Canada has a bit of a problem with waste, particularly with food.
According to a recent United Nations Environment Programme report, the average Canadian wastes 79 kilograms of household food, per capita, per year, totalling 2.94 million metric tonnes of household food waste each year. In 2016, food accounted for 23 per cent of Canada's residual municipal solid waste that ended up in landfills.
There are a number of options to combat the problem including upcycling, a concept that involves reusing discarded objects or material in a new form to make a product of higher quality or value than the original. The concept has been utilized for everything from clothing and furniture to food and books.
Many groups in Canada are devoted to this process including Anew -- a member-driven, food upcycling organization that connects food and drink experts to create new marketable products from rescued food donations. There is also LOOP Mission, a circular economy project that aims to reduce food waste by repurposing the outcasts of the food industry.
LOOP MISSION UNDERTAKING WASTE ON MANY LEVELS
LOOP Mission was founded more than four years ago. Since then, it has rescued more than 5,300 tonnes of fruits and vegetables, saved more than 415 million litres of water and redeemed close to 1.5 million slices of bread. The company's efforts have averted more than 4,350 tonnes of greenhouse gas emissions.
In addition to making cold-pressed juices, the organization brews beers with day-old bread, creates distilled gin using potato cuttings from a potato chip factory and fabricates handcrafted soaps made with rejected cooking oil, among other products. It calls itself a "food waste-fighting powerhouse."
"There's a lot of great mission-driven companies out there. But we are the first of its kind. We are the only one who does what we do on this level. We're not just creating one product out of food waste or overstock from our local grocery store," Pascale Larouche, public relations lead for LOOP Mission, told The Weather Network in an interview.
Larouche noted LOOP Mission's fruits and vegetables are 85 per cent overstock while the remaining percentage will have just a small abnormality that prevents them from hitting the grocery store shelves, but are still edible.
"You will see there are some fruits that are always in our juices, smoothies or beer because we have a ton of [them]. The industry produces more waste for some of the fruits and vegetables, so that's what we use the most," she said.
Adding to the ever-growing pile of Canada's waste problem is that a staggering 58 per cent of all food produced in Canada - 35.5 million tonnes - is lost or wasted, according to a 2019 report from Second Harvest.
Larouche attributes the excess to regular availability of produce, no matter what the growing season is, and the "fast-paced" lifestyle many people have that leads to food expiring in the fridge because it is forgotten about or there is too much of it.
"We kind of have this mentality of stacking up [food] instead of using everyday what's available in our fridge and going to the store more," said Larouche. "It's people not planning more, it's people having crazy work schedules and life in general."
If reusing rejected food wasn't enough, LOOP Mission also supplies its own byproduct — high-fibre pulp — to a company that converts it into dog treats.
"We're always making sure that everything we produce, if we do produce waste, we use it again. So everything gets a second life, everything is upcycled. And it's giving value back to those rejected or those misfits of the industry," said Larouche.
ANEW CONNECTS COMPANIES
Anew is a recent project started by the Leftovers Foundation, a tech-enabled food rescue charity. The new venture is dedicated to using donation-based food that is destined for the trash to create a new product.
Shelby Montgomery, vice-president of programs for Leftovers Foundation, calls the latter the connectors between excess food. Anew currently has 90 members in Calgary and Edmonton, Alta. It has upcycled more than 1,700 pounds of food from April 2020 to May 2021.
(1961 Popcorn Co.)
"There's so much food in Canada that ends up in the landfill. And the real shame about it is that so much of it is still good. It's still in good shape, it's still good quality. It's beyond edible, it's still fresh," Montgomery told The Weather Network recently.
She said much of the food waste Anew diverts is a distribution issue or results from a lack of shelf space. "So this really captures a lot of that food that is avoidable food waste," said Montgomery.
When it comes to upcycling, Anew isn't just reusing a product — "we're taking something that would end up in the trash and we're turning it into something even better," the vice-president of programs for Leftovers Foundation added.
Anew is completely donation-based, so for the company it is about artisans who can respond in a timely fashion once products are available because it is rescuing large quantities of food, Montgomery explained.
"Very quickly, we want to turn them into a new product before they go bad, before they end up in the compost. We don't have that consistent source of food waste coming into our organization. So our new partners are very innovative, and they're very fast moving," said Montgomery.
Rescued cucumbers. (Anew)
The organization connects mostly with grocery stores, bakeries and restaurants, with just a few corporate partners, Montgomery said. Anew has already received "great feedback from the public [and] really great feedback from our partners" since its initiation in 2020.
"They really enjoyed being members of a new upcycling. Folks are really interested in making more environmentally conscious choices. And I think the more products that enter the market with an environmental impact or with environmental consciousness, you know, that really pushes the whole market forward," said Montgomery.
More information on Anew and its services can be found here.
Thumbnail courtesy of LOOP Mission.
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