was preparing to do so.The extensive sharing of intelligence meant that analysts in the Five Eyes alliance — the U.S., Britain, Canada, Australia and New Zealand — were largely working with the same body of information in trying to make sense of things.Analysts in Ottawa were well aware of the disagreements taking place in the other Five Eyes countries over Iraq's purported WMDs, as well as the pressure put on analysts in those countries by senior officials to come up with specific conclusions to support the policy line, Barnes says.He detected a fairly consistent pattern:— In their one-on-one interactions with their Canadian counterparts, allied analysts often expressed reservations about the evidence and avoided firm judgments;— The classified written intelligence products that Canada received from allies would express firmer, but still qualified, conclusions while acknowledging the limits of the information;— Finally, the public position of allied governments — in statements by senior officials or documents released to the public — would express unconditional conclusions on the basis of what was claimed to be conclusive evidence."The knowledge that many allied analysts shared similar reservations about the quality of the information on Iraq's WMDs gave Canadian analysts and managers greater confidence that they were on the right track," the paper says.Even so, there were differing views.Canadian Security Intelligence Service analysis of Iraq's mass-destruction capabilities tended to support the claims coming from Washington, Barnes found."This is likely a reflection of the discomfort of CSIS managers and analysts at being out of step with the U.S. intelligence community on a critical issue which might compromise their close operational links."A CSIS report that said Saddam appeared eager to quickly acquire a nuclear weapons capability was withdrawn after the IAS raised concerns, Barnes says."However, by then it had been shared with the U.S., giving Washington the impression that the Canadian intelligence community concurred with the U.S. claims when this was not the case."In contrast, National Defence analysts had extensive knowledge of these issues, gleaned from participation in the earlier UN inspections in Iraq and "intimate familiarity with the available intelligence over the previous decade." In early March 2003, Defence published "Iraq: No Smoke, No Gun," which deemed it unlikely that WMDs would be found.Indeed, only a small number of abandoned chemical munitions from prior to 1991 were ultimately discovered in Iraq.The IAS assessments were a significant element of verbal briefings on Iraq given to Chretien by Claude Laverdure, the foreign and defence policy adviser to the prime minister, the paper says.Chretien, skeptical of the U.S. rationale, took the position that Canada would support military action against Iraq if it were sanctioned by the UN Security Council.In his memoirs, Chretien says he told then-U.S. President George W. Bush in September 2002: "I have to tell you, I've been reading all my briefings about the weapons of mass destruction and I'm not convinced. I think the evidence is very shaky."Laverdure said to Barnes he remembers tough discussions in various meetings with Bush and then-British prime minister Tony Blair, as well as with other senior U.S. and U.K. officials, who demanded to know why the Canadians refused to accept the conclusions in the American and British reports.During one meeting, Laverdure recalled, Blair "was mad, mad, mad and Chretien became irritated ... Blair kept saying to Jean Chretien, 'Can't you see it, we get the same reports,' and Chretien replied, 'No, I don't see it.'"In normal circumstances, almost all Canadian intelligence assessments dealing with foreign and defence matters are shared, in whole or in part, with the Five Eyes allies, Barnes writes."This did not happen with IAS assessments on Iraq, which were classified 'Canadian Eyes Only' in order to avoid uncomfortable disagreements with the U.S. intelligence community which would exacerbate the sensitivities affecting relations at the political level."Barnes says that when Robert Wright became Canada's security and intelligence co-ordinator in April 2003 he asked to see all of the IAS reporting on Iraq's WMDs.Wright would later make it clear "that there was to be no 'triumphalism' for having made more accurate assessments."Barnes notes the only public acknowledgment of the Canadian record was an op-ed piece by Paul Heinbecker, Canada's ambassador to the UN during the Iraq crisis, which discussed U.S. intelligence and included a cryptic comment: "The Canadian analysis was better."This report by The Canadian Press was first published Aug. 23, 2020Jim Bronskill , The Canadian Press
Temporary plaques exposing the history of the families behind some of Toronto's street names have been spotted around the city.But the person behind them has chosen to remain anonymous.Essex County Black Historical Research Society president Irene Moore Davis was sent a photo of these plaques last week by an acquaintance who noticed Davis was quoted on them. "They wanted me to be aware of it because my name was on it," she said. The plaques give a brief history behind the name of the streets, emphasizing the relationship between the name and Black history.In total, five temporary plaques were installed around the city, but it's unclear how many still remain.One of the plaques, installed in the Baby Point area of Toronto, reads, "These roads are named after Jacques 'James' Baby. He was a member of the Baby family who enslaved at least 17 Black and Indigenous people in the late 18th and early 19th centuries in Canada. Some of these enslaved people were 'passed down' through the generations of the Baby family."Davis said while they were "fairly well-to-do" people, citing their involvement in the military and the Legislative Council of Upper Canada rarely recognized their slave-owning history."In all of that glorification of the Baby family, no one ever mentions they were slave owners," she said, adding that these slaves "were passed around like property."She was quoted in the plaque saying, "What we accept, what we honour, who we choose to honour, says a lot about what we value as a society."Another plaque outlines the history of the Jarvis family, explaining, in part, that William Jarvis "vehemently opposed" making slavery illegal in Upper Canada in 1793, "which meant that enslavement was gradually phased out instead of being abolished."When Davis saw the photos of the plaques, she said she was "just amazed" and keen to find out who was behind it. She reached out to all of her friends in the Black history community but came up short."Nobody had any clue who was doing this," she said.After posting the photos to her social media platforms, Davis said the person behind the plaques messaged her directly but asked to remain anonymous. Renewed focus on systemic anti-Black racismThe plaque instalments follow a similar call for education on street names when thousands signed a petition to change the name of Dundas Street that was named after Henry Dundas, an 18th-century politician who delayed Britain's abolition of the slave trade by 15 years. Both are part of a renewed focus on systemic anti-Black racism after the death of George Floyd in Minneapolis on May 25, putting the issue of street names and historical monuments back in the spotlight. While there has been a lot of discussion on what to do with these street names and monuments, Davis said she thinks people will be better educated with more context and education."Unless it was something like a Confederate general statue, which nobody needs to see in a public place ... I'm [of] the mind that we educate people better by adding to what's already there."From her interactions, she found people share a similar mindset."What I'm seeing across social media, and just in conversations with people, is that they want to see more of that," Davis said.She suggested investing in more durable and permanent plaques to outline the historical context in different parts of the city. At a city hall briefing in June, Mayor John Tory said he had asked city manager Chris Murray to form a working group of staff from relevant departments, including the Confronting Anti-Black Racism and the Indigenous Affairs office, to examine the issue of renaming streets in a broader sense.
Parents and teachers continue to voice their concern about Quebec's back-to-school plan. On Sunday, about a hundred gathered outside the Montreal office of Quebec's Education Ministry, calling for stronger COVID-19 prevention measures. The protest was organized by a group of Quebec educators advocating for more progressive policies in education, the Travailleuses et travailleurs progressistes de l'éducation. The protesters say they want smaller class size and more custodian staff hired at the schools to regularly disinfect common spaces. "We think the idea of having upwards of 35 students per class in high schools is completely unrealistic," said Alex Pelchat, an organizer of the protest and a Grade 5 French and math teacher for the Centre de services scolaires de Montréal.Pelchat said classes should be reduced to about a third of their current size. "There is no way teachers will be able to clean everything themselves without additional budgets and additional human resources," he added.Earlier this month, Education Minister Jean-François Roberge unveiled the province's revised plan for elementary and high school students' return to school this fall. Students in Grade 5 and up must wear masks in common areas, except classrooms. Physical distancing will not be enforced in classrooms, though children must remain two metres away from teachers.The return to class is mandatory for all students unless they or a close family member present a doctor's note exempting them because of an underlying health condition. Those students will be allowed to access an online-learning program.Amid calls for smaller class sizes, teachers' unions have denounced a shortage of educators, pointing to hundreds of unfilled positions across the province.The Health Ministry has released a set of guidelines for doctors issuing medical exemption notes, including a list of medical conditions and severity levels that would qualify for a note.Paul Robichaud, whose children are going into Grade 7 and Grade 4 at English Montreal School Board schools, wants online-learning to be available to every family."I'm very, very worried. We have existing health conditions in our family that aren't on the list," Robichaud said, referring to the guidelines set out by the Health Ministry."If one of us catches COVID-19, it could be a disaster."Laura Wills, a mother of two children going into Grade 5 and Grade 2, says she worries about class sizes. "Every child has a life outside of school — a social life and a family life — and that bubble will be exponentially exposed to many other bubbles," she said.In an emailed statement to CBC, an Education Ministry spokesperson said there are no plans to further revise the back-to-school measures. "We understand some may have worries, but they have to trust our public health experts, who are in a better position than anybody to judge the efficiency of the measures we're putting in place," the statement said.Anti-maskers gather in Quebec CityIn Quebec City, a much larger crowd of about a thousand protested against children wearing masks in schools at all, saying it infringes on children's freedom.Conservative pundit Eric Duhaime co-organized the protest. He said although he believes the virus is real, the government's measures against it are "exaggerated.""Now, they're attacking 10-year-olds," Duhaime said. "What unites us is we don't want the government to touch our children, and putting a mask on a 10-year-old doesn't make sense."For most Quebec students, the new school year begins within the next week.
Kellyanne Conway, one of President Donald Trump’s most influential and longest serving advisers, announced Sunday that she would be leaving the White House at the end of the month. Conway, Trump’s campaign manager during the stretch run of the 2016 race, was the first woman to successfully steer a White House bid, then became a senior counsellor to the president. Conway cited a need to spend time with her four children in a resignation letter she posted Sunday night.
OTTAWA — Conservative members sought stability Monday in choosing Erin O'Toole as leader after a campaign where he focused on keeping the party close to its "true blue" fundamentals.O'Toole secured his victory in the leadership race after three rounds of counting.The results had been expected Sunday night but were delayed into the early hours of Monday morning after problems opening the envelopes containing several thousand of the estimated 175,000 ballots sent in by mail."To the millions of Canadians that are still up, that I'm meeting tonight for the first time: Good morning. I'm Erin O'Toole, you're going to be seeing and hearing a lot from me in the coming weeks and months," O'Toole said in his victory speech."But I want you to know from the start that I am here to fight for you and your family."His victory over rival Peter MacKay could spell the end of MacKay's political career. It is also likely to immediately raise questions about the future for progressive Conservatives in the party, who hoped that with MacKay, the party could finally move past the debates around social conservative issues.In a message on social media, MacKay offered his congratulations to O'Toole after the hard-fought campaign."It's now time for our (Conservative) party and movement to come together, and to focus on what's most important: ensuring our country gets moving in the right direction again," he said. Even if MacKay had won, he would have found himself grappling with the surprise success of Leslyn Lewis, the Toronto lawyer who placed third in the contest, despite never holding office and entering the race as a near-total unknown to most, but not all.Alberta Premier Jason Kenney, who had endorsed O'Toole, called Lewis a friend, and said her showing in the campaign remarkable."Leslyn has broken through many barriers to become a significant voice in Canadian political life. I hope and expect to see great things from her in the future!" he wrote on Twitter early Monday. Derek Sloan, who was also running with the support of social conservatives, placed fourth with 4,864 of the available points after the first round of counting.O'Toole's victory reflects a pitch he'd made to both their supporters in the waning weeks of the race, asking them to use the ranked ballot to make him their number 2 or number 3 choice.His sell: with a seat in Parliament, and the political experience necessary for the job, he was the best choice to lead the party forward, but he would ensure their views would remain respected as well.Bringing together the party's various factions will be one of O'Toole's challenges, and the results also showed some fault lines regionally.In the first round, Lewis beat out both O'Toole and MacKay in Saskatchewan and placed second to O'Toole in Alberta, a reflection of her ability to connect strongly with the grassroots there.With none of the four candidates hailing from the West, all eyes had been on how the party's western base would voice its concerns over the candidates and the campaigns in the vote.O'Toole spoke to them, to voters in Quebec, and to all prospective Conservative voters in his speech Monday morning, saying that no matter a person's race or religion, sexual orientation, how long they've been in Canada, income level or education, they matter."You are an important part of Canada and you have a home in the Conservative Party of Canada," he said.O'Toole takes over the party — and the job of Official Opposition leader — exactly a month before the minority Liberal government will deliver a throne speech laying out a post-pandemic recovery plan.The vote on the speech is a confidence motion and the Liberals have all but dared the Tories to try to bring them down.The Liberals congratulated O'Toole but also warned him."We have a real chance to build a Canada that is healthier and safer, greener, more fair, and more competitive, and while we will have our differences, we hope the Conservative leader will join us in that work," party president Suzanne Cowan said in a statement. "We also hope Mr. O'Toole will reconsider continuing to push the same policies of Stephen Harper and Andrew Scheer that he also proposed in this leadership campaign. They would take Canada backward by making harmful cuts to services that Canadians count on, weakening Canada's gun control laws, rolling back our work to fight climate change, and much more."Much of the leadership race itself was shaped by the pandemic. The vote was supposed to take place in June, but was pushed back and for a time, the campaign itself was paused.A leadership convention, the kind filled with thousands of supporters, was jettisoned in favour of a hybrid in-person and virtual results reveal after an entirely mail-in ballot vote.Those had to be returned by Friday. While counting was underway throughout Sunday, the machines tasked with slicing envelopes malfunctioned, requiring several thousand ballots to be extracted and replicated by hand under the close eye of scrutineers.It led to an excruciating wait for the candidates, their campaigns, and the party staff and volunteers. MacKay passed the time doing push-ups in his hotel suite, O'Toole doing live Zoom chats with supporters.This report by The Canadian Press was first published Aug. 24, 2020.Stephanie Levitz, The Canadian Press
Former correctional officer Levan Francis has spent the past eight years fighting for justice after he was targeted on the job for being Black.He says his battle for human rights, which has been plagued by procedural delays, has left him broke, and broken.Francis, 50, said he enjoyed working for B.C. Corrections while he was stationed in Vancouver. But in 2006 he was transferred to North Fraser Pretrial Centre in Port Coquitlam, where he said he faced racial slurs and even physical attacks. He filed a complaint to the B.C. Human Rights Tribunal in 2012 and left his job soon after.It took seven years for Francis to win validation, after the Human Rights Tribunal issued a 106-page decision on July 4, 2019, that found his complaint was justified and his workplace "poisonous."Half of that time — 3½ years — was taken up with delays after new lawyers took over on both sides and a tribunal member retired.Francis described the tribunal's verdict as bittersweet because, by then, the drawn-out fight had cost him his career, his family home and his mental health."[The province] is actually looking to defend racism. To me, it's mind blowing," said the father of two, who is now renting in Delta, B.C., after losing his home in an attempt to finance his legal fight.Now Francis faces an even longer wait for justice, after a request by his lawyer to expedite the compensation part of the tribunal process was denied on Aug. 13.The parties will head back to the tribunal to determine remedies on Dec. 1. Francis is claiming personal injury, loss of income, plus legal costs.PTSD, anxiety, depressionBarbados-born Francis moved to Richmond, B.C., in the 1980s. In the 1990s he was on the B.C. Lions practice roster, and coached junior football for years. He started work with B.C. Corrections in 2000."I was good at my job. I treated inmates like human beings. But things just kept coming at me and it comes to the point when I'd had enough," said Francis.He said things only got worse at work after he filed his complaint, and he was forced to quit."I've been harassed, humiliated, slandered. It's unbelievable. I just used the platform [a human rights complaint] that's there for anyone in government to use and I'm being abused for it," he said.He represented himself during the delay-plagued hearings, which took just 13 days over a span of five years between 2014 and 2019 and heard testimony from 21 staffers in defence of B.C. Corrections. Lawyer Larry Smeets took on Francis' case in 2019. He said health issues — including PTSD, anxiety and depression — have left his client unable to work.Smeets has logged more than 400 hours and estimates total legal costs could top $100,000.Lawyer Peter Gall — a partner in a firm that employs former attorney general Geoff Plant — is acting for the province. Officials said they can't confirm how much of the $769,108 paid by the province to his firm in 2018-19 relate to the Francis complaint.Barrage of slursIn her decision last July, Human Rights Tribunal Chair Diana Juricevic said Francis had been labelled a troublemaker at the 330-bed pretrial facility in Port Coquitlam for advocating for equal treatment, and B.C. Corrections had failed to provide a respectful work environment free of discrimination.During the hearings, the tribunal heard how Francis had been subject to a barrage of slurs, including the N-word and "Toby.""The slur 'Toby' is a reference to a rebellious slave who was eventually caught by his slave master who maimed his foot so that he would be easier to control," Juricevic explained in her ruling.Francis recalls how one co-worker "tapped his skin" and said "we don't like your kind here." Another time, a supervisor rammed a forearm into Francis' chest.Key B.C. Corrections staff named in the initial complaint have since been promoted."I was devastated. It really hit the core of my soul. I just can't believe how they handled it," Francis said.Both the attorney general and the minister of public safety declined to comment on the ongoing case, citing privacy concerns.The public safety ministry said there is "no place for racism within the provincial public service … we recognize our duty to set an example and we know there is significant work to do to address broader issues of systemic racism."Francis said seeing racism on the job was "sickening." He says the retribution he faced on the job after he filed the complaint just underlines the systemic issues."I'm living proof of it. And at the end of the day, I haven't done anything wrong to be treated this way," he said.
A 75-year-old book containing the thoughts, sketches and hopes of Holocaust survivors is the subject of a new virtual exhibit by the Victoria Shoah Project.Scrolling through the pages of the Theresienstadt Autograph Book, Richard Kool, a member of the Victoria Shoah Project, says he is struck by how hopeful it is."These people had all just survived this extraordinary event. They were among very, very few people who walked into concentration camps and came out alive," said Kool on CBC's All Points West. The book, which was created in 1945 just before the camp was liberated on May 8, contains about 40 pages of handwritten autographs, sketches and aphorisms from people in the Theresienstadt concentration camp and ghetto, located in a Nazi-occupied region of then-Czechoslovakia.It belonged to a Danish violinist named Mænni Ruben, a 21-year-old man who was sent to Theresienstadt with his family in 1943 by the occupying Nazis. They were among tens of thousands of other Jews from the Czech Republic, Austria, Denmark, Germany and the Netherlands sent to the site.According to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, Theresienstadt mainly served as a transit site to deport people to further camps in Eastern Europe. Approximately 140,000 Jews were transferred to Theresienstadt, according to the museum, and nearly 90,000 were deported to other camps further east, where they faced almost certain death. Roughly 33,000 died in Theresienstadt itself.There were many artists, writers, professors, musicians, and actors at Theresienstadt. They attempted to create a rich cultural life at the site and hold clandestine schooling for children in the camp who were forbidden from receiving an education. The autograph book is a collection of these survivors' thoughts and memories, as well as hopes for the future. "They were great rabbis, religious leaders, composers of music, some of whom went on to very distinguished careers afterwards," said Kool. "They came out alive with their art, with their artistry, with their music and their ability to go back to a life of creativity."Ruben died in 1976 and his wife Susi Deston ended up remarrying and moving to Victoria. The Victoria Shoah Project received access to the book after Deston gave it to Rabbi Harry Brechner of Congregation Emanu-El for safe-keeping before her death in 2018.The Victoria Shoah Project has created an online exhibit with translations of the pages of the autograph book. The actual book is in the final stages of being donated to the Canadian Museum for Human Rights in Winnipeg.Listen to the segment on CBC's All Points West here:
Penticton, B.C. fire chief Larry Watkinson said on Sunday during an update on the wildfires burning in the province that the threat to homes and businesses from the Christie Mountain wildfire was "pretty limited" because of the work done ahead of time. He said they raised the humidity around the homes in the vicinity of the fire to the point they haven't seen other ignitions aside from small brushes they were able to extinguish. He added they had fires burn up to lines they established but it did not ignite the homes.
Warning: This story contains graphic detailsIt happened at the end of a long shift serving tables at Earls restaurant in Regina.Mary, not her real name, stopped by the general manager's office to hand over cash and credit card slips."I asked him if there was anything else he wanted me to do before leaving work, and he goes, 'Just suck my c—k and you'll be good,'" she said.Mary is one of 17 women who came forward last month and accused Jim Demeray, a high-profile mental health advocate and former restaurant manager, of verbally sexually harassing young female staff on a daily basis during his time at two Earls restaurants in Regina.Demeray, who has since resigned from his mental health position, called the allegations "baseless and untrue.""That was a slap in the face. Honestly he could have said, 'I'm sorry. I worked in the restaurant industry, it was six years ago, I've changed, I've grown.' But he didn't," Mary said.But in an era when so many apologies are fraught with defensiveness and denial, would "sorry" make a difference? Does one man's resignation lead to any systemic change?If one measures the success of the MeToo movement by taking "a head count of the number of prominent people who have been fired, sued, prosecuted, or forced to resign as a result of MeToo claims … the movement is certainly a failure," said law professor and former employment lawyer Charlotte Anderson.> We have seen a lot of public apologies that are slippery, sleazy, dishonest, gaslighting and really totally void of accountability. \- Dr. Harriet Lerner, psychologist and authorThe list of shamed men may seem long — movie producer Harvey Weinstein, presidential candidate Michael Bloomberg, former CBC radio host Jian Ghomeshi, former Canadian senator Don Meredith, Toronto theatre founder Albert Schultz and more — but in reality the number of people who have been held accountable on some level is a tiny fraction of those who have perpetuated sexual harassment and unwelcome sexual behaviour in the workplace.Anderson decided to study more than 200 public statements made by people accused of work-related sexual harassment and misconduct since the MeToo movement began in October 2017 to determine whether their words offer any hint of individual or structural change."The text offers up little hope," Anderson concluded in her paper, "Sorry (Not Sorry): Decoding MeToo Defences," slated for publication this fall in The Texas Law Review.She found only a third of statements including an apology of any kind, and most included denials or defences.A breakdown of her findings in a moment, but first, why apologies matter.Don't ask for forgiveness, says psychologistDr. Harriet Lerner is a psychologist and author of Why Won't You Apologize? Healing Big Betrayals and Everyday Hurts."When done right, the apology is deeply healing," said Lerner. "A good apology can help free the hurt person from life-draining anger, bitterness and pain. It validates their reality."Lerner says people resist giving apologies because we're all "wired for defensiveness.""There are certain emotions that we are wired to try to deny or avoid, like shame, like guilt," she said. "We need to protect a certain image of our own self and defensiveness is part of surviving in this world… It really gets us into trouble when we need to apologize."Actor Kevin Spacey's apology triggered even more anger. The two-time Oscar winner was accused of trying to seduce actor Anthony Rapp when he was just 14 years old.Spacey posted on Twitter, "[I]f I did behave then as he describes, I owe him the sincerest apology," then went on to say he didn't remember the alleged encounter from 30 years earlier and would have been drunk.Then, Spacey chose that moment to come out as gay, which was slammed by many in the LGBTQ community who said it distracted from the allegations of sexual assault.Lerner says most people muck up their apologies by inserting explanations, 'ifs' and 'buts,' and by asking for forgiveness."In a real apology, one doesn't ask for forgiveness. A real apology does not ask the hurt party to do anything, not even to forgive," she said.The psychologist hasn't been impressed by the flood of public apologies, and non-apologies, in the MeToo era."We have seen a lot of public apologies that are slippery, sleazy, dishonest, gaslighting and really totally void of accountability," she said.Defences and DenialsIn Charlotte Anderson's research, she separated 219 public statements into four categories — full admission, full denial, defence, and other — then she examined the text for apologies, emotion, authenticity, and any acknowledgement of structural issues, such as power imbalances and the need for change.Even statements that had apologies, often included a defence too.Among the most popular defences, the accused would argue that there was a difference in perception of what happened, that the accused's actions were not violent, not illegal, and had not resulted in any previous complaints, that it was a joke or that "times have changed."The "it was a different time" defence was put forward most famously by movie producer (and now convicted rapist) Harvey Weinstein in 2017 in response to multiple allegations of sexual assault and harassment."I came of age in the '60s and '70s, when all the rules about behaviour and workplaces were different. That was the culture then," said Weinstein.WATCH | Advocate for sexual assault survivors explains why apologies matter:Anderson also found that more than half of the statements extolled the accused person's accomplishments or framed him as an "ally" of the women's movement, feminism and the MeToo movement generally.For example, when TV icon Charlie Rose was accused by eight women of unwelcome sexual advances, including exposing himself and groping, he issued a statement that positioned himself as a champion of women in the workplace, and suggested there were different perceptions of what happened."In my 45 years in journalism, I have prided myself on being an advocate for the careers of the women with whom I have worked," Rose said. "[T]hough I do not believe that all of these allegations are accurate. I always felt that I was pursuing shared feelings, even though I now realize I was mistaken."Comedian Louis C.K. issued a 10-paragraph statement that confirmed allegations of sexual misconduct were true. Critics noted that he didn't actually apologize and managed to insert four times how much he was admired.Road to RedemptionOne of Regina's feistiest feminists and most vocal advocates for sexual assault survivors gets a little frustrated when men who have been accused by multiple women of sexual harassment can't seem to take responsibility and apologize."We need people to be accountable. 'I'm sorry I did this. I didn't know better then, I do know better now. And, I will be better,'" Jill Arnott said, offering up her own script.Arnott, the executive director of the University of Regina Women's Centre, yearns for apologies and introspection because she believes it's one of the first steps toward meaningful change.The MeToo movement has reverberated through Regina this summer with several high-profile men being accused of sexual misconduct — including a mayoral candidate, a musician, and leaders in the nonprofit community. An Instagram account has contributed to that by inviting anonymous accusers to name Regina men who they allege assaulted, harassed or abused them.The focus on redemption for sexual harassers can irk some advocates who see it as more evidence that society cares less about the pain and trauma inflicted on victims than about the careers and reputations of men.But Arnott believes merely casting a handful of men aside as pariahs won't achieve deep changes within the patriarchal culture that perpetuates sexism. "I don't want to live in a world where redemption isn't possible and where we don't have space for people to learn to be better once they know," Arnott said. "There has to be room for change or what are we doing this for? Why are we talking about it?""People can't undo the things they did but what they can do is pursue something better. Acknowledge it. Apologize. Right? And then pursue something better," Arnott said.Need more than public statements and shamingNeither Dr. Harriet Lerner nor professor Charlotte Anderson see knocking a powerful man off his pedestal, or receiving a public apology, as a benchmark for progress in the MeToo movement."Public apologies are performances," said Lerner. "At the time of a public apology, the wrongdoer wants to save his own skin. That is a perfectly normal human impulse. But the person that the wrongdoer feels genuinely sorry for is himself."And if those apologies are performances, then Anderson would rate them as bad ones.She said her bleak findings reveal that there is still a lack of awareness of what counts as sexual harassment, how engrained it is in our society and institutions, and what actions must be taken to stamp it out."'Take downs' have become a distraction ... a sideshow," she said. "The real work has got to be rolling up our sleeves and looking at the assumptions of what it means to be a woman at work, and what it means to be a man at work."
The 2020 Republican National Convention gets underway Monday in Charlotte, North Carolina.Unlike the Democratic National Convention, which was entirely virtual, a modified in-person gathering will happen over four days in Charlotte, with fewer delegates and staff than the Republican National Committee normally requires.WATCH | Trump campaign shakes off criticism, fresh family drama ahead of RNC:All participants will go through COVID-19 screening prior to arriving in Charlotte, wear masks and undergo daily temperature and symptoms checks. Social distancing will be required in all venues, according to a statement on the convention website.The formal nomination of U.S. President Donald Trump and Vice-President Mike Pence to run again as Republican candidates in the November presidential election will take place Monday.Here's how to follow along on CBC News Network and online at CBCNews.ca:Monday to Thursday (Aug. 24-27)Vassy Kapelos hosts an extended edition of Power and Politics previewing the Republican National Convention starting at 7 p.m. ET.At 8 p.m. ET, America Votes: The Republican National Convention, gets underway, hosted by Carole MacNeil and Lyndsay Duncombe with Katie Simpson.The National airs at 9 p.m. ET with extensive coverage of the convention.At 10 p.m., CBC News Network returns to America Votes: The Republican National Convention, hosted by Carole MacNeil and Lyndsay Duncombe with Katie Simpson.Meanwhile, CBCNews.ca will stream prime-time events live between 9 p.m. and 11 p.m. ET.Trump is reportedly planning to speak on all four nights, though he's officially scheduled on Thursday.Key speakers Monday * Sen. Tim Scott of South Carolina * Nikki Haley, former U.S. ambassador to the United Nations * Kimberly Guilfoyle, senior advisor to the Trump Campaign and former * Ronna McDaniel, Republican National Committee chair * Rep. Vernon Jones of Georgia * Donald Trump, Jr.Key speakers Tuesday * Melania Trump * Mike Pompeo, Secretary of State * Sen. Rand Paul of Kentucky * Pam Bondi, Former Florida Attorney General * Eric Trump, Donald Trump's son * Tiffany Trump, Donald Trump's daughterKey speakers Wednesday * Mike Pence * Karen Pence, wife of vice-president * Kellyanne Conway, White House counsellor * Sen. Marsha Blackburn of Tennessee * Lara Trump, wife of Eric TrumpKey speakers Thursday * Donald Trump * Mitch McConnell, Senate Majority Leader * Ivanka Trump, White House senior adviser and daughter of Donald Trump * Rudy Giuliani, former New York mayor * Sen. Tom Cotton of ArkansasYou can find more details about the convention here.
Real Canadian Superstore and No Frills say starting Saturday, Aug. 29, masks or face coverings will be mandatory at all their locations across Canada, according to posts to customers on social media.A Vancouver Superstore location says there will be exemptions to the policy for children and people unable to wear masks due to medical reasons. The reactions online to the posts were mixed, but the two companies say they're doing it to help stop the spread of COVID-19. Loblaws, which owns the companies, previously said it has physical distancing and disinfection policies in place at its stores.The new mask policy will align them with other grocery chains like Walmart and sister brand, T & T, who already require their customers to wear masks. "We believe wearing a face mask or face covering is one of the most effective ways to prevent the spread of COVID-19," said T & T CEO Tina Lee in the statement.Real Canadian Superstore has 28 locations around B.C., while No Frills has 23.There's no word on whether the policy will soon extend to other Loblaws companies like Shoppers Drug Mart, which requires masks in Alberta and Ontario where companies have been mandated to do so by local health authorities. Since April, workers at three Real Canadian Superstores and one No Frills in the Lower Mainland have tested positive for COVID-19.
Canadians are being warned to avoid some fresh peaches from a California company after a salmonella outbreak in the United States.The Canadian Food Inspection Agency issued the Class 1 recall on Saturday.Prima Wawona, located in Fresno, Calif., has recalled fresh peaches with various brand names due to possible salmonella contamination. Various importers in Canada are also conducting a recall of the affected products.Various brand names on recall listThe recall report lists 11 different products with various labels, including Prima Sweet Value Wawona, Sweet 2 Eat, Sweet O, Wegmans and Extrafresh.The recall affects these specific products, mostly sold from June 1-Aug. 22.The peaches may have been sold loose or in bulk, with or without a brand name. They might also have been repackaged into a variety of formats.The advisory was triggered by a similar recall in the U.S. by Prima Wawona. On Friday, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention put out a food safety alert for certain peaches.As of Sunday, there were 68 reported cases in nine states, with 14 hospitalizations and zero deaths.The CFIA is also conducting an investigation, which may lead to the recall of other products. People are being urged to check whether they have these peaches in their home or restaurant. They should be thrown out or returned to the location where they were purchased, according to the CFIA.Food contaminated with salmonella might not look or smell spoiled but can cause sickness, the recall said. Young children, pregnant women, the elderly and people with weakened immune systems may contract "serious and sometimes deadly infections," while others might experience short-term symptoms like fever, headache, vomiting, nausea, abdominal cramps and diarrhea. Other recent outbreaksThis outbreak comes after 13 salmonella cases were confirmed in New Brunswick between June and July, but it is unclear how they started.The province's health department said the cases were not related to the more than 300 Canadians who became ill from salmonella, which have been linked to a recall of U.S. grown red onions.Class 1 recalls are considered "high-risk" since the product is available for sale or could be in people's homes.MORE TOP STORIES
Would you use a see-through public washroom?Japan is giving park-goers the chance, with imaginative new transparent public restrooms courtesy of the Tokyo Toilet Project, a Nippon Foundation initiative supported by the local government. The clear glass box clouds over when users lock the door, giving them privacy, the group promises.The futuristic facilities were originally timed to debut during the now-postponed Summer Olympics.Japan has been steadily boosting its tourism numbers in recent years, and Prime Minister Shinzo Abe had set a target of 40 million inbound tourists in 2020. What would have been a record-breaking achievement has now collapsed under the coronavirus, with overseas visits to Japan down by 99.9 per cent in June compared with last year, according to the JTB Tourism Research and Consulting Co.'s latest findings.Public necessity meets performance artSixteen world-renowned architects — including four prestigious Pritzker Architecture Prize winners — were tasked with reimagining restrooms, and the results merge public necessity with performance art.Shigeru Ban's translucent glass toilets are now open to the public in two Tokyo parks and drawing flocks of curious residents. "I've never seen a toilet like this anywhere in the world," said Yuki Kikuchi, who lives in the Shibuya neighbourhood. "At first, I didn't think this was an actual toilet people could use. It's nicer than the one in my apartment."Kikuchi's friend, Sho K., said he was wary about trusting the glass to cloud over. "When I saw it at first, I didn't trust it, I don't know, a gimmick or something," he said.Sachila Niroshani also expressed skepticism."I am a little afraid it would stop working and people would see me," she said.WATCH | The CBC's Katharine Starr on the reaction to the translucent toilets:Ban's purpose in designing the see-through toilets was to allow people to check that stalls were clean and empty before going in."There are two things we worry about when entering a public restroom, especially those located at a park," the architect's entry on the Tokyo Toilet Project website reads. "The first is cleanliness and the second is whether anyone is inside."Give young architects a chance, tooKevin Chan, an architect from Hong Kong, came to check out the toilets out of professional interest. He applauded the decision to focus on something as humble as a public restroom. "Architecture is not just for the rich; the public facilities are most important," he said.WATCH | Architect says such projects bring architecture to everyone:But Chan also had a suggestion for future projects."I think the country or the government have to give more chances, more opportunities, for young architects to make more innovative designs ... not just only find some famous architect to make a noise."The public toilets are indeed creating a stir — and contributing to an international image of Japan, Sho said."When people ask me what Japan is, I answer we are very creative and nerdy, very weird but creative," he said. "I thought, 'What the heck is this?' but I think it shows off Japan."
In The News is a roundup of stories from The Canadian Press designed to kickstart your day. Here is what's on the radar of our editors for the morning of Aug. 24.What we are watching in Canada ...OTTAWA — Erin O'Toole begins a new political life today as the leader of the federal Conservative party.O'Toole was declared the winner of the leadership race early this morning after technical problems delayed the vote count by hours.His victory over rival Peter MacKay will be a blow to some progressives, who had hoped by choosing the former longtime cabinet minister the party could finally move past some of the social conservative issues that weighed it down in the last election.The hours-long delay was a less-than-auspicious beginning for the new leader, who now is racing to get a team in place before Parliament returns next month.O'Toole will have to make swift choices on who will be in his inner circle, including campaign director, new party staffers, and aides on Parliament Hill.Finding a place for Leslyn Lewis will also be key, as her climb from political newcomer to an impressive finish cements the power of social conservatives in the party.\---Also this ...VANCOUVER — Canada needs a new approach to tackle its overdose crisis.That's according to the lead author of a new study that highlights a prevalence of overdoses involving non-prescribed fentanyl and stimulants in British Columbia.There have been more than 15,000 apparent opioid-related deaths in Canada since 2016.British Columbia has recorded more than 5,000 deaths from illicit drug overdoses since declaring a public health emergency in 2016.The study, published today in the Canadian Medical Association Journal, looked at 1,789 overdose deaths in British Columbia between 2015 and 2017 in which the coroner was able to determine the substances relevant to the deaths.It reported that despite decreases in the prescription of opioids across the province, the death rate from illegal drug overdoses has continued to rise.Dr. Alexis Crabtree, the study's lead author and resident physician in public health and preventative medicine at the University of British Columbia, says it highlights what isn't working when it comes to tackling the overdose crisis.\---ICYMI (in case you missed it) ...OTTAWA — Foreign Affairs Minister Francois-Philippe Champagne is heading to Lebanon this week to get a firsthand look at the devastation caused by this month's deadly explosions in Beirut.The trip will mark Champagne's first overseas travel since March, when countries around the world, including Canada, closed their borders to slow the spread of COVID-19.It comes nearly three weeks after a powerful explosion at Beirut's port ripped through the city, killing at least 180 people, injuring more than 6,000 and leaving much of Lebanon's capital in ruins.Canada has so far committed $30 million to help pay for emergency food, water, shelter and medical assistance in the immediate aftermath.During his visit, Champagne is expected to meet international aid workers and members of Lebanon's embattled government, which many Lebanese believe is culpable for the explosion due to endemic government corruption and negligence.Champagne is also scheduled to visit Switzerland, Italy and Britain during his overseas trip for meetings with UN officials and several of his European counterparts.\---What we are watching in the U.S. ...WASHINGTON — U-S President Donald Trump says the federal government has granted emergency authorization for treating COVID-19 patients with convalescent plasma.While Trump is calling the move “a breakthrough" and one of his top health officials says it is “promising,” other health experts say the therapeutic needs more study before it can be celebrated.The blood plasma is taken from patients who have recovered from the coronavirus and is rich in antibodies.It may provide benefits to those battling the disease, but the evidence has been inconclusive as to how it works or how best to administer it. \---Also this...WASHINGTON — One of Donald Trump’s most influential and longest-serving advisers, Kellyanne Conway, says she will be leaving the White House at the end of the month.Conway was Trump’s campaign manager during the stretch run of the 2016 race, and she was the first woman to successfully steer a White House bid.She then became a senior counsellor to the president.Conway cites a need to spend time with her four children in a resignation letter she posted Sunday night.\---What we are watching in the rest of the world ...PORT-AU-PRINCE, Haiti — Newly downgraded tropical storm Marco is approaching Louisiana for an expected landfall around midday today. Tropical storm Laura, meanwhile, is forecast to move along Cuba’s southern coast during the day before entering the Gulf of Mexico and heading toward the same stretch of U.S. coast later in the week, most likely a hurricane.Laura caused the deaths of at least 11 people in the Dominican Republic and Haiti, while knocking out power and causing flooding Sunday.Marco was a hurricane most of Sunday, but the National Hurricane Center says its maximum sustained winds decreased to 110 kph after nightfall.The centre cautions that Marco could still cause life-threatening storm surges and dangerous winds along the Gulf Coast.\---This report by The Canadian Press was first published on August 24, 2020.The Canadian Press
The U.S. Postal Service said on Sunday that a bill passed by the Democratic-led House of Representatives would hamper its ability to "improve service to the American people" and assured it could handle mail-in ballots for the Nov. 3 presidential election. The House voted on Saturday to provide the cash-strapped Postal Service with $25 billion and block policy changes that have stirred concerns that it would botch the handling of an unprecedented surge in pandemic-driven mail-in balloting. President Donald Trump has strongly criticized the measure and Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell warned the Senate would "absolutely not pass" the stand-alone bill.
The latest numbers of confirmed COVID-19 cases in Canada as of 4:00 a.m. on Aug. 24, 2020:There are 124,896 confirmed cases in Canada._ Quebec: 61,673 confirmed (including 5,740 deaths, 54,682 resolved)_ Ontario: 41,402 confirmed (including 2,797 deaths, 37,595 resolved)_ Alberta: 12,748 confirmed (including 230 deaths, 11,374 resolved)_ British Columbia: 4,915 confirmed (including 202 deaths, 3,889 resolved)_ Saskatchewan: 1,600 confirmed (including 22 deaths, 1,472 resolved)_ Nova Scotia: 1,080 confirmed (including 65 deaths, 1,008 resolved)_ Manitoba: 944 confirmed (including 12 deaths, 576 resolved)_ Newfoundland and Labrador: 268 confirmed (including 3 deaths, 265 resolved)_ New Brunswick: 189 confirmed (including 2 deaths, 178 resolved)_ Prince Edward Island: 44 confirmed (including 40 resolved)_ Yukon: 15 confirmed (including 15 resolved)_ Repatriated Canadians: 13 confirmed (including 13 resolved)_ Northwest Territories: 5 confirmed (including 5 resolved)_ Nunavut: No confirmed cases_ Total: 124,896 (0 presumptive, 124,896 confirmed including 9,073 deaths, 111,112 resolved)This report by The Canadian Press was first published Aug. 24, 2020.The Canadian Press
A Danish journalist working on a documentary about Indigenous resistance to the Trans Mountain pipeline expansion in British Columbia was banned from entering Canada, despite presenting press credentials and a 14-day quarantine plan.Kristian Lindhardt was forced to board a flight back to Copenhagen from the Vancouver airport on Saturday afternoon, after a day of questioning from border officials, B.C. news website The Tyee first reported."I have been denied entry into Canada despite all press accreditation and paperwork in order. Was there to continue [my] documentary and coverage for [DR P1, a Danish news radio station] how the Canadian government uses COVID-19 to continue oil projects in secret and step on Indigenous people. Concerning for international press freedom," he said on social media, in a post which has been translated from Danish to English."It is an important issue for democratic rights and freedom of the press in the midst of the climate and coronavirus crisis."Journalists must prove they need to be in Canada, CBSA saysThe Canada Border Services Agency declined to comment on Lindhardt's specific case, but said that all optional or discretionary travel into Canada by non-residents, like tourism, is currently banned to prevent the spread of COVID-19 during the pandemic."Seeking entry for a professional visit as a journalist may be considered non-discretionary/non-optional provided there is a requirement for the journalist to be physically in Canada. The foreign national must clearly demonstrate and substantiate why they need to be in Canada to carry out the journalistic activity in order to be considered as coming to Canada for a non-discretionary purpose," a CBSA official said in an emailed statement.The CBSA also said anyone entering Canada must quarantine for 14 days upon entering the country. But Lindhardt said he had all of his credentials in order, including a statement from his employer, DR (the Danish Broadcasting Corporation), an updated press card with a statement from the Danish Union of Journalists, and a letter from Tsleil-Waututh Nation Sundance Chief Rueben George explaining the necessity of his trip.Lindhardt said he was questioned for four hours on Friday and two hours on Saturday by border officials."They were asking why I saw it as essential work, because they were saying media and foreign press aren't essential work," he told CBC News. "If it was a health risk, or they really had this rule that media was non-essential, they could have denied me entrance within five or 10 minutes."Susan Bibbings, a long-time friend of Lindhardt, said he had made the arrangements to spend his 14-day quarantine period in a self-contained suite at her home in west Vancouver before travelling north to Tsleil-Waututh reserve land."Kristian had done all of his homework to make sure he could enter into Canada during the current pandemic," she said."He was pulled aside at the very last moment before exiting the airport and was questioned for four hours by immigration regarding the reason for him coming and the subject matter of the journalism that he was hoping to be reporting on."Bibbings said it appeared to Lindhardt that the border officer was skeptical of his press credentials and took exception to the subject matter of his journalism, even going so far as to conduct a lengthy phone call with George questioning the reason for Lindhardt's visit. George said in an interview with CBC that he told the border officer that Lindhardt needed to conduct his journalism in person, to witness the continuing work on the pipeline expansion to tell their story to a non-First Nations audience."[The border guard], he's saying 'why now? Why not later?' Well, there might not be a later, because a spill happened while [Lindhardt] was away a month ago and … construction's still going on, we're still forced to go deal with our Supreme Court. So they're not stopping," George said.Lindhardt said that after the border officials consulted with colleagues in Ottawa, where the CBSA is headquartered, the decision was made that he would have to return to Denmark. He said he was not given a reason entrance was denied other than the border officials' repeated assertion that "media is not essential."The CBSA told CBC News that upon arrival, travellers must demonstrate that their travel is not discretionary, and that decisions by CBSA officers are made on a case-by-case basis.Journalists are not explicitly listed on the Chief Public Health Officer's list of essential services that are exempt from the travel restriction, but technicians who maintain critical infrastructure like pipelines are included."I appreciate it's a pandemic but there are many crises that are more serious than this. And to use that as an excuse to deny international press into the country is really appalling," Bibbings said."This really begs the deeper question of the conflict of interest of the Canadian government owning a pipeline expansion project."The federal government purchased the pipeline project for $4.5 billion. It currently moves 300,000 barrels of crude oil each day between Alberta and the B.C. coast, and the expansion would increase its capacity to 890,000 barrels a day.Work on the project is currently underway.In July, the Supreme Court dismissed an appeal from a group of First Nations in B.C. looking to challenge the federal government's second approval of the project, due to what they said was a lack of Indigenous consultation."There's very little coverage within Canadian media about the growing opposition to this pipeline … so it takes international coverage to draw attention to this issue, of both Indigenous and non-Indigenous opposition to the pipeline, when we're in the middle of a climate emergency," Bibbings said.Lindhardt spent four months in the community last year, and said for many of Tsleil-Waututh Nation's legal challenges, he has been the only journalist present. "Canadian media have mostly only been there for the big press conferences but haven't been covering how it's affecting the community," he said. "This story can't wait." Lindhardt said he plans to return to B.C. to continue reporting on the community and the pipeline construction as soon as he can.
President Donald Trump made some of his flashiest 2016 campaign pledges in foreign policy areas, such as vowing to reevaluate the U.S. relationship with NATO, abandon a landmark nuclear deal with Iran and bring U.S. troops back from "forever wars." If Trump is defeated in the Nov. 3 election by Democratic rival Joe Biden, the new administration's hardest challenge will be to restore the global standing and trustworthiness of the United States, analysts and former U.S. and European officials say.
Minister of Employment, Workforce Development and Disability Inclusion, Carla Qualtrough, joins Mercedes Stephenson to speak about the headlines of the week. Minister Qualtrough says throughout the pandemic, the government might not have paid attention to particular files as much as they could have, but she believes Canadians will understand they did their very best responding to COVID-19.