FAQ: Can Trump still run for president? Can he still vote? Here's what the guilty verdict means

Here are answers to some frequently asked questions now that the former president has been found guilty of all 34 felony charges in his hush money trial.

Donald J. Trump has become the first U.S. president to be convicted of a felony. In a historic decision, a 12-person Manhattan jury found the former president guilty on all 34 counts of falsifying business records in an effort to disguise a hush money payment made to adult film actress Stormy Daniels before the 2016 election.

Trump is also the first major party candidate — and the 2024 presumptive Republican presidential nominee — to run for president as a felon.

Here’s what the guilty verdict means for Trump:

Judge Juan Merchan scheduled Trump’s sentencing for July 11 at 10 a.m. ET when he’ll decide whether the former president’s punishment will include prison time.

Trump was convicted on 34 counts, which means he could face a maximum of four years in prison for each count, totaling a maximum prison sentence of 136 years. But New York state caps prison sentences at 20 years for this type of offense.

If the judge decides to issue prison time for more than one conviction, Merchan will also have to decide if Trump’s sentence will run concurrently or consecutively, one after another.

Legal experts say it’s unlikely that Trump would face jail time because Trump does not have a criminal record and the charges against him are nonviolent felonies.

Merchan could impose other punishments instead of prison time, such as probation. Trump would have to report to the New York City Department of Probation in person on a regular basis, which would create a major scheduling snafu for the GOP presidential candidate on the campaign trail. If Trump committed other crimes under probation, he could be sent immediately to jail.

Trump’s conviction also means the charges against him are punishable by up to $5,000 per offense; if Judge Merchan decides to go that route, Trump could face up to $170,000 in fines.

Merchan could also issue a conditional discharge. In such a scenario, Trump would be free and not require probation supervision as long as he doesn’t get into additional trouble.

Yes. A guilty felony conviction doesn’t prevent Trump from running for president. Under Article II of the U.S. Constitution, there are only three qualifications that need to be met for the office of the presidency: The person must be at least 35 years old, be a natural-born citizen and have lived in the U.S. for at least 14 years.

It would be a different story if Trump were charged with crimes of an insurrection under Section 3 of the 14th Amendment; such an offense would disqualify him from holding public office if found guilty.

No, he could not pardon himself in this New York case or in his Georgia election interference case. The powers of the presidential pardon don’t extend to state crimes and the president of the United States can only pardon federal crimes, according to Article II, Section 2, of the Constitution.

In the Manhattan hush money case, only New York Gov. Kathy Hochul could pardon him. That would be highly unlikely given that she is a Democrat.

Trump is registered to vote in Florida. Convicted felons can only vote in the state after they have completed their sentence, which could be prison time or paying a fine. However, Florida also honors the voting laws in the state where the felony conviction occurred, which in this case is New York. In New York state, convicted felons are not allowed to vote only when they are imprisoned.

So unless Trump is behind bars on Election Day, which is unlikely, then he’ll probably be able to vote for himself.

Yes, and Trump’s legal team plans to appeal the guilty convictions. Trump attorney Todd Blanche said on CNN Thursday evening that the appeal of the convictions would be filed “as soon as we can.”

After Trump's sentencing in July, his defense team will have 30 days to file a notice of appeal, and then they’ll have six months to file the appeal.

Another Trump attorney, Will Scharf, told Fox News that the former president’s legal team is “considering all options” for an appeal. “This case is replete with reversible error going back to the very first day, continuing through jury instructions," Scharf said. "Every aspect of this case is ripe for appeal. We are going to appeal as quickly as we can. We will seek expedited review of this case.”

When they do, it remains to be seen if Merchan orders a stay in Trump’s sentence, or puts a pause on it, until the appeals process plays out, which could go beyond Election Day.

Judge Merchan issued a gag order on Trump before the trial began on March 26 that barred him, or directing others, from publicly speaking about jurors, trial witnesses, lawyers and aides, court staffers and family members of the previously mentioned people.

The gag order doesn’t prevent Trump from making statements about Judge Merchan or Manhattan District Attorney Alvin Bragg, whose office brought the case.

Merchan added a provision to the gag order on April 1 that barred Trump from talking about Merchan and Bragg’s family members.

Trump had violated the gag order 10 times during the trial and was forced to pay a total of $10,000 in fines. It remains to be seen when the gag order will be lifted.

The former president is facing three other criminal cases, which are unlikely to go to trial before Election Day.

Georgia election interference case: Last August, state prosecutors brought charges against Trump and 18 of his allies for their alleged efforts to overturn the results of the 2020 election in the state of Georgia. The case is currently caught up in appeals regarding District Attorney Fani Willis being allowed to stay on the case and six counts against Trump being thrown out. A trial date hasn’t been set.

Federal election interference: Last August, special prosecutor Jack Smith charged Trump with four criminal counts over his alleged efforts to overturn the results of the 2020 election after he lost. This case is on hold until the Supreme Court rules on whether Trump can claim presidential immunity in the case.

Federal classified documents case: In a separate case, Smith brought charges against Trump for allegedly mishandling classified documents at his Mar-a-Lago estate in Palm Beach, Fla., after he left the White House. The case was scheduled to go to trial in federal court in Florida, but U.S. District Judge Aileen Cannon said the trial was indefinitely postponed due to ongoing legal issues.