A group of roughly two dozen Mi'kmaw protesters and their allies picketed the entrance to the regional headquarters of the Department of Fisheries and Oceans on Thursday in Dartmouth, N.S.
They were protesting ongoing DFO enforcement measures against self-regulated treaty fisheries.
"Now after 269 years, they want to start chipping those rights away? They want to not honour the obligations and the treaties that they made?" said Matthew Cope of the Millbrook First Nation.
"I think it's nothing short of an act of war."
Cope is facing charges for fishing out of season and selling his moderate livelihood catch. He said he intends to fight those charges in Digby in November.
"We are still a nation within a nation. We have never been ceded," he said.
"I don't think they [DFO] have any legal capacity to mitigate or regulate our treaty at all. Our treaty rights are ancestral."
The Supreme Court of Canada recognized the right of First Nations to pursue a moderate livelihood from fishing in 1999. It also recognized government authority to regulate that fishery, but the scope of it has never been defined.
Melanie Peter-Paul, a protester from Sipekne'katik, noted the recent anniversary of the landmark Marshall ruling during Thursday's demonstration.
"Last Friday, Sept. 17, was 22 years since the Marshall decision. Twenty-two years since the Supreme Court affirmed the treaty right to fish. And yet we are here again demanding that these rights be honoured," she said.
DFO preparing statement on protest
Peter-Paul said it goes against commitments made by Prime Minister Justin Trudeau.
"Mr. Trudeau advised that the government is working with Mi'kmaw communities, and will address the ongoing disputes to find balance," she said.
"And yet this government agency, DFO, stifles any reconciliation ... As they continue to defy treaties which is the very foundation of this country."
Mattio Labrador of the Acadia First Nation also spoke at the protest, decrying what he sees as excessive DFO interventions on the water.
"It's not necessary, not needed ... We're standing here today. Let something be done. Let something be heard. Let's stop DFO," Labrador said.
DFO said it is preparing a written statement in response to Thursday's protest.
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