More young people in Ontario — especially young women — are ending up in hospital emergency departments because of excessive alcohol use, according to a new study from scientists in Ottawa.
The research, published in the Canadian Medical Association Journal on Monday, looked at a total of 765,354 emergency room visits in Ontario due to alcohol use between 2003 and 2016.
Researchers found that emergency department visits due to alcohol increased 86 per cent for women and 53 per cent for men.
"It's eye-opening," said Dr. Peter Tanuseputro, a family doctor and scientist at the Ottawa Hospital and the Bruyère Research Institute.
Excessive drinking, blacking out, and the need for detox led to the emergency room visits, as well as more serious liver or pancreas illnesses.
"I think all of society, to be quite frank, needs to see this this data," said Tanuseputo.
"It's a responsibility of all of society to look at these numbers. Look how sobering they are and make sure that the trends don't continue."
240% more ER visits in 1 age group
This upward trend is consistent with previous studies suggesting the average weekly alcohol consumption in Ontario and elsewhere is increasing, according to the researchers.
"The largest increase over this period was among women were ages 25 to 29, and in this group we saw a 240 per cent increase in visits to the ER because of alcohol," Tanuseputro said.
The researchers said they decided to analyze the data following the introduction of beer sales in some Ontario grocery stores in 2015.
The program has expanded to include wine and cider and the province is now pursuing a plan to make beer available at corner stores.
"Any time you make things more convenient, I think there's always concern," said Tanuseputro.
"People are consuming more alcohol and people are consuming alcohol in patterns that are more harmful than before."
In a statement, Health Canada said it's reviewing the study and is working on more initiatives to address problem drinking, along with the work it's already doing to stop alcohol use during pregnancy and support people living with addictions.
Problems with marketing
The results of the study are no surprise to Bailey Reid, 33, who gave up alcohol more than two years ago because of her own bingeing, black-outs and loss of self-control.
The marketing of beer, wine and liquor to young people, especially women, is a big part of the problem as far as she is concerned.
"I think especially after 2010 is when I really noticed [it]," said Reid.
"I was in a store the other day and there was a tank top that said 'Rosé all day' in the youth section. It's just so weird."
She points to what she calls an "Instagram culture" that glorifies excessive drinking and restaurants offering brunch menus that have fun with the idea of hangovers.
There's also a concerning change, notes Reid, now that alcohol sales have expanded past the LCBO.
"We're not thinking about alcohol as being potentially dangerous —but the study is clearly showing that it is dangerous."