There's always some uncertainty about what the new year will bring but Torontonians can expect at least one thing in 2023 — construction, and lots of it.
From housing developments to road construction, there are hundreds of projects in the works across the city.
Here are a few major development projects you can expect to make headlines in 2023.
After years of anticipation, The Well, located on Front Street and Spadina Avenue will open its doors to the general public this year.
It's a 3.2 million square foot development that occupies eight acres. There will be six residential condo buildings, 1.2 million square feet of office space and 350,000 square feet of residential use.
The Well's shopping and entertainment area will be a four-tiered, open-air structure covered with a glass canopy. The area known as Wellington Market will feature fresh food markets and high-end restaurants. There will also be space for entertainment, like concerts.
Dozens of foot-wide pedestrian street-style corridors, inspired by European architecture, will allow people to enter the area from different streets.
"It feels intimate and it feels like it fits into the surroundings around it. I am biased but I think we have done a really good job," said Jonathan Gitlin, president and CEO at RioCan Real Estate Estate Investment Trust.
"I think it really will create a mark in Toronto that is going to be recognizable and known as a place to be for many years to come."
The development also sits on a two million gallon tank. Cold water from the bottom of Lake Ontario will run to and be stored in the tank. The water will be used to flow all the units in the development and also the entire downtown west district in order to heat and cool the community in a more environmentally friendly way.
"Developers in Canada have a definite responsibility to be dynamic. To not just put up something that is going to be used for a few hours a day, it's something that can be used 24 hours a day," said Gitlin.
The Greater Golden Mile
This will be a crucial year in the planning of a massive residential development project in Scarborough.
The Greater Golden Mile is being hailed as the largest over the next decade with 77 residential towers slated to house more than 50,000 people.
It's a project that started decades ago, according to the United Way Greater Toronto, who is a co-lead on the project, and is focused on three priorities the community identified — deeply affordable housing, good jobs in the community and strong social supports close to home.
"How do we ensure today that the GTA we are building and leaving for our kids and newcomers is inclusive for all? I think this is one example of how we are collaborating in ways that most people wouldn't even imagine for United Way to make these solutions as we go forward," said Daniele Zanotti, president and CEO of United Way Greater Toronto.
The project is expected to create close to 20,000 jobs for area residents. Through a joint construction venture that is 49 per cent owned by Aecon Development and 51 per cent owned by the community.
Groups like RioCan, Enbridge and the Daniels Group have agreed to work with the joint venture to hire local residents as apprentices. These jobs, which include general labourers, electricians and hydrovac workers will have a lifespan of about 20 years.
As well as a major hiring campaign, this year developers will start doing preliminary studies and mapping before shovels hit the ground in 2024.
The United Way said it will be planning to make sure these residential units will be affordable for people in the area for years to come.
"What is it going to take for somebody on Ontario Works or Ontario Disability to live in the Greater Golden Mile in 10 years?" said Zanotti.
"We better be having these discussions with people who live and work in that neighbourhood and have the strongest voice, often the voice that is unheard at these planning tables."
Metrolinx's Ontario Line
Construction on the Ontario Line, a 15.6 kilometre subway line that will run from Exhibition Place to the Ontario Science Centre will continue in 2023 on Queen Street.
Some businesses along the Queen West stretch are concerned about what construction will mean for their livelihood.
Original, a women's clothing store on Queen Street West is located directly above where the Ontario Line will run. Co-owner Simon Lugassy said Metrolinx has contacted him about buying the land underneath his business.
He wants to know what years of construction will mean for his 40-year-old business.
"What kind of comfort is it when you have no understanding of what the future is going to be like," said Lugassy.
He said he's watching what is happening to the businesses around Metrolinx's Eglinton Crosstown LRT project and other issues related to cost and the timeline around completion.
Back in 2020, the doors of 140 business had to close as a result of the construction in the area.
"Look what [they've] done to the people that were there, did [they] take care of them? No."
Lugassy said he's still trying to come back from the revenue loss the business took over the course of the pandemic.
"We just went through a terrible, terrible time where we are lucky to be here, we are very lucky to be here. How much do you want to kick us, how hard do you want to kick us," he said.
There's no doubt about it, said former Ward 10 councillor Joe Mihevc, the construction will be severely disruptive to businesses in the area. He said the closer one is to a subway station, the more disruptive it may be.
"There is no hiding that truth, it is absolutely the best thing to confront that truth directly," said Mihevc.
However, he's hoping the city, Metrolinx and businesses can come together to work on a plan that would limit as much disruption as possible. Which could include making pedestrianization a priority and deploying people with business expertise to help store and restaurant owners with online businesses.
"It could be a moment of creativity and a different kind of entrepreneurship that could save a lot of businesses and make the pain be as minimal as possible," said Mihevc.
Mihevc said people have to keep in mind this is a project that will transform moving around the city following its completion and is necessary to support Toronto's growth.
Metrolinx told CBC News a more detailed scheduling plan will be determined in collaboration with the contractors awarded the project in November.
At the end of 2022 the City of Toronto had 147 major road restrictions in place, which the city admits has contributed to worse than usual traffic issues.
"I think it just indicates what a vibrant and growing city Toronto is right now with a massive amount of private development, condo construction and these major transit expansions, along with our own capital infrastructure construction projects," said Craig Cripps, a traffic coordinator with the city.
He said the reason the city is facing so many road closures is because of older infrastructure that won't accommodate dozens of emerging projects.
The traffic is not expected to get better as a number of these projects — like Metrolinx's Ontario Line — will take years to complete.